There are many factors that influence the Earth's climate. Latitude to some extent determines what kind of climate the area receives. For example, low latitude climates that are near to the equator get continuous and direct sunlight, so warm or hot climates typically are found in these regions. The elevation of a location effects climate too. The higher the elevation, the lower the temperature. The top of a mountain is much colder than the base of that mountain because of the difference in elevation. Winds are constantly trying to distribute the sun's energy. Air moves along the pressure gradient from areas of high pressure to low pressure, so the cool air then flows in to replace the warm rising air. It is crucial to a region's climate. Currents also help distribute energy around the planet. England's water is not as cold as it should be for its latitude, but the current brings the warm water up to the England area, which warms the water. Wind and water work together to determine the precipitation of an area. Landforms such as mountain ranges can affect the climate drastically. An increase in elevation means lower temperatures, which causes precipitation, which falls on the windward side. Winds then become warmer and drier on the leeward side, which causes a rain shadow.