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premises appears to provide complete support for the conclusion. pretty close to guarnteed
premises appear to have some support but less than complete support of the conclusion. meerly a possibility
false dilemma (either/or)
limited number of options are given while in realuty there are more options. called cardstacking. one side of a multifaceted issue
against the man/person. a claim or arguement is rejected on the basis of some irrelevant fact about the author of the argument
two objects or events (A & B) are shown to be similar. it is then suggested that object "a" has property "p", therefore, object "b" must also have property "p". this argument fails when a & b are different in ways which effect whether they each have property "p".
a form of understandment (meiosis) that emphasizes the magnitude of a statement by denying its opposite
begging the question
the truth of the conclusion is assumed in the premises. often, the conclusion is simply restated in a slightly different form in the premises
coincidental correlation (post hoc ergo propter hoc)
after this terefore because of this. in this argument, the author assumes that because one thing follows another that the one thing was cause by the other
the sample used is an inductive inference is relevantly different from the population as a whole
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