18 terms

Looking at movies chapter 11

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

analog
Film is an analog medium in which the camera creates an image by recording through a camera lens the original light given off by the the subject and stores this image on a roll of negative film stock. Opposite of digital.
processing
The second stage of creating motion pictures in which a laboratory technician washes exposed film (which contains a negative image) with processing chemicals. Processing is preceded by shooting and followed by projecting.
projecting
The third stage of creating motion pictures, in which edited film is run through a projector, which shoots through the film a beam of light intense enough to project a large image on the movie-theater screen. Projecting is preceded by shooting and processing.
format
Also called gauge. The dimensions of a film stock and its perforations, and the size and shape of the image frame as seen on the screen. Formats extend from Super 8mm through 70mm (and beyond into such specialized formats as IMAX), but they are generally limited to three standard gauges: Super 8mm, 16mm, and 35mm.
film-stock length
The number of feet (or meters) of film stock or the number of reels being used in a particular film.
film-stock speed
Also known as film speed or exposure index. The rate at which film must move through the camera to correctly capture an image; very fast film requires little light to capture and fix the image; very slow film requires a lot of light.
exposure
Exposing the recording media (film or digital media) in a camera to light to produce a latent image on it, the quality of which is determined primarily by the source and amount of light. The cinematographer can further control that image by the choice of lens and film stock, use of filters, and the aperture that regulates the amount of light passing through the lens. Normally, it is desirable to have images that are clear and well-defined, but sometimes the story requires images that are over-exposed (very light) or under-exposed (dark or dense).
resolution
The concluding narrative events that follow the climax and celebrate or otherwise reflect upon story outcomes.
pixels
Short for" picture elements," these are the small dots that make up the image on a video screen. The dots (denoted by the binary numbers 0 and 1) are meaningless in themselves; but when they are arranged in order, like the pieces in a jigsaw puzzle, they form a picture.
digital
An electronic process that creates its images through a numbered system of pixels (which we can think of as the binary numbers 0 and 1) that are stored on a flash card or a computer hard drive.
flash card
A fast, portable, shock-resistant memory card, housed in a small plastic or metal case, that is used as a storage medium in such battery-powered devices as digital cameras, mobile phones, and portable digital assistants.
preproduction
The initial, planning-and-preparation stage of the production process. Preproduction is followed by production and postproduction.
production
The second stage of the production process, the actual shooting. Production is preceded by preproduction and followed by postproduction.
postproduction
The third stage of the production process, consisting of editing, preparing the final print, and bringing the film to the public (marketing and distribution). Postproduction is preceded by preproduction and production.
producer
The person who guides the entire process of making the movie from its initial planning to its release and is chiefly responsible for the organizational and financial aspects of the production, from arranging the financing to deciding how the money is spent.
director
The person who (a) determines and realizes on the screen an artistic vision of the screenplay; (b) casts the actors and directs their performances; (c) works closely with the production design in creating the look of the film, including the choice of locations; (d) oversees the work of the cinematographer and other key production personnel; and, (e) in most cases, supervises all postproduction activity, especially the editing.
executive producer
Person responsible for supervising one or more producers, who in turn are responsible for individual movies.
line producer
The person, usually involved from preproduction through postproduction, who is responsible for the day-to-day management of the production operation.