Terms in this set (27)
a Mexican-American farm worker who organized a union for California's mostly Spanish-speaking farm workers. He believed that farm workers had to unionist and that their strength would come from bargaining as a group. He and Dolors Huerta established the National Farm Workers Association where they eventually merged wit ha Filipino agricultural union to form the UFWOC.
a Mexican laborer allowed to enter the United States to work for a limited period of time during WW2
spanish speaking neighborhoods
a Spanish-speaking woman who worked with Cesar Chavez to form the UFWOC. She also was able to negotiate a contract between the grape growers and the UFWOC.
United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC)
a labor union formed in 1966 to seek high wages and better working conditions for Mexican-American farm workers in California
the movement that insisted in Latino-Americans taking pride in their culture and embracing their ethnicity
a shortened version of Mexicanos that expressed pride in their ethnic heritage
La Raza Unida
a Latino political organization founded in 1970 by Jose Angel Gutierrez. The group ran candidates in five states and won races for mayor, as well as other local positions on school boards and city councils
American Indian Movement (AIM)
a frequently militant organization that was formed in 1968 to work for Native Americans rights. It began largely as a self-defense group against police brutality and soon branched out to include protecting the rights of large Native American populations in northern and western states
Indian Education Act
an act passed by Congress in 1072 that helped in the reform of Native Americans. It passed the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act. These laws gave tribes greater control over their own affairs and over their children's educations.
Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971
an act that gave more than 40 million acres of land to native people and paid out more than $962 million in cash
author of "The Feminie Mystique"
the belief that women should have economic, political, and social equality with men
The Feminine Mystique
a book written by Bety Friedan which captured the very discontent that many women were feeling and quickly became a best-seller and helped to galvanize women across the country
Civil Rights Act of 1964
an act passed that prohibited discrimination based on race, religion, national origin, and gender.
Equal Employment Opportuniyu Commission (EEOC)
a commission that handled discrimination claims
National Organization for Women (NOW)
an organization created in 1966 that encouraged women to pursue their goals. It pushed for the creation of child-care facilities that would enable mothers to pursue jobs and education. It pressured the EEOC to enfore more vigorously the ban on gender discrimination in hiring. Their efforts prompted the EEOC to declare sex-segregated job ads illegal and to issue guidelines to employers, stating that they could no longer refuse to hire women for traditionally male jobs
a journalist, poltical activist, and ardent supporter of the women's liberation movement. She made her voice heard on the subjects of feminism and equality. She helped found the National Women's Political Caucus
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
a proposed and failed admentment to the U.S. Constitution that would have prohibited any government discrimination on the basis of sex.
a conservative who along with conservative religious groups, political organizations, and anti-feminists felt that the ERA would lead to a "parade of horrible" such as drafitng women, the end of laws protecting homemakers, the end of the 'husbands' responsibility to provide for his family, and same sex marriages
a coalition of the 1970s that focuses on social, cultural, and moral problems. It debated family-centered issues such as whether the government should pay for daycare, which it opposed
a movement made up of mostly white, middle-class college youths who had grown disillusioned with the war in Vietnam and injustices in America during the 1960s. Instead of challenging the system, they turned their backs on traditional America and tried to establish a whole new society based on peace and love
a Harvard psychology professor and counterculture philosopher who coined the term, "Tune in, turn on, drop out" and introduced the hallucinogenic, LDS to the counterculture
a San Francisco district that became the "capital" of the hippie counterculture during the 1960s, mainly due to the fact that California did not outlaw hallucinogenic drugs until 1966
an art movement led by Andy Warhol which was characterized by bright simple, commercial-looking images often depicting everyday life
a British band from Liverpool that had an enormous impact on popular music in the 1960s
a free music festival that attracted more than 400,000 young people to a farm in upstate New York in August 1969. It represented the 60s movement of peace and love and some higher cultural cause.