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chap 12 pexs 200
Terms in this set (22)
At what age do some scientific experts suggest children begin organized sport? Why this age?
before the age of 8
-At about age 5 or 6, children develop the capacity to compare themselves with others in order to understand their own competence
-They tend to learn competition as a social motivation around age 7
What should be different about the organization and goals of the sport experience before age 8?
-Games should focus on skills and expression, rather than team strategy and competition
-Activities should provide a lot of action
-Participation should be continuous - no one sits on the bench
What causes overuse injuries?
Caused by repeated stresses on joints or muscles from doing the same activities for long periods of time
What is the injury concern in children?
What are the 3 purposes of modified games?
-Changes in rules, dimensions of playing area, and equipment allow younger participants to develop skills more quickly and efficiently
-Changed game is more exciting, fun, and rewarding to the participants
-Rules can be developed to ensure that all participants have equal opportunities to learn and play the sport
What are examples of modifications?
smaller balls, smaller fields, and lower rims in basket ball.
What is the primary liability of specialization?
What is burnout?
A state where the athlete simply tires of doing the same thing over and over for years in a row
What are the 4 components of "Coach Effectiveness Training?"
-Winning is not everything, nor is it the only thing
-Failure is not the same as losing
-Success is not synonymous with winning
-Success is found in striving for victory and is related to effort as much as or more than to the outcome of the contest or game
What 3 things do children mention when asked what they would change about their sport experience?
-They all want to play
-They want the sports to be modified so that they can play better
-They want less emphasis from outside on winning
What is the main reason children get involved in sport?
What is the main reason children drop out of sport?
-lack of fun
What is the nature of the exclusionary model of sport?
-Tendency to make participation less available = varsity model
-Nature of an exclusionary model of sport is that the entire system acts to identify and eventually cater to the more highly skilled player
What 2 important developments have come about with sport specialization at the high school level?
-Value and importance of weight and endurance training have been widely recognized
-Many high school athletes have hopes for an athletic scholarship to a college or university
What are some of the negative effects of steroid use?
What 3 things do principals report as major reasons for the dismissal of high school coaches?
--Steroid use can hasten the process in which skeletal growth ends in adolescence
-Although steroids promote muscle growth, the tendons are not strengthened - increasing the risk of injury
-Steroids lower the level of "good" cholesterol and raise the level of "bad" cholesterol
-Steroid use can become toxic to the liver
What are some examples of recruiting violations in intercollegiate sport?
Direct cash payments, cars, high-paying jobs that require little or no work, sexual favors - have all been used to lure young athletes
When did Title IX become law?
What does Title IX focus on the equal provision of?
Equipment and supplies, practice and game times, travel, compensation of coaches, publicity, tutoring and other such services, locker rooms, medical and training facilities, housing and dining facilities, and financial aid
When was the color barrier in major professional sport broken?
Jackie Robinson played for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947
What are the elements of the sport system in the U.S?
-Child and youth sport
How does the U.S. differ from the rest of the world in regards to school and university sport and government support?
-Nowhere is school or university sport as important to a sport culture as in the U.S.
-Nowhere is government support for and regulation of sport less than in the U.S.
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