Literary terms and devices 7th grade

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Alliteration
A repetition of sounds (consonants) at the beginning of neighboring words or of stressed syllables within such words
Allusion
A direct or indirect reference to some well-known historical person or event, saving, proverb, line or sentences from a work of literature
Antagonist
An opponent or enemy(the opposing force go protagonist )
Authors purpose
is the author's reason for creating a particular work. The purpose can be to entertain, explain or inform, express an opinion or to persuade
Characterization
All of the techniques writers use to create and develops characters: physical appearance, personality, speech, behavior, actions, thoughts, feelings and interactions with others
Conflict
The clash of opposing forces the problem. It is a vital part of most plots
Dialogue
The conversation between characters in a drama or narrative. It occurs in most works of literature
Essay/ Extended response
A short work of nonfiction that deals with a single subject
Fable
A brief that teaches a lesson about human nature. They often feature animals as characters
Flashback
An interruption of chronological sequence (as in a film or literary work) of an event of earlier occurrence. It is a narrative technique that allows a writer to present past events during current events, in order to provide background for the current narration
Genre
A type of category of literature. The four main ones include: fiction, nonfiction, poetry and drama
Hyperbole
A figure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effect
Idiom
A phrase or expression that means something different from what the words actually say
Imagery
The use of words and phrases that appeal to the five senses. Writers use sensory details to help readers imagine how things look, feel, smell, sound and taste
Irony
A contrast between what is expected and what actually exists or happens. This spices up literary work by adding unexpected twists and allowing the reader to become more involved with the characters and plot
Legend
A story handed down from the past about specific person, usually someone of heroic accomplishments
Metaphor
A type of figurative language in which a comparison is made between two things that are essentially alike but may have one quality in common. It does not contain the words of comparison such as "like" or "as"
Mood
It is the feeling that a literary work conveys to readers. It is created through the use of plot, character, the authors descriptions, etc.
Narrative
Any writing that tells a story
Nonfiction
Is prose writing that presents and explains ideas or that tells about real people, places, objects or events. Some examples include autobiographies, newspaper articles, biographies, essays, etc.
Onomatopoeia
The use of words whose sound suggest their meaning
Persuasive
is meant to sway readers' feelings, beliefs or actions
Personification
A figure of speech where animals, ideas or inanimate objects are given human characteristics
Plot
The sequence of related events that make up a story
Point of view
Perspective from which a story told. Understanding this is used in a work is critical to understand literature, it serves as the instrument to relay the events of a story, and in some instances the feelings and motives of the characters
Protagonist
The main character of a story, novel or drama
Rhyme
Repetition of an identical or similarly accented sound or sounds in a work
Repetition
A technique in which a sound, word, phrase, or line is repeated for effect or emphasis
Simile
A type of figurative language that makes a comparison between two other wise unlike objects or ideas by connecting them with the words "like" or "as"
Stanza
A group of two or more lines within a poem. This is comparable to a paragraphing prose
Symbolism
Using something specific to stand for something else, selectable idea. It can be a person, place, object or action that for something beyond itself
Theme
The central, underlying and controlling idea or insight of a work of literature. The idea the writer wishes wishes to convey about the subject-the writers view of the or revelation about human nature. It should be a message and not just one word.
Third person point of view
The person telling the story is no time of the characters in the story. He or she is an outside observer
Tone
The writers attitude or feeling about his or her subject