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By spring 1945, British and US leaders became deeply concerned over Soviet actions in:
black civil rights, national health insurance, higher minimum wage (NOT abolishing SSC)
During the 1948 presidential campaign, President Harry Truman endorsed:
high rates of inflation
one of the major economic problems faced by President Truman immediately after WWII:
Joseph Stalin and his quest for world domination
the conventional or "orthodox" view of Cold War history holds whom or what most responsible for beginning the Cold War?
lasted into the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower, resulted in more than 2 million total casualties, increased fears of domestic Communist subversion
The Korean War:
providing educational benefits, medical treatment, and housing loans for veterans
The GI Bill accomplished:
T/f: the US pledged to assist the British-supported government during the civil war that broke out in Greece after WWII
determined, decisive character
One of Harry S. Truman's great strengths as he assumed the presidency proved his:
each have veto power over major UN decisions
Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council:
In a speech delivered in West Virginia, McCarthy claimed to have a list of Communists in the:
artillery officer in WWI, put in office by Kansas City Democratic machine, failed as a businessman after WWI
All of the following statements proved true about Harry Truman:
racist nature of the Axis powers
One major reason that WWII inspired postwar changes in race relations was the:
National Security Council, CIA, and Air Force
The National Security Act of 1947 established all of the following:
allowed the president to impose a "cooling off" period during major strikes
the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947:
because he felt it promoted thought control
President Truman vetoed the McCarthy Internal Security Act:
proposed UN atomic weapons inspection and supervision; still preserve US atomic monopoly
Most influential containment policy, Kennan: USSR aggressively seeks to expand communism globally, Mr. X Article, CONTAIN USSR at every point where the Russians show signs of encroaching upon the interests of a peaceful and stable world
George F Kennan "Long Telegram"
Greece: first official application of containment policy, civil war between Communist insurgents and British occupational authorities, British can't afford aid any longer
Provisions: large scale US military aid and economic assistance.
Included USSR, aid exchanged for economic information and eliminating trade barriers, forbid Czech, Hungary and Poland from participating
Marshall plan accelerated efforts to rebuild Western economies; US GB and France zones merged, USSR blockade, Airlift; Berlin as Cold War Symbol
Collective security pact among Western European postwar allies and the US; first peacetime military alliance since the Revolutionary War; member nations backed each other up; Germany divided: Federal Republic of Germany, Democratic Republic of Germany. USSR responded with Warsaw Pact
USSR detonated its first atomic bomb, containment policy formalized as long-term US strategy for the cold war, National Security Council report,
Proposals: US hydrogen bomb
Civil war between Mao Zedong's Communist and Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist forces; lesser of two evils: chiang. Chiang's group flees to Taiwan
China lobby: "Losing China" China wasn't recognized at UN
China Civil War
MacArthur disagreed with Truman, wanted to attack mainland china, wanted atomic bombs. "No substitute for victory."; Relieved for insubordination
Truman and MacArthur
Presidential commitment of US troops without approval established a precedent for the future, Expanded US involvement in Asia, Troops stationed in South Korea throughout the Cold War, Permanent state of mobilization
Korean Conflict Legacies
nationalism, socialism, religion. US policy FAILURE to draw a distinction among these.
Policy goals: stable capitalist market economies, national self-determination
Containment and the Third World
Zionism: Jewish return home, UN General Assembly decides to separate states within Palestine, British mandate ended = war. Truman recognized Israel
Containment in Palestine
rolled back National Labor Relations Act; outlawed "right-to-work" laws; prohibited union dues for political activity; 80 day cooling off period; TRUMAN VETOES but is overridden
Republicans: Dewey, New Deal, Bipartisan
Democrats: Truman, Wallace (progressives) and Strom Thurmond (States' Rights Party aka Dixiecrats)
Election of 1948
Liberal Governing Approach: attention to civil rights, Keynes: fiscal policy, gov't spending to fuel national economic growth
Results: congressional hostility, raised minimum wage, extended SSC benefits 75%, National Housing Act
The Fair Deal
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