20 terms

Chapter 33 The Conservative Tide Homework

Homework Terms for The Conservative Tide
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Jerry Falwell
Founded Moral Majority.
Televangelist. Evangelical, Fundamentalist Christian preacher. Formed an organization called THE MORAL MAJORITY. Called for a restoration of traditional moral values. Used direct mail campaigns to fund candidates for office.
Sandra Day O'Connor
First woman appointed as Supreme Court Justice. Appointed by Reagan.
George H.W. Bush
Won Presidential Election of 1988
President after Ronald Reagan. "Read my lips. No new taxes." This statement proved to be his downfall because the economy took a turn for the worse during the latter part of his presidency. He lost to Bill Clinton in 1992.
L. Douglas Wilder
First African American governor of a state.
Elected governor of Virginia in 1990.
Contras
1980's Nicaragua
Anti-Communist guerrilla forces in Nicaragua that were backed by the United States in the 1980's. U.S. illegally assisted the Contras, and this results in the Iran-Contra scandal. Puts a pall over Reagan's presidency.
Tiananmen Square
April 1989
Pro Democracy students in China protest in Tiananmen Square in China. Brutally suppressed by tanks and soldiers. Site of bloody clash between Chinese students and government soldiers.
Strategic Defense Initiative
Proposed by Reagan Administration
Proposed missile defense system that would shoot missiles down using lasers in space. Nicknamed Star Wars, this initiative was backed by Reagan. Critics said it could never be perfected.
Geraldine Ferraro
First woman Vice-Presidential Candidate
Ran for Vice President in 1988 on Walter Mondale's ticket.
Lauro Cavazos
First Hispanic cabinet member, appointed by Reagan as Secretary of Education in 1988.
Reverse Discrimination
Favoring groups on basis of race or gender.
Bakke Case
Applied to Medical School
In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that although the Constitution does not allow race to be used as the ONLY factor in making of affirmative action decisions, both the Constitution and the Civil Rights Act do allow its use as one among several factors in such situations. MAY NOT SET QUOTA FOR ADMISSION based solely on race.
Operation Desert Storm
January 16, 1991
President Bush organized an international coalition against Iraqi aggression. Liberated Kuwait from Iraqi control. Operation was successful and completed by Feb. 1991.
Glasnost
Russian term meaning openness. , Policy of openness initiated by Gorbachev in the 1980s that provided increased opportunities for freedom of speech, association and the press in the Soviet Union.
Perestroika
A policy initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev that involved restructuring of the social and economic status quo in communist Russia towards a market based economy and society.
Reaganomics
Leads to increase in national debt due to deficit spending.
Reduce size of federal government and taxes to stimulate economic growth. Deep cuts in government spending for social programs such as Food Stamps, welfare benefits, free lunch, and student loans. Thought more money in circulation would "trickle down" to those who need it most.
Supply Side Economics
If people paid fewer taxes, they would have more money. Banks could loan money to businesses and Supply would increase. More goods or increased supply meant prices would go down. This is a theory.
Deregulation
Decrease Government Supervision of Industry. Take away rules.
Take away federal rules or regulations for industry. Ex: Remove price controls on oil or deregulated the airline industry. Cut budget of Environmental Protection Agency.
Entitlement Programs.
Guarantees benefits to a particular group of people.
Examples: Welfare, Medicaid, Medicare, Social Security, Free Lunch, Unemployment Insurance.
Pay Equity
Principle that women and men who perform jobs that are of equal value to society and that require equal training ought to be paid equally.
Strategic Defense Initiative
Reagan's Increased Defense Spending
Became known as Star Wars and would be able to shoot missiles down from space. Critics claimed it could never be perfected.