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the description of the state of the atmosphere at a specific time and place. This is the result of heat and Earth's air and water.
how fast the molecules move. High = fast movement, low= slow movement
high temps=low pressure
the measure of the amount of water vapor in the air compared to the amount needed for saturation at a specific temperature. When relative humidity is 100 then the air is saturated.
the temperature at which air is saturated and condensation forms. This changes with the amount of water vapor in the air. Measured with a psychrometer (dry bulb and wet bulb)
rain drops that pass through a layer of frozen air near Earth's surface forming pellets. (first rain then ice)
precipitation in the form of lumps of ice. They form in cumulonimbus clouds and they can be very dangerous.
when a cumulus clouds grows into a thunderstorm. Cloud is very dark on the bottom. Sometimes called a thunder cloud. Can produce thunderstorms, hail, and tornadoes.
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