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Active Partition

The bootable partition that startup BIOs turns to when searching for an OS to start up. One of the primary partitions can be designated as one.

Applications Tab:

Each app running can have one two states: running or not responding.

Boot Partition

Partition where windows operating system is stored

CD Command

Changes the current default directory. You can type this followed by the drive and the entire path that you want to be

Computer Management

(Compmgmt.msc)A Windows console tht contains several administrative tools used by support technicians to manage the local computer or other computers on the network.

Critical steps to take against malware or hackers.

Disbaling startup entries that give problems.

Use Msconfig disable all startup items on the startup tabe. Restart system and see what problems you get into with a program disabled tat you really need.

Disbale all non Microsoft services. On the services tab check hide all Microsoft services and tehn click disable all.

If a thread is not associated with an application or system it could be suspicious

Default for setting up the defrag utility for having it set up run in WIN7 and Vista?

Once a week

Event Viewer

A windows tool useful for troubleshooting problems with Windows, applications, and hardware. It displays logs of significant events such as a hardware or network failure, OS failure, OS error messages, a device or service that has failed to start, or General Protection Faults.

Event viewer. 3 types of information that you can get out of event viewer

Error, warning and information

Event Viewer Logs?

Administrative Events Log
Application Log
Security Log
Setup Log
System Log
Forwarded Events Log

Freeing up disk space on hard drives (recommendations)

Compress folders

Delete unnecessary files and folders


Remove programs that you don't use often

Move data off the drive

Free space on a hard drive. Windows needs a certain amount, how much?


Graphs in the Performance Tab?

CPU Usage Graph
CPU Usage History
Left memory Graph
Right Physical memory usage History


Srores information that determines which application is opened when the user double-clicks a file.


Contains information that identifies each hardware device installed on the computer.


Contains data about the current user. The key is when a user logs on using data kept in the HKEY_USERS key and data kpt in the Ntuser.dat file of the current user.


Most important key. Contains hardware, software, and security data.


Contains data about all users.

If you want to stop a command in the middle of a process, what key stroke do you use?



The portion of an OS that is responsible for interacting with the hardware.


Responsible for interacting with hardware.


Make directory creates a sub-directory under a directory.

Microsoft Management console (MMC)

Windows utility that can be used to be used to build your own customized console windows. In a console these individual tools are called snap ins. A called console saved in a file with a .msc file extension

Networking Tab

Lets you monitor network activity and bandwidth used. You can use it to see how heavily the network is being used by this computer

Page Filing

Windows uses a file, pagefile.sys, in the same way it uses memory.

Performance monitor

is a Microsoft Management Console snap-in (perfmon.msc or Perfmon.exe) that can track activity by hardware and software to measure performance. Whereas resource monitors activities in real time, Performance Monitor can monitor in real time and can save collected data in logs for future use. Software developers might use this tool to evaluate how well their software is performing and to identify software and hardware bottlenecks.

Performance monitor. What can it do for you?

Measure performance

Monitor in real time and save collected data in logs for future use

Identify bottlenecks

Offers data collectors

Performance Tab

Provides graphs that can give you a quick look at how system resources are used.

Processes Tab

Lists system services and other processes associated with applications, together with how much CPU time and memory the process uses. This information ca help you determine which applications are slowing down your system.

RD Directory

Removes a directory. Unless you use the /s switch three things must be true before you use the RD command:

The directory must contain no files

The directory must contain no subdirectories

The directory must not be the current directory

Ready boost

A Windows 7/Vista utility that uses a flash device or secure digital (SD) memory card to boost hard drive performance.


A database that Windows uses to store hardware and software configuration information , user preferences and setup information

Reliability Monitor

Gives information about problems and errors that happen over time. Unless someone has cleared its history log, it reports problems since Windows was installed.

Restore Points

Snapshots of the system which include Windows system files that have changed since the last restore point was made. It does not contain all user data and you can manually create one at any time


A program that runs in the background to support or serve Windows or an application.

Services Console

Is used to control the windows third party services installed on the system. Startup types for a service are:

Automatic: Starts Shortly after startup, after the user logs on so as not to slow down the startup process

Automatic: Starts when windows loads

Manual: Starts as needed

Disabled: Cannot be started

Service Tab

Lists services currently installed along with the status of each service. A service is a program that runs in the background and s called on by other programs to perform a background task


Portion of an OS that relates to the user and to applications. The user interface. The user interacts with it.


Windows utility that can be installed in a console window by Microsoft management console.

Some of your services are slowing your system down, how do you find out which ones are running that are slowing the system down?

Windows Task manager, services tab. Click on the memory tab to organize by which is using up the most resources

Switching a hard drive over from basic to dynamic? What are the requirements for switching to dynamic.

You must convert two or more basic disks to create dynamic disk

System Partition

Normally Drive C:, is the active partition of the hard drive. This is the partition that contains the OS program to start up Windows. This boot program is called the OS boot manager or boot loader.

System Protection

Automatically backs up system fles and stores them on the hard drive at regular intervals and just before you install software or hardware.

Task Manager

A Windows utility that lets you view the applications and processes running on your computer as well as information about processes and memory performance, network activity, and user activity.

Task Manager (Taskmgr.exe)

lets you view apps and processes running on your computer as well as info about processes and memory performance, network activity, and user activity.

Task Scheduler

A Windows Tool than can set a task or program to launch at a future time, including at start-up.

Users Tab

Shows all users currently logged on to the system.

Virtual Memory

It is used to enhance the amount of RAM in a system. Normall the file is hidden. You can move the fle to another partition on the same drive

Vista Sidebar-

Appears on the Windows desktop to hold apps called gadgets.

What are some of the Kernel features?

1. All three of the parts of the shell lead to the kernel

2. Responsible for interacting with hardware

3. May interact with registry in case it needs additional instructions or informatio

What are some of the Shell features?

1. Any request that goes through the shell is referred to as user mode

2. 90% of all requests go through the Win32 subsystem

-All apps relate to windows by way of the Win32 subsystem

3. Win32 Security Subsystem

-Log On/Off



-Happens in the registry

4. Other Subsystems

-Font for system

-Data and Time

What are some tips for deleting unnecessary files?

you can improve drive performance and free up space by defragmenting the drive, checking the drive for errors, compressing folders, and moving files and folders to other drives. For best performance, windows needs about 15% free space on the hard drive that it uses for defragmenting the drive, for burning CDs and DVDs, and for a variety of other tasks so its important to delete unneeded files occasionally. Another useful tool is Disk Cleanup

What does the Executive Services in the Kernel do?

Manages memory, I/O devices, file systems, some security, and other key components directly or by way of device managers.

What is the Check disk command and what are some of it's features?

Fixes file system errors and recovers data from bad sectors. (Lost clusters, cross-linked clusters and check for bad sectors), Check disk will not fix anything unless the drive is locked which means no files are open

Windows Experience Index

A Windows 7/Vista feature that gives a summary index designed to measure the overall performance of a system on a scale from 1.0 to 7.9

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