Progressives believed that new ideas and honest, efficient government could bring about social justice. Progressive ideas brought lasting reforms that still affect society today.
time period between 1890-1920
Journalists whose stories dramatized the need for reform were called _______________
wrote, "How The Other Half Lives." He described the poverty, disease, and crime in New York City during this time period
Amendment that stopped the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol
gave women the right to vote
Elizabeth cady Stanton
was an American suffragist, social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early women's rights movement
National American Women's Suffrage Association; pushed for women's suffrage
aggressive women's rights activist for women's right to vote, used picketing, caused split in NAWSA, went on hunger strikes to get her point across
the ________________, led by the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), women tried to reduce or end the consumption of alcohol. Members of the WCTU blamed alcohol for some men's abuse and neglect of their families.
Roosevelt reform policy; wanted to give everyone an equal chance at success in society...no crooked deal
Strengthened the Interstate Commerce Commission; helped set railroad rates and regulations
Wrote The Jungle revealed the unsafe and unsanitary conditions of Chicago meatpacking plants.
meat inspection act
set cleanliness standards for meat production
pure food and drug act
prevented falsely labeled food and drugs, we eat less bug parts per 100 grams
investigated and publicized problems with child labor
National Consumers League (NCL)
Florence Kelley believed that unfair prices for household goods hurt women and their families, so she helped found the
known for working to break up monopolies because they were strong supporters of competition (example Teddy R)
Wilson's reform plan. He believed economic freedom was more important than efficiency
keating-owen Child labor act
law prohibited the employment of children under the age of 14 in factories
the right to vote
laws banning the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol
Progressive President, environment conservationist... carry a big stick...Was one of the "Rough Riders," President of the United States, and an
_____________ was a reformer who thought government should play an active role in the economy. Winner of 1912 election. He shaped his ideas into a three-part program he called the New Freedom.
William Howard Taft
not very progressive, President who worked for the rights of children and miners
Walter Rauschenbusch became the leading proponent...It linked biblical ideas about justice and charity to action on social reform issues.
One leading muckraker was __________ , a magazine editor who published stories about political corruption
One form of charity was the _____________, which offered services for the poor such as child care and classes in English.
Hull House in Chicago was a famous settlement house founded by
Reformers created the _________ so citizens, not political bosses, could select nominees for upcoming elections.
The ___________________ gave people the power to put a proposed new law directly on the ballot.
The ________________ allowed citizens to approve or reject laws passed by a legislature.
The ______________________ gave voters the power to remove elected officials from office before their terms ended.
__________________ thought that family life and women's health would improve if mothers had fewer children....opened the nation's first birth-control clinic. Supported negative eugenics, which aimed to improve human hereditary traits through social intervention by reducing the reproduction of those who were considered unfit
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People an interest group founded in 1910 to promote civil rights for African Americans
Jews in New York City formed the _______________ to defend themselves against verbal attacks and false statements.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Wilson persuaded Congress to create the to monitor business practices and stop false advertising and dishonest labeling
Susan B. Anthony
This woman was an advocate for women's suffrage who used tactics like illegally voting.
lifelong battle for welfare of children (child labor) women, blacks, and consumers
government should be more accountable to its citizens
journalists exposing political and business corruption.
This amendment created a graduated income tax system for the United States of America; today this is the primary source of revenue for our federal government.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
effectively established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring the production, transport, and sale of alcohol (though not the consumption or private possession) illegal.
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof,
World War I.
Progressivism was halted by
Booker T. Washington
proposed acceptance of social segregation while working for economic gains.
believed that black Americans had to demand their social and civil rights or else become permanent victims of race
any Salvation Army soldier or officer who lives, loves and labors (cooks, cleans, feeds, cares for people) in the slum neighborhood she ministers in. FYI There are also slum brothers who do the same.
Who founded the Salvation Army?
using children to work in factories and businesses
National Reclamation Act
gave the federal government the power to decide where and how water would be distributed, build and manage dams,
a new political party created by Theodore Roosevelt
Split the Republican party
Federal Reserve Act
created the federal reserve board to oversee banks and manage reverse funds
Clayton Antitrust Act
1914 law that strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act by spelling out specific activities businesses could not do
powerful politicians who influenced work done locally and demanded payoffs from businesses