Progressivism US History

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progressivism
Progressives believed that new ideas and honest, efficient government could bring about social justice. Progressive ideas brought lasting reforms that still affect society today.
progressive era
time period between 1890-1920
muckrakers
Journalists whose stories dramatized the need for reform were called _______________
jacob riis
wrote, "How The Other Half Lives." He described the poverty, disease, and crime in New York City during this time period
18th amendment
Amendment that stopped the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol
19th amendment
gave women the right to vote
Elizabeth cady Stanton
was an American suffragist, social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early women's rights movement
NAWSA
National American Women's Suffrage Association; pushed for women's suffrage
alice paul
aggressive women's rights activist for women's right to vote, used picketing, caused split in NAWSA, went on hunger strikes to get her point across
temperance movement
the ________________, led by the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), women tried to reduce or end the consumption of alcohol. Members of the WCTU blamed alcohol for some men's abuse and neglect of their families.
square deal
Roosevelt reform policy; wanted to give everyone an equal chance at success in society...no crooked deal
Hepburn Act
Strengthened the Interstate Commerce Commission; helped set railroad rates and regulations
upton sinclair
Wrote The Jungle revealed the unsafe and unsanitary conditions of Chicago meatpacking plants.
meat inspection act
set cleanliness standards for meat production
pure food and drug act
prevented falsely labeled food and drugs, we eat less bug parts per 100 grams
children bureau
investigated and publicized problems with child labor
National Consumers League (NCL)
Florence Kelley believed that unfair prices for household goods hurt women and their families, so she helped found the
trustbuster
known for working to break up monopolies because they were strong supporters of competition (example Teddy R)
new freedom
Wilson's reform plan. He believed economic freedom was more important than efficiency
keating-owen Child labor act
law prohibited the employment of children under the age of 14 in factories
suffrage
the right to vote
prohibition
laws banning the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol
Teddy Roosevelt
Progressive President, environment conservationist... carry a big stick...Was one of the "Rough Riders," President of the United States, and an
Woodrow Wilson
_____________ was a reformer who thought government should play an active role in the economy. Winner of 1912 election. He shaped his ideas into a three-part program he called the New Freedom.
William Howard Taft
not very progressive, President who worked for the rights of children and miners
Social Gospel
Walter Rauschenbusch became the leading proponent...It linked biblical ideas about justice and charity to action on social reform issues.
Lincoln Steffens
One leading muckraker was __________ , a magazine editor who published stories about political corruption
settlement house
One form of charity was the _____________, which offered services for the poor such as child care and classes in English.
Jane Addams
Hull House in Chicago was a famous settlement house founded by
direct primary
Reformers created the _________ so citizens, not political bosses, could select nominees for upcoming elections.
initiative
The ___________________ gave people the power to put a proposed new law directly on the ballot.
referendum
The ________________ allowed citizens to approve or reject laws passed by a legislature.
recall
The ______________________ gave voters the power to remove elected officials from office before their terms ended.
Sanger
__________________ thought that family life and women's health would improve if mothers had fewer children....opened the nation's first birth-control clinic. Supported negative eugenics, which aimed to improve human hereditary traits through social intervention by reducing the reproduction of those who were considered unfit
NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People an interest group founded in 1910 to promote civil rights for African Americans
Anti-Defamation League
Jews in New York City formed the _______________ to defend themselves against verbal attacks and false statements.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Wilson persuaded Congress to create the to monitor business practices and stop false advertising and dishonest labeling
Susan B. Anthony
This woman was an advocate for women's suffrage who used tactics like illegally voting.
Florence Kelly
lifelong battle for welfare of children (child labor) women, blacks, and consumers
Progressive belief
government should be more accountable to its citizens
Muckrakers
journalists exposing political and business corruption.
16th Amendment
This amendment created a graduated income tax system for the United States of
America; today this is the primary source of revenue for our federal government.
19th Amendment
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
18th Amendment
effectively established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring the production, transport, and sale of alcohol (though not the consumption or private possession) illegal.
17th Amendment
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof,
World War I.
Progressivism was halted by
Booker T. Washington
proposed acceptance of social segregation while working for economic gains.
W.E.B. DuBois
believed that black Americans had to demand their social and civil rights or else become permanent victims of race
Slum Sisters
any Salvation Army
soldier or officer who lives, loves
and labors (cooks, cleans, feeds, cares for people) in the slum neighborhood
she ministers in. FYI There are also slum
brothers who do the same.
William Booth
Who founded the Salvation Army?
Child labor
using children to work in factories and businesses
National Reclamation Act
gave the federal government the power to decide where and how water would be distributed, build and manage dams,
Progressive Party
a new political party created by Theodore Roosevelt
Taft-Roosevelt battle
Split the Republican party
Federal Reserve Act
created the federal reserve board to oversee banks and manage reverse funds
Clayton Antitrust Act
1914 law that strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act by spelling out specific activities businesses could not do
Political Bosses
powerful politicians who influenced work done locally and demanded payoffs from businesses