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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Spanish Colonial and Mexican National Review
Terms in this set (27)
A religious settlement set up by the Spanish in Texas to convert the Native Americans to Catholicism
Mission that was founded because it was halfway between New Spain and the other East Texas Missions
Corpus Christi de la Yselta
first permanent settlement of Europeans in Texas, located near present-day El Paso
San Francisco de los Tejas
Mission founded by Damian Massanet near the Neches River in East Texas
The year San Antonio de Valero was founded
The year Corpus Christi de la Yselta was founded
The year Mexico became independent from Spain
A military fortress built to the protect the missions from bands of Native Americans that did not want the missions on the land near them.
Natives did not want to convert to Catholicism
Reason the missions in Texas failed
people who wage an unofficial war against a country. Filibusters wage this war for their own benefit, not for any country.
Famous filibuster who was supposed to capture wild horses for Spain, but instead sold the horses to the United States.
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
Famous filibuster who led a revolt from the lower classes of society against the peninsulares.
Jose Bernardo Gutierrez de Lara
Famous filibuster who was defeated at the Battle of Medina, which the bloodiest battle in the history of Texas until that point in history.
Dr. James Long
Famous filibuster who one of them.
He led an army with his wife into Texas to try to make Texas independent from Spain.
Empresario who founded the first Anglo American colony in Texas. Often referred to as the "Father of Texas".
Martin De Leon
Empresario who established a ranch on the Arkansas River. He received permission to bring Mexican settlers to Texas. He settled 200 families along the Guadalupe River.
Green De Witt
Empresario who brought 400 families to Texas. His colony was west of Austin's first colony and south of San Antonio Road. The town of Gonzales was headquarters for the colony.
Stephen F. Austin
With the help of Baron de Bastrop he convinced the Spanish governor to allow him to bring 300 American families into Texas.
Helped found the first public school in San Antonio in 1812. He was elected as the first Alcalde (mayor) of Bexar in 1820.
a person who had been granted the right to settle on land in exchange for recruiting and taking responsibility for new settlers. The word is Spanish for entrepreneur.
San Felipe de Austin
Stephen F. Austin's colony which had advantageous geographic characteristics (being on the Brazos River) that were extremely important for creating and maintaining a colony in Texas.
Reasons Why Colonists in Texas Thought They Needed Slave Labor
• To clear the land for agricultural needs.
• To make a profit from crops.
• To cultivate crops such as cotton.
The Colonization Laws of 1825
• Settlers couldn't settle along the Gulf coast
• Settlers couldn't settle close to the US border
• Settlers must take an oath of loyalty to Mexico
• Settlers are exempt from taxes for 10 years
• Settlers could pay off their land purchase over six years.
Land deal in 1803 that doubled the size of the United States
American settler of European descent that started to colonize Texas in the early 1800s.
Mexican Constitution of 1824
established the state of Coahuila y Texas that supported a democratic government.
Expectations of settlers in Stephen F. Austin's colony
• limited to 297 settlers
• become Catholic
• become citizens of their new country
• have a good moral character
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