37 terms

Theory 5th Grade

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Terms in this set (...)

tonic
the first note of a scale, scale degree one, sometimes called a keynote
dominant
the fifth note of a scale, scale degree five, the note a fifth above the tonic
Dal Segno
a term to indicate to repeat from the given sign
flat
the chromatic sign used to lower a note a half step
half step
the distance on the keyboard from one key to the very next key
motive/motif
a repeated rhythmic or melodic idea, usually short and very distinctive
accidental
a chromatic sign used in front of a note to change the note from what the key signature requires or from what has occurred previously in the measure
andante
a walking tempo
cadence
a two-note chord progression at the end of a phrase or a section in the music
ledger line
a line added above or below the five-line staff to extend the staff
interval
the distance in pitch between two tones
key signature
placement of sharps or flats at the beginning of each line of music indicating which notes are to be raised or lowered in performance of the music
major scale
a scale made up of whole steps and half steps used in ascending order: W W H W W W H
scale degree
an arabic number given to each note of the ascending scale
whole step
a combination of two half steps
chord
three or more tones sounding together
Crescendo
increasing in volume
Decrescendo and Diminuendo
decreasing in volume
Fortissimo
very loud
Legato
play in a smooth and connected manner
major triad
a triad with a major 3rd (4 half steps) between the root and third of the chord and a minor 3rd
(3 half steps) between the third and fifth of the chord
Mezzo Forte
moderately loud
Mezzo Piano
moderately soft
natural
a chromatic sign that cancels a sharp or flat
ornament
a note or notes added to a melody to decorate or embellish the music
Pianissimo
very soft
tempo
the speed of steady beats, moving in time
time signature
two numbers, one on top of the other, that indicate the number of beats in each measure and the type of note that receives one beat
tonic triad
a triad built on the tonic/scale degree one
triad
a three-note chord built of thirds
chromatic sign
the group name for sharps, double sharps, flats, double flats, and naturals
Da Capo
a term to indicate a repeat from the beginning of the piece
enharmonic spelling
using more than one spelling for the same pitch (C#-Db)
Moderato
a tempo a little faster than Andante
pentatonic scale
a scale that has only five pitches
subdominant
the fourth note of a scale, scale degree four, a fifth below tonic
syncopation
a rhythmic beat that does not follow the written pulse or meter; an off-beat