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Terms in this set (179)
A less common synonym for sloth, one of the seven capital sins
The theological virtue by which we love God above all things for his own sake and our neighbor as ourselves for the love of God.
Sin against the virtue of religion in which one attempts to tell of future events by means of occult forces- satan, demons, spirits, astrology, etc.
Both a gift of God and a human act by which the believer gives personal adherence to God who invites his response, and freely assents to the whole truth that God has revealed; a theological virtue given by God
The theological virtue by which we desire and expect from God both eternal life and the grace we need to attain it.
The willful refusal to assent to revealed truth, or even the neglect of this truth
A set of beliefs and practices followed by those committed to the service and worship of God.
The buying or selling of spiritual things, which have God alone as their owner and master.
Sin against the virtue of religion involving the attribution of a kind of magical power to certain practices or objects, like charms or omens.
Gifts infused by God into the souls of the faithful to make them capable of acting as his children and of meriting eternal life. The thological virtues are faith, hope, and charity.
Showing devotion and respect to Mary, the apostles, and the martyrs, who were viewed as faithful witnesses to faith in Jesus Christ; must be clearly distinguished from adoration and worship, which are due to God alone.
Adoration and honor given to God, which is the first act of the virtue of religion
refusing to reflect on the existence of divine goodness and the power of God's love
hesitation or neglect to respond to God's love.
Hatred of God
a sin against charity. It is denying God's love out of pride and cursing God for forbidding sin and inflicting punishment.
The failure to acknowledge God's love and return it.
putting a thing or person in the place of God, Idolatry includes honoring Satan, pleasure, power, money, the state, or drugs in place of God
The desire to know and control demonic powers in order to place them at one's service. Attempting to make a deal with the devil or asking his help in order to place a curse on someone are examples.
direct disrespect for God or sacred things
the denial or rejection of the existence of God
speech, thought, or action involving contempt for God or the Church, or persons or things dedicated to God
the quality of being worthy, or honorable; worthiness,worth, nobleness, excellence
power to decide
not only a title at which the person is called, but the term by which they are identified
invocation of God's name to bear witness to the truth
giving one's word under oath falsely, or making a promise under oath and not intending to keep it
a form of prayer recognizing God for his own sake, giving glory to Him
deep respect felt or shown towards a person on account of his or her position or relationship
a promise made to God concerning a possible and better good which must be fulfilled by reason of the virtue of religion
Holy Day of Obligation
feast day to be observed by attendance at Mass and rest from unnecessary servile work. In the U.S. Solemnity of Mary Mother of God, Ascension of Our Lord, Assumption, All Saints Day, Immaculate Conception, and Christmas
time to cultivate ones familial, cultural, social, and religious life
eucharistic or principal sacramental celebration of the Church, established by Jesus at the Last Supper, in which the mystery of our salvation through participation in the sacrificial death and glorious resurrection of Christ is renewed and accomplished
Heathen; one who practices idolatry a person abandoning all religious belief; an irreligious person
Of the dead: the raising of the righteous, who will live forever with the risen Christ, on the last day. Of Christ: The bodily rising of Jesus from the dead on the third day after his death on the cross and burial in the tomb
The seventh day on which God rested after the work of the six days of creation was completed as recounted in the opening narrative of the Bible
A ritual offering made to God by a priest on behalf of the people, as a sign of adoration, gratitude, supplication, and communion
Person or group who governs or controls a certain group of private citizens or a nation.
A group of persons who share the same beliefs, live together under authority, and cooperate in pursuing common interests for the good of other people besides their own
That which comes from the circumstances of birth; an inherited lot or portion
Faithful adherence to one's promise, oath, work of honor, etc.
The moral power of a law commanding obedience; moral necessity imposed on free will
To esteem,prize, or value a person or thing
The giving up of one's own interests, happiness, and desires for the sake of duty or the welfare of others
Creation of voluntary associations and institutions which relate to economic and social goals, to cultural and recreational activities, to sport, to various professions, and to political affairs
Also the principle of "friendship" or "social charity"; manifested first in the distribution of good and the remuneration of work
Well-being of the members of a group or community usually provided by legislation or social effort
Deliberate termination of pregnancy by killing the unborn child. such a serious offense results in immediate ecommunication
a small exclusive party or set, a narrow coterie or circle
genocide; the destruction of a group of people based on ancestry or ancestral traditions i.e., religion, customs, etc.
an action or an omission which. of itself or by intention, causes the death of handicapped, sick, or dying persons- sometimes with an attempt to justify the act as a means of eliminating suffering
penal exclusion from the faith community intending to bring about reform and resulting in being forbidden to have any share in the eucharist and all other acts of public worship and sacraments
life-sustaining forms of medical care that are either 1. radically painful, 2. excessively expensive, 3. doubtfully able to accomplish their designated objective, or 4. radically burdensome
legitimate defense by military force as noted in ccc 2309
intentional killing of a person
one not involved in a conflict (especially war), such as a civillian in time of war; one whose duties do not inlclude fighting, such as a surgeon or chaplain
forms of medical treatment given under the authority of a physician which are not radically painful for the patient, not extremely expensive, readily available, and expected to achieve their designated clinical objective
medical examination of the comb and child of a pregnant woman before she gives birth
an attitude or behavior which leads another to do evil
necessary protections of persons and societies that may result in the taking of life
the willful taking of ones own life; a grievous sin against the fifth commandment
the moral virtue that, under the cardinal virtue of temperance, provides for the successful integration of sexuality within the person leading to the inner unity of the bodily and spiritual being
that which completes or makes perfect; the completion, perfection, consummation
unjust desire to possess in a way that exceeds the limits of reason what is not ours andbelongs to another or is owed to him
literally fruitfullness and end of marriage and flowering of conjugal love by which children are produced
refusing to unveil what should remain hidden; a part of chastity
attuning the intellect and will to the demands of gods holiness, chiefly in three areas. 1. charity, 2 chastity, and 3 love of truth and orthodoxy of faith
the disordered desire for or inordinate enjoyment of sexual pleasure
sexual relations between two people when at least oen is married to a third person
deliberate stimulations of the genital organs to derive sexual pleasure
the use of devices or drugs to prevent conception
sexual union of an unmarried man and an unmarried woman.
the removal of sexual acts real or stiumulated, from the intimacy of the partners in order to display them deliberatley to third parties
the selling of ones body for sexual relations for either money or goods
sexual realations between realations or in laws within a prohibited degree
medical procedures used to prevent conception
violation by force of the sexual intimacy of a person
sexual acts between two people of the same sex
the attempt to break up a valid marriage through civil prodedures
the state of practice of one individual attempting marriage with more than one person
in vitro fertilization
conceiving a child through medical means outside the act of marriage
living together prior to marriage with the intention to get married
involving children in intimate acts
the forcible violation of the sexual intimacy of another person; deeply woumds tje respect, freedom, and physical and moral integrity to which every person has a right
mastery of oneself
A false statement that harms the reputation of others and gives occasion for false judgements concerning them.
Disclosure of another's faults and sins, without an objectively valid reason, to persons who did not know about them, thus causing injury to that person's reputation.
To act deceitfuly
The quality of being "double" in action or conduct
Spreading idle rumors of a personal or intimate nature; tale bearing
Wrongful, untrue defamation of a person in writing or printing.
Preconceived opinion formulated wo/ consideration of known facts and usually based on erroneous knowledge leading to wrong judgements and rendering a person blind to reason and closed to arguement.
Right of a person to keep part of their life not open to the public.
Seal of Confession
The confessor's obligation to keep absolutely Ksecret what a penitient hs told to him in tyhe Sacrament of Penance.
A false statement which harms the reputation of others and gives occasion for false judgements concerning them
Unrightness, sincerity, or candor in human action and speech.
free and undeserved gift from God that helps us to conform our lives to his will
any though, word, deed, or omission contrary to God's eternal law. It is a human act that presumes knowledge of wrong doing, awareness of malice in one's conduct and consent of the will. a genuine offense against God
bishop, priest, or deacon who presides at a liturgical function
human appetites or desires which remain disordered due to the temporal consequences of original sin, which remain even after baptism and which produce an inclination to sin
the words and signs that accompany a sacrament
part of the sacrament with which or to which something is done in order to confer grace, e.g. water in baptism bread and win in the eucharist, chrism in confirmation
that quality or assemblage of qualities which makes a person what he is, as distinct from other persons
an efficacious sign of grace, instituted by christ and entrusted to the church by which divine life is dispensed to us through the work of the holy spirit. the sacraments are seven in number
indelible mark imprinted on the soul at baptism confirmation and/or holy orders that gives the person a greater share in the priesthood of christ
sacraments of healing
sacraments used to restore our bodies and sould in christs work of healing and salvation; penance and anointing of the sick
sacraments of initiation
lay the foundation of every christian life in a way similar to natural life; born anew in baptism strengthened in confirmation given food of eternal life in the Eucharist
sacraments at service of communion
sacraments directed towards the salvation of others, conferring a particular mission in the church and serving to build up the people of God
the grace which heals our human nature wounded by sin by giving us a share in the divine life of the trinity. it is a habitual supernatural gift which continues the work of sanctifying us- of making us perfect holy and christ like
first of the seven sacraments, and the door which gives access to the other sacraments; first and chief sacrament of forgiveness of sins because it unites us with christ. a beleiver receives the remission of both personal and original sins
baptism of blood
those who suffer death for the sake of the faith without having received baptism are baptized by their death for and with christ; brings about the fruits of baptism without being a sacrament
baptism of desire
for those who believe in a supreme being and strive to serve as best they are able, who die before their baptism , their explicit deisre to receive it, together with repentance for their sins, and charity, assures them the salvation that they were not able to receive through the sacrament
a person preparing to receive the sacrament of baptism
formatioin of persons in preparation for their christian initiation aims at bringing their conversioni and their faith to maturity within the ecclesial community
communion of saints
unity in christ of all redeemed, those on earth and those who have died; it has also been interpreted to prefer to unity in the holy things, especially the unity of faith and charity through the eucharist
another name for baptism because in baptism, those who receive this catechetical instruction are englightened in their understanding
public an authoritative act of the church to protect or liberate a person or object from the power of the devil in the name of christ
to give up something to which a person has a claim. everyone must renounce sin an those creatures that are proximate occasions to sin. this includes the renunciation of satin at baptism
diverse liturgical traditions in which the one catholic and apostolic faith has come to be expressed and celebrated in various cultures and lands. rite and ritual are sometimes interchanged as in the sacrament rite or the sacramental ritual
permanent mark given to the soul at the sacraments of baptism, confirmation, and holy orders, designating one as a follower of christ
most often a person who presents a child at baptism and professes faith in the childs name; this person acts as a proxy if anyting happens to the paretns' an official rep of the community of fath
the form used in the sacrament of baptism. "i baptize you in the name of the father, and of the son, and of the holy spirit
symbol of the holy spirit, whos anointing of Jesus as Messiah fulfilled the prophecies of the old testament.
the activity of the Christian which fulfills the apostolic nature of the whole Church by working to exend the reign of Chirst to the entire world.
perfumed oil, consecrated by the bishop, which signifies the gift of the holy spirit.
person preparing to receive the Sacrament of Confirmation.
one of the sacramens of initiation; completes the grace of Baptism by a special ourpuring of the gifts fo the Holy Spirit, which seal or confirm the baptized in uniton with Christ and equip them for worship and apostolic life in the Church.
one of the four cardinal moral virtues which ensures firmness in difficulties and constancy in doing the good; one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit.
one's acceptance by God as a child of God, a consoling mystery bringing one a spirit of sincerity and trust while filling us with love and wonder.
the 15th day at the end of the seven weeks following passover, the Holy Spirit was manifested, given and communicated to the church, fulfiling the paschal mystery of Christ.
an attraction, either form outside oneself or from within, to act contrary to right reason and the commandments of God.
gift of tounges
gift of the Holy Spirit by which someone can understand another language.
the interior voice of a human being, within whose heart the law of god is inscribed. it moves a person at the appropriate movement to do good and avoid evil.
Examination of conscience
prayerful self-reflection on our own words and deeds in the light of the gospel to determine how we may have sinned against god. the reception of the sacrament of penance ought to be prepared for by this.
sorrow for the soul and detestation for the sin committed, together with the resolution not to sin again that is born of the consideration of sin's ugliness or the fear of eternal damnation.
the remission before god of the temporal punishment due to sin whose guilt has already been forgiven.
a grave violation of gods law turning us away from him.
an indulgent that removes part of the temporal punishment due to sin.
a conversion of heart toward god and away from sin because of hope in divine mercy.
Sorrow for the soul and detestation for the sin committed together with the resolution not to sin again that arise from love by which god is above all else.
an indulgence that removes all of the temploralsdue to sin.
an act whereby the sinner makes amends for sins, especially for god and all offenses against him.
Sin of commission
a willful act, such as stealing, that is contrary to a negative precept, such as do not steal.
Sin of omission
willful neglect or positive refusal to perform some good action, such as attending mass.
assisting persons to understand thenselves and to grow in the practice of christian virtue.
purification of the unhealthy attachment to creatures either through our early life through prayer and conversation which comes from fervent charity.
sin which diminishes and wounds the divine life in the soul, failure to observe necesary moderation.
Anointing of the Sick
One of the seven sacraments, also known as the sacrament of the dying, administered by a priest to a baptized person who is in danger of death due to illness or old age.
The loving kindness, mercy, or forearance shown to your neighbor, especially to the needy.
A radical reorientation of the whole life away from sin and evil, and toward God.
A morbid condition characterized by the accumulation of watery fluid in the connective tissue of the body.
The suffering and death of Jesus.
Pertaining to the salvation of souls: freedom from attachment, enjoying the vision of God, consummating our happiness.
The Eucharist received by a dying person.
Marital infedelity, or sexual relaitons between two partners, at least one of whom is married to another party.
A total, faithful, exclusive, willing, unitive love coming not only from the senses, but primarily from the spirit.
A marriage in which the spouses have engaged togather in the conjugal act that is apt for the generation of offspring.
The use of mechanical, chemical, or medical procedures to prevent conception from taking place as a result of sexual intercourse.
The claim that the indissoluble marriage bond validly entered into between a man and a woman.
An ancient expression for the family, recongnizing the parents as the first heralds of the faith to their children in both word and example.
A man and a woman united in marriage, together with their children.
Incapable of being erased, destroyed or removed.
An act of the will by which a manand a woman, in an irrevocable covenant, mutually give and accept each other.
A covenant or partnership of life between a man and woman, which is ordered to the well-being of the spouses and to the procreation and upbringing of children.
The practice of having more than one wife at the same time, which is contrary to the unity of marriage between one man and one woman, and which offends against the dignity of woman.
The formation of new life through a married couple's cooperation with God and in response to their vocation.
one who has received the fullness of the sacrament of holy orders, which makes him a member of the episcopal college and a successor of the apostles.
high official of the roman catholic church ranking next to the pope.
the state or condition of those who have chosen to remain unmarried for the sake of the kingdom of heaven in order to give themselves entirely to god and to the service of his people.
the moral virtue which, under the cardinal virtue of temperance, provides for the successful integration of sexuality within the person leading to the inner unity of the bodily and spiritual being.
third degree of the hierarchy of the sacrament of holy orders, ordained not for priesthood but for ministry and service.
a particular church, a community of the faithful in communion of faith and sacraments whose bishop has been ordained in apostolic succession.
all bishops in communion with the pope.
the sacrament of apostolic ministry by which the mission entrusted by Christ to his apostles continues to be exercised in the church through the laying on of hands.
the submission to the authority of god which requires everyone to obey the divine law.
the rite of the sacrament of holy orders by which the bishop, through the imposition of hands and the prayer of consecration, confers the order of bishop, priest, or deacon.
the condition of want experienced by those who are poor.
the priesthood is one of the three degrees of the sacrament of holy orders.
a member of the order of priesthood.
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