The Human Body in Health & Disease by Thibodeau and Patton, chapter 6, The Integumentary System and Body Membranes
Terms in this set (78)
_____ _____ are composed of epithelial tissue and an underlying layer of connective tissue.
____ ____ line body cavities and cover the organs.
secrete a watery fluid
Serous membrane function is to ___________ to reduce friction
In the thoracic cavity the serous membrane is called _____.
_____ _____ lines the walls of the thoracic cavity.
_____ _____ covers the organs within the thoracic cavity ( the lungs)
In the abdominal cavity the serous membrane is called _____.
_____ _____ lines the walls of the abdominal cavity
_____ _____ covers the organs in the abdominal cavity
inflammation of the parietal and visceral pleura (chest)
places the pleura or peritoneum has stuck together due to inflammation
inflammation of the parietal and visceral peritoneum (abdomen)
epithelial membranes which line body surfaces that open directly to the exterior
The cells of most mucous membranes secrete a thick, slimy material called _____.
When mucous membranes "open" to the exterior, they join the skin at the _____ _____.
Do connective tissue membranes contain epithelial components?
_____ _____ membranes line joints and small, cushion-like sacs called bursae found between moving body parts
Connective tissue membranes are also called _____ _____.
Connective tissue membranes secrete _____ _____ to reduce friction in joints and bursae
inflammation of the synovial membranes within a joint.
Inflammation of the membranes within a bursa.
outermost and thinnest primary layer of skin
stratified squamos epithelial cells
The epidermis is composed of several layers of tightly packed _______________________________.
the inner (deep) layer of the epidermis
the outer (superficial) layer of the epidermis
tough waterproof protein called _____ that fills epidermal cells as they approach the body surface
_____ are the cells in the pigment layer which produce melanin.
The layer that is deeper and thicker than the epidermis.
help bind the dermis to the epidermis and form fingerprints
collagen and elastin
The dermis is composed mostly of the proteins_________________________________.
The visible part of hair is the _____.
The part of the hair below the skin is the _____.
_____ _____ muscles attach to a dermal papilla on one end and a hair follicle on the other to make hairs stand erect.
Specialized nerve endings which make it possible for skin to act as a sense organ
receptor close to skin surface which detects light touch
receptor deep in dermis which detects pressure
_____ are formed by epidermal cells which have become filled with keratin.
general name for sweat glands
_____ sweat glands produce perspiration over most of body.
_____ sweat glands produce perspiration in axillary (armpits) and genital areas.
Sebaceous glands secrete _____ to lubricate hair and skin.
Sebaceous gland ducts open (secrete) into _____ _____.
Blockage of sebaceous gland ducts with excess sebum, skin cells, and bacteria causes _____ _____.
Topical medications containing _____ _____ decrease acne.
functions of the skin
protection, temperature regulation, and sense organ activity
general name for a skin condition
inflammation of the skin
any measurable variation from the normal appearance or structure of an organ
small, firm, raised lesion
large, raised lesion
raised, firm lesion with a light center (ex: insect bite)
flat, discolored region (ex: freckle or birthmark)
craterlike lesion (ex: bedsore)
deep crack or break, down to dermis (ex: dry, cracked hands)
"rule of nines"
method to estimate amount of body surface that has been burned
11, 9%, 1%
In the "rule of nines", the body is divided into _____ areas of _____ each plus _____ for the genitals.
Burn in which only the surface of epidermis is involved and the burn does not blister (ex: mild sunburn)
Burn which penetrates through epidermis and into the dermis and does blister
Burn with complete destruction of epidermis and dermis, and with damage to the subcutaneous tissue
Burn with complete destruction of epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous AND with damage to muscle and/or bone
fluid loss and infection
Two major, even life-threatening problems from burns
highly contagious staphylococcus infection (children get it especially)
fungal infection (mycosis) of the skin (example: ringworm, athlete's foot)
benign neoplasms caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV)
Staphylococcus infections in hair follicles
mite infestation especially of pubic areas
decubitus ulcers (bedsores)
develop when pressure slows down blood flow to an area and tissue is damaged
red lesions caused by fluid loss from vessels
chronic inflammatory condition accompanied by scaly plaques and due to excessive rate of epithelial cell growth
most common inflammatory skin "condition" but is not actually a disease itself; it's a symptom of an underlying condition
squamos cell carcinoma
most common skin cancer with hard, raised, usually discolored areas will metastasize
the most serious type of skin cancer; sometimes develops from a mole
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