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Texas Flags

spain, france, mexico, USA, the republic of Texas, confederate


1836 fighting to make Texas independent of Mexico

Texas independence

March 2, 1836 - Battle of San Jacinto


a political system in which the supreme power lies with the people

Galveston hurricane

september 8,1900, 6000 died


was a major oil discovery in 1901 near Beaumont that began the industrialization of Texas.

Texas Oil boom

Boosted the economy, lots of money, jobs. Period of dramatic changes and economic growth in u.s state and texas during early 20th century that began with discovery of large petroleum reserve near Beaumont, Texas

Industrial expansion - effects on population

More employment because of factories, more people move to texas

Pancho Villa

Mexican revolutionary leader (1877-1923) Did many good things, but killed a lot of people. Wanted to take money from the rich and give it to the poor.


People who campaigned for women's right to vote

right to vote

women could vote - 19th amendment, 1920


Young women who rebelled against traditional ways of thinking and acting in the 1920s

economy in the 1920s

good economy, recreation and vacations

product growth in the 1920s

automobiles, construction

Stock Market Crash

October 29, 1924 caused people to be left with huge debts; banks ran out of money and closed, people lost jobs; beginning of Great Depression.


In the Great Depression - shanty-towns that housed many who had lost everything. Shelters were built of old boxes and other discards.

Dust Bowl

western Kansas and Oklahoma, northern Texas, and eastern Colorado and New Mexico; long periods of drought and destructive farming methods ruined farming in the region

Dust Bowl: Effects/Impact on Texas

loss of life, cattle, food, crops, and homes

New Deal

The name of President Roosevelt's program for getting the United States out of the depression

How did the New Deal affect Texas

improved agriculture, more cotton, parks, schools, recreation centers,

oil boom effects

huge increase in population for beaumont and southeast texas
Houston becomes center of oil business
Other industries begin and grow to support oil production

industrial expansion

after oil discovery: LUMBER industry booms to provide for drilling equipment, houses, and stores
STEEL industries to make better plows for farms

Population effects from industrial expansion

SOUTHEAST TEXAS-tons of boomtowns looking for oil
HOUSTON grows because of railroads and - becomes leading city with businesses to support oil companies (banking, insurance, transportation)
DALLAS becomes major city for higher class (clothing stores, museums, art)

19th amendment

Women right to vote

18th amendment

Prohibition of Alcohol - prohibition from 1920-1933

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