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26 terms

Chapter 28

STUDY
PLAY
Eisenhower's secretary of state was
John Foster Dulles
The Baruch Plan called for the United States to unilaterally destroy its stockpile of nuclear weapons
False
In 1949 Communist forces took control of China
True
In the Korean War, the Chinese threatened a massive invasion of Korea if the United States
invaded North Korea
During the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954, the U.S. provided air strikes in support of French troops
False
____________ eventually ended the Soviet blockade of Berlin in 1949
A massive airlift
After World War II, the United States spent billions helping to rebuild the Soviet Union
False
The passage of the National Security Act in 1947
acted to coordinate and unify America's military establishment
_________ was Harry Truman's secretary of state at the beginning of the Cold War
George C. Marshall
Senator Joseph McCarthy gained great credibility during the Red Scare of the 1950s because of his scrupulous attention to validated facts concerning Communist espionage activities in the United States
False
The leader of the Dixiecrats in the election of the 1948 was
Strom Thurmond
The defense policy statement known as NSC-68
advocated a massive expansion of the American military
George Kennan's "containment" policy
proposed American vigilance regarding Soviet expansionist tendencies.
A significant aspect of the American response to the Communist triumph in China was its
decision to focus on Japan as its major Asian ally
The fundamental disagreement at the beginning of the Cold War involved the question of
who would control postwar Europe
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
were executed for passing American atomic secrets to the Soviet Union
The leading figure of the Red Scare of the early 1950s was
Joseph McCarthy
The Marshall Plan was a great political and economic success for the United States
True
The Marshall Plan proposed
the infusion of massive amounts of American capital in Western Europe
At the beginning of the Korean War, North Korea was
strongly supported by the Soviet Union
Overall, the Marshall Plan
generated a broad industrial recovery in Western Europe
The Truman Doctrine was developed as a response to problems in
Italy
When the Soviet Union shot down a United States spy plane in 1960, the event became known as the
U-2
By convincing the Soviets of the firm intentions of the United States and its allies, NATO had the effect of de-escalating the Cold War
False
The National Security Act of 1947 established the
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Stalin was succeeded by
Nikita Khrushchev