WWI - "The war to end all wars"
Terms in this set (31)
A British passenger liner that was sunk by Germans in 1915. 128 Americans on board were killed. Wilson gave a strong warning to Germany.
Pledge made by Germany in 1916 to US not to sink US passenger ships, and only sink US merchant ships that had weapons. Pledge was broken a year later.
A secret offer made by Germany to Mexico to get Mexico to ally with Germany and in return the US would help Mexico get territory back. It was intercepted and printed in US paper.
"War to end all wars"
Part of Wilson's war message to Congress,in addition to claiming that the war's purpose was to 'make the world safe for democracy.'
Russians overthrew their Czar, but then the communists took over. Russia withdrew from war in 1917, allowing Germans to fight on one front.
How most of WWI was financed, followed by corporate tax, income tax and taxes on luxury goods.
Committee on Public Information
Headed by George Creel. Had to convince Americans that Germany was barbaric, this was a war for democracy and freedom, people should buy bonds, and there was a possibility that Germany could invade the US
American's voluntarily gave up meat, wheat, or planted their own victory gardens to save food for war effort.
Espionage Act 1917
Up to 20 years in prison if you tried to incite a rebellion or obstruct the operation of the draft.
Sedition Act 1918
Forbade Americans from making disloyal or abusive remarks about the US government and its war policies
Films, posters, leaflets, speeches delivered to 'sell the war.' Get people to hate Germany, buy bonds, conserve food/energy.
Wilson's 14 Points
Wilson's plan for peace that included freedom of the seas, national self-determination, open diplomacy (no secret treaties), reduction of military by all nations, creation of a world peace keeping organization
Treaty of Versailles
Severely punished Germany; war guilt clause, reparations, return territories, reduce the size of their army.
An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy in the years before WWI.
an alliance between Great Britain, Russia, and France
Archduke of Austria-Hungary assassinated by a Serbian nationalist (Gravillo Princip) . A major catalyst for WWI.
the aspiration for national independence felt by people/ethnic group under foreign domination -Serbs
Modern Colonialism - A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically. -(Strip resources/ ship back to big Moma..)
a state of lawlessness and disorder (usually resulting from a failure of government)
the build up of a nations army and navy. (30 yrs. since last war)
Terrorist/Nationalist group in Serbia, Terrorist group from Serbia that to killed heir AHE Francis Ferdinand. -
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from European powers. " Stay out my backyard - I will stay out of yours"
1915 British passenger liner sunk by u-boats- 128 Americans were killed and neutrality was put to the test
the agreement between Germany and the US that said that Germany would sink no more merchant ships without warning
Telegram form the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico that was intercepted by British agents. The telegram proposed an alliance between Mexico and Germany and promised that if the war w/the U.S broke out, Germany would support Mexico in recovering lost territory in TX, NM, and AZ.
Unrestricted Sub warfare
1917 Policy followed by Germany during W.W. I in which they sunk merchant and passenger without warning. Main cause of U.S. entry into W.W. I.
14 point peace plan
Pres. Wilson's - Open diplomacy, free sea, free trade, disarmament, democratic self rule, & Establish League of Nations for collective security
type of fighting in which both sides dig trenches and attempt to overrun the enemy's trenches
(Over the Top into No Mans land)
1919 treaty that ended World War I - & Started WWII
Truce - a temporary peace, halt in fighting
Von Shiftlen plan
German plan to fight a two front war