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84 terms

EOG Word Wall Set

STUDY
PLAY
dramatic irony
the audience or reader knows what is going to happen before the character in the story does--example is the character is swimming in the ocean and we see or read the circling sharks are moving in . . .
situational irony
something unexpected happens from what is usually expected--example is a driving school has a van crash into its entrance
verbal irony
one character says something to another character but does not mean what is said--example is "Oh, I really love your outfit!" The character actually is being sarcastic but the other character takes the statement as true and thinks the outfit is great
eyewitness account
primary source--a person who either saw or was in the incident or accident and can tell the story from true first-hand experience
memoir
nonfiction primary source--an autobiography like a diary and journal with photos
subheading
text feature that is a smaller heading below the title of one section of a selection's heading and provides additional details or supporting information of the main concept
loaded language
words that imply a value judgement and emotionally-charged, used to persuade a reader without having made a serious argument
elaborate
make more complex, intricate, or richer in vivid details
empty box
the information that goes within is one of the answers
justify
defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning; adjust the spaces between words to make an even layout
footnote
a printed message or definition placed below the text at the bottom of the page to add or annotate information
imagery
descriptive language that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste) to evoke a vivid picture or a concrete sensation of a person, thing, place, or experience
selection
an assortment of things from which a choice can be made, a passage or passages from larger works
alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse--example is the ragged rock rolled down the road
diction
the manner in which something is expressed in words, word choice, a writer's choice of words, phrases, sentence structures, and figurative language, which combine to help create meaning.
central idea or thesis
the main idea the author wants the audience to understand
subtle
adjective-beneath detection or difficult to grasp by the mind, elusive, sly, ambiguous, working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way
perception
becoming aware of something via the senses or understanding some action's meaning; awareness; insight
distinctive
unique, having a special quality, style, attractiveness, serving to distinguish or identify
mimic
imitate (a person, a manner, etc.), especially for satirical effect, mock; copy, duplicate
irrelevant
having no bearing on or connection with the subject at issue, not to the point, not applicable or pertinent; having nothing to do with the subject
objective
emphasizing or expressing things as perceived without distortion of personal feelings or interpretation or basing totally on facts and not opinion--example is 2 + 2= 4, no other answer, so it is what it is
subjective
influenced by personal feelings or opinions and not based strictly on facts; occurring or taking place within the mind; unreal--example is ice cream is the best dessert or I believe that poem is the best in the class
construct
put together out of components or parts, create by organizing and linking ideas, arguments, or concepts; combined to make something new like a new perspective or a new storyline
insufficient
of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement; not enough
sufficient
enough to fill a need or prove a point
jargon
vocabulary distinctive to a particular group of people--example is a group of students use the term EOG and know it stands for End-of-Grade assessment testing at the end of each grade year, but people who are not students would not know this word
sidebar
(law) a courtroom conference between the lawyers and the judge that is held out of the jury's hearing or text set off from the main body of larger story or site in a text box that provides additional information for the reader
menu
an agenda of things available or to do; a list of options available to a computer user on a screen
allusion
a figure of speech whereby the author refers to a subject matter such as a place, event, or literary work by way of a passing reference; it is up to the reader to make a connection to the subject being mentioned--example is the teenager in his Nikes danced with Michael Jackson moves
denotation
the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the dictionary definition--example is a cat is an animal
connotation
an idea that is implied or suggested, the feelings or emotions surrounding a word--example is just the mention of "cat" and my ailurophobia makes my skin chill and my heart pound
periodicals
a newspaper or magazine that is distributed monthly, weekly, or daily
first person narrator point of view
tells the story from his/her own point of view and refers to him/herself as "I" may be an active character in the story or just a participant observing as the story happens
third person narrator point of view
is outside the story and not a character; two kinds--omniscient and limited; omniscient is all-knowing and will reveal the thoughts, feelings, and actions of more than one character; limited only gives the thoughts, feelings, and actions from the view of one character
omnipotent
all-powerful, almighty, having unlimited power or authority
brackets
grouping symbols ex: [ ], used to clarify quotations, to indicate that a word or words were not spoken by the person or source
convey
make known, transmit or serve as the medium for transmission, serve as a means for expressing something
linguistic
consisting of or related to language or the study of how words in language are used to convey meaning
graphic organizer
a chart or diagram that readers can use to take notes and clarify information to show relationships and connection
aroma
a distinctive odor that is pleasant; a smell that has an appealling bouquet
abundant
present in great quantity; plentiful; abounding
bullet point
any item in a list in which each listed entry is preceded by a symbol, rather than by a number; usually used to highlight or emphasize importance
agonizing
extremely painful
clamorous
conspicuously and offensively loud
paralyzed
unable to feel or move either physically or emotionally
literary versus figurative meaning
the words that are written in the text (like denotative meaning) versus the connection to strong connotations, or feelings, and symbolic representations the words create
precision
the exactness or accuracy; refers to the closeness of a set of measurements of the same quantity made in the same way
hawthorne hedge
a bush that grows so thick it is like a fence and is sometimes used to mark the separation of your property adjacent to the edge of your neighbor's land
zest
vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment
idealism
The practice of seeing or representing things in their best or perfect form rather than as they usually exist in real life.
intangible
incapable of being perceived by the senses especially the sense of touch, hard to pin down or identify; abstract not concrete
primary sources
are materials written or made by people who took part in or witnessed historical events; letters, diaries, speeches, news reports, and autobiographies are examples: identify author and his/her knowledge of subject, skim document, note special use of punctuation (ellipses indicate words have been removed, brackets indicate words that are not original but are replacements), distinguish between facts and the author's opinions, consider for whom the author was writing, skim questions to identify the information need to answer
secondary sources
commentaries, summaries, reviews, or interpretation of primary sources to provide new insights or historical perspectives; books, articles, and other documents/documentaries written or performed about an event but not recorded at the original event or by the original person or eyewitness; encyclopedias, biographies, movies
multiple choice strategy
consists of a stem and a set of choices; the stem is the question; one of the choices correctly answers or completes: read stem carefully, pay close attention to key words in stem, read all choices, carefully considered all choices, eliminate any choices you know incorrect, use modifiers to help narrow your choice, select best one
connections strategy
compare something that happens in the story with something that has happened in real life; relate information you know from other sources to the piece of literature you are reading: read asking yourself questions, reread, think about each choice, use context clues to determine meaning; MAKING INFERENCES!
critical stance strategy
compare and contrast, distinguishing between fact and opinion, and trying to understand the way the author has constructed the piece; read introduction, read passage, apply literary terms, compare and contrast elements in the passage
interpretation strategy
means more than repeating information or understanding the context; you may be asked to discuss a selection's tone or explain why the selection is important: skim passage, reread questions and answers, notice word usage and feelings conveyed, dig for clues
cognition strategy
refers to the strategies a reader uses to understand a text; these strategies include using context clues to figure out a word's meaning, identifying the main idea, and supporting details: read titles, skim passage, read questions and answers, note author's purpose
description text structure
explains a topic, idea, person, place,or thing by listing characteristics, features, and examples; Focus is on one thing and its components; signal words--for example, characteristics are, such as, looks like, consists of, for instance, most important; *look for topic word (or synonym) to be repeated throughout
sequence text structure
The author lists items or events in numerical or
chronological order; describes the order of events or how to do or make something; signal words--first, second, third, next, then, after, before, prior to, not long after, while, meanwhile, simultaneously, at the same time, following, finally, at last, in the end, on (date), at (time), directions
comparison/contrast text structure
The author explains how two or more things are alike
and/or how they are different; signal words--differs from, similar to, in contrast, alike, same as, as well as, both, either or, not only but also, yet, although, but,
however, on the other hand, *also look for "-est" words: best,fewest, tallest, etc.
cause/effect text structure
The author lists one or more causes or events and the
resulting consequences or effects: Effect = What happened? Cause = What made it happen?; purpose is to explain why or how something happened, exists, or works; signal words-- *often there will be an "if/then" pattern, reasons why, reasons for, if...then, as a result of, therefore, because of, so, since, in order to, leads or leads to, effects of, caused by, resulted, outcome, impact, influenced by, brought about by
problem/solution text structure
The author states a problem and lists one or more possible solutions to the problem; may also include the pros and cons for the solutions; signal words--problem is, dilemma is, puzzle is, solved, question, answer, because, since, this led to, the main difficulty, one possible solution is, one challenge, therefore, this led to, so that, if...then, thus
unit title
text feature that helps review the "big picture" of the whole topic
heading or section
text feature that is bold descriptions of the "chunk" or grouped information and provides a prediction for what will be read.
special type format
text feature that the author often uses to highlight important terms or actions or concepts or to show that the definitions are found in the glossary; examples are boldface or italics
political cartoon
illustration to represent a political opinion using symbols and caricatures
charts
text features that give a graphic representation that presents information connected to the text in easily interpreted formats; readers should pay close attention to them and to summarize what they portray
line and bar graphs
text features used most commonly as types of graphs to show interpretations with line and bar values
pie graphs
text features that charts in a circle to help audiences visualize the relationships among parts of a single unit; deals with data in percentages, describes data's relationship from a whole; useful for showing parts of a fixed whole
political maps
text features that emphasize human made features such as national borders that divide countries and cities within counties and counties within states; helpful organizational tool to extend meaning
thematic maps
text features that map stories or focus on a specific topic, typically showing the degree of some attribute of the movement of a geographic phenomenon; helpful organizational tool to extend meaning
timelines
text features that shows how information in time order was available or happened prior to the decision and or event/action; helpful organizational tool to extend meaning
physical maps
text features that emphasize the natural features of land and water of an area; helpful organizational tool to extend meaning
pictures
text features that help readers visualize the text and benefits readers understanding of concepts or statements presented in the text
table of contents
text feature that generally lists part, chapter, and unit and section titles so that the reader can see how the topic is summarized as well as the major concepts and ideas that will be covered
glossary
text feature that helps readers increase their vocabulary and summarizing key terms and concepts found in a text; it is content specific and found in the back of the text
appendix
text feature that is found in the back of a text that is in addition to the glossary and index and provides support materials that may be referenced in various parts of the text or offer further research on the text's topic
index
text feature that is found in the back of the text and provides an alphabetical listing of subjects, people, places, events, covered in the text and is helpful in quickly locating supporting information related to main or subtopics in the text
pun
humorous expression used to suggest a word's different meanings or applications, or the use of words that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words EX: I work at a bakery because I knead (need) dough (money).
active voice
the subject of the sentence clearly performs the verb and usually does not use forms of the "to be" verb
EX: Jay won the award.
passive voice
the subject of the sentence receives the action and the verb phrase usually has the "to be" helping verb and the past participle of the action verb EX: The award was won by Jay.
verb moods
indicative (I will pass!) expresses an opinion/fact; imperative (Pass the test.)expresses a mild command with the understood you; conditional (I might pass if . . . . )expresses a possibility or uncertainty; subjunctive expresses something contrary to fact (I wish I were . . . .) or makes a suggestion using that (I suggest that . . . .)