221 - 206 B.C.E.
one of the warring states. Conquered its rivals. China's 1st empire. Its founder = Shi Huangdi. Unified its states. Road system. Burned books to disconnect from the past. The name of "China" may have come from this word. Legalism (human nature = wicked. Needs strong discipline) Instead of eldest son gaining property, required that it be distributed to all heirs. Targeted aristocracy. Abolished slavery. Created standards which unified (weights, measures, coinage, uniform law code, common system of writing, etc.) Built Great Wall (protect against northern nomads) Died from rebellion (from labor) when founder died.