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60 terms

ap psych people

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calkins
first female president of both the American psychological association and the American philosophical association
darwin
survival of the fittest; theory of evolution
dix
reform of mental hospitals in the USA
freud
psychoanalytical approach to psychology
hall
founded the American journal of psychology and in 1892 was appointed as the first president of the APA
james
established the first psych lab in the US and wrote a textbook for psych even though he was an MD
pavlov
the dog, spit and bell- classical conditioning
rogers
humanism- little acorns to big oaks
skinner
operant conditioning- skinner box and training
watson
established that emotions could be conditioned, classical conditioning, only observable behavior worthy of study
washburn
used her experimental studies in animal behavior and cognition to present her idea that mental (not just behavioral) events are legitimate and important psychological areas for study in her book, The Animal Mind. this went against the established doctrine in academic psychology that the mental was not observable and therefore not appropriate for serious scientific investigation
wundt
established the first psychology lab in Germany- first one ever
gage
tapping rod through the head
broca
tan- left temporal lobe= production of language
wernicke
left temporal lobe= interpretation of speech
sperry
split brain for epilepsy
gazzaniga
did experiments with sperry on the split brain
fechner
psychophysics; devices used in measuring sensations
hubel and wiesel
co-recipients of the 1981 nobel peace prize in physiology or medicine for their discoveries involving information processing in the visual system
weber
weber's law- just noticeable difference between various stimuli
hilgard
research on hypnosis, especially with regard to pain control
ainsworth
researched the effects of maternal separation on child development- secure vs. insecure attachment
bandura
social learning theory/ modeling behavior (bobo doll)
garcia
taste aversion conditioning experiments with rats
rescoria
work centers on the nature of elementary associative learning processes, especially as exemplified by Pavlovian conditioning and instrumental training
thorndike
law of effect- if good keep doing it
tolman
coined the term/concept of latent learning
baumrind
named the parenting styles- authoritarian, permissive, authoritative
erikson
stages of psycho-social development- i.e. generatively vs. stagnation; identity crisis
freud
stages of development- oral, anal, phallic, etc., manifest/latent content of dreams, defense mechanisms
piaget
stages of development- concrete operation, etc
giligan
specialized and wrote books on girls development
harlow
wire vs. soft monkey- attachment
kohlberg
moral development- preconventional, conventional, post conventional
Lorenz
imprinting (humans don't)- "fly away home"
vygotsky
easly psychologists who investigated the role of culture in child development
ebbinghaus
memorization of non-sense words vs. meanings
chomsky
prewired for language- use it or lose it
kohler
insight- sultan the chimp
loftus
reconstructive memory; eye witness testimony
miller
short term memory can hold seven items
james-lange
physical reaction leads to emotional reaction
canon-bard
physical reaction and emotional reaction are simultaneous
schachter-singer
two factor theory- physical reaction and emotional reaction are simultaneous and you have to label it
selye
GAS-alarm, resistance, exhaustion
maslow
hierarchy of needs, humanistic psychology
kinsey
reports on sexual behaviors; research on human sexuality, foundational to the modern field of sexology, provoked controversy in the 1940s and 1950s
adler
inferiority/superiority complexes
costa and mccrae
CANOE; traits in personality
jung
myers-briggs modeled on his work; coined extrovert/introvert; psychodynamic
rogers
rethinking how we deal with the challenges of life/little acorns to big oaks- humanist
rosenhan
pseudo-schizophrenic study on reliability of diagnosis
beck
father of cognitive therapy
ellis
rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT)
cover jones
little peter and reversing classical conditioning to extinguish fears
wolpe
systematic desensitization in the treatment of anxiety disorders
asch
line experiment and conformity
festinger
author of cognitive dissonance theory- adjust how we think to how we act
milgram
obedience experiment with the shocking machine
zimbardo
prison experiment and situational factors that influence behavior