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28 terms

AP Psychology - Schools and Perspectives

STUDY
PLAY
Wilhelm Wundt
"Father of Psychology"
Structuralism
ID the components of the mind
Edward Titchener
Structuralism
Functionalism
How the conscious mind helps the individual adapt to the environment
William James
Functionalism, "The Principles of Psychology"
Behaviorism
study of observable behavior
John Watson
Behaviorism
Gestalt Psychology
People think about and perceive wholes rather than simply combinations of separate elements
Max Wertheimer
Gestalt Psychology
Psychoanalysis
Importance of unconscious causes of behavior
Sigmund Freud
Psychoanalysis, case studies, conversion hysteria, psychic determinism, childhood experiences
Biological
genetic, brain structure, neural, neurochemical, endocrine
Wilder Penfield
biological perspective, mapped the brain
Roger Sperry
biological perspective, discovered that the two hemispheres of the brain have different functions
Behavioral
learning, conditioned, rewarded/punished, observed, modeled, environment
B. F. Skinner
behavioral perspective, utopian society, "Walden Two"
Cognitive
thoughts, the way you think, how you frame your world
Jean Piaget
cognitive perspective, Theory of Cognitive Development
Humanistic
you choose to - free will, free choice, if it is to be, it is up to me
Psychodynamic
psychoanalytic, unconscious motivations, childhood experiences, Freud
Jung
psychodynamic perspective, introvert vs. extrovert, personality
Adler
psychodynamic perspective, we are inferior and try to be superior, inferiority complex
Freud and Klein
psychodynamic perspective, children and their experiences
Klein
psychodynamic perspective, play therapy
Sociocultural
multicultural - global perspective v. whitey - anthropology studies
ethnocentrism
viewing other cultures using your own culture as the standard by which everyone else must live
Evolutionary/Sociobiological
adaptation, survival of the fittest - amalgam of bio and behaviorism
eclectic
counselors who, when they treat people, don't stay dead set on one perspective