Chapter 3: Federalism
Terms in this set (21)
A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same land and people. It is a system of shared powers between units of government.
A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the central government. Most Countries today have unitary governments.
A way of organizing a government where the national government is weak, and all the power resides in the subunits of government.
The workings of the federal government-the entire set of interactions among national, state, and local governments
Article 6 of the Constitution, which makes the constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is cting within its constitutional limits.
The Constitutional Amendment stating, "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution,nor prohibited to the states, are reserved to the states respectively or the people."
McCulloch v. Maryland
An 1819 Supreme Court decision that established the supremacy of the national government over state governments.
Powers of the federal government that are specifically addressed in the Constitution.
Powers of the federal government that go beyond those enumerated in the Constitution.
The final paragraph of Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution, which authorizes Congress to pass all laws necessary and proper to carry out the enumerated powers.
Gibbons v. Ogden
A landmark case in 1824 where the Supreme Court interpreted very broadly the clause in Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution giving Congress power to regulate interstate commerce, encompassing virtually every form of commercial activity.
Full Faith and Credit
A clause in Article 6, section 1, of the constitution requiring each state to recognize the official documents and civil judgements rendered by the courts of other states.
A legal process whereby an alleged criminal offender is surrendered by the officials of one state to the officials of the state in which the crime is alleged to have been committed.
Privileges and Immunities
A clause in Article 4, Section 2, of the Constitution according citizens of each state most of the privileges of citizens of other states.
A system of government in which both the federal and state governments remain supreme within there own spheres, each responsible for their own policies.
A system of government in which power and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government.
The pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system; it is the cornerstone of the national government's relations with state and local governments.
Federal Grants that can be used only for specific purposes or categories of state and local spending. They come with strings attached such as nondiscrimination provisions.
Federal categorical grants given for specific purposes and awarded based on the basis of merits of application.
Federal Categorical Grants distributed according to a formula specified in legislation or in administrative regulations.
Federal grants given more or less automatically to states or communities to support broad programs in areas such as community development and social services.
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