JCM 100 Exam 2
Terms in this set (72)
What different allegiances do narrative and documentary hold?
- ALLEGIANCE TO DRAMATIC STORYTELLING
- fictional portrayal of events, people, and places
- entertaining and easily comprehensible
- ALLEGIANCE TO RECORDING OF REALITY, EDUCATION OF VIEWERS, AND/OR THE PRESENTATION OF POLITICAL OR SOCIAL ANALYSES
- presents factual information about real events, people, and places
- uses historical accounts and findings
- de-emphasize story
What's the distinction between non-fiction and non-narrative documentary?
Non-Fiction: may be put together as a narrative
Non-Narrative: may be entirely or partly fictional
What are the FOUR organizational documentary point-of-views (POVs)?
Where does the line blur?
a non-narrative film can be entirely or partially fictional, conversely, a nonfiction film can be constructed as a narrative
What reasons characterize why documentaries are never objectively true?
- all docs employ storytelling and dramatization to some degree to shape their material
- all docs employ the same subjective cinematic VISUAL language
- no subject knowingly filmed can ever behave as they would off camera
- all docs have personal perspective on subject matter
What are the four basic frameworks to documentary? Examples?
1. effort to explore the world and its people
2. interrogate or analyze an event or problem
3. assumes stance of a debater who attempts to persuade the audience
4. foregrounds and reflects presence and activity of film-making process
What is a more appropriate phrase of what we call documentaries?
a creative treatment of reality
examine and present both familiar and unfamiliar peoples and cultures as social activities
aim to investigate and to celebrate the political activities of men and women as they appear within the struggles of small and large social spheres
show visible efforts to support a particular social or political issue or group
- frequently use more complex arguments and more subtle tactics than bluntly manipulative documents
concentrates largely on recovering and representing events or figures in history
Conventional Documentary Histories
assume facts and realities of a past history can be more or less recovered and accurately represented
Reflexive Documentary Histories
aware that the film or other discourses and materials will never be able to fully retrieve the reality of that lost history
typically about cultural revelations, aimed at presenting specific peoples, rituals, or communities that may have been marginalized by or invisible to the mainstream cultures
- roots in early cinema
explore different global cultures and peoples, both living and extinct
film movement that insists on filming real objects, people, and events in a confrontational way, so that the reality of the subject continually acknowledges the reality of the camera recording it
- arose in late 50s and 60s in Canada/France
North American version of Cinema Verite that is more observational and less confrontational
create films that look more like autobiographies or diaries
use documentary techniques in order to present a reenactment or theatrical staging of presumably true or real events
take a much more humorous approach to the question of truth and fact by using a documentary style and structure to present and stage fictional realities
a fabricated documentary about fictional people, places, and events
the formal expositional strategies used in documentaries
present a catalog of images or sounds throughout the course of the film
present a series of contrasts or oppositions meant to indicate the different points of
view on its subject
places, objects, individuals, or experiences are presented through a pattern that has a non-narrative logic or structure but still follows a logic of change or progression
organizational points of view that shape films' formal practices according to certain perspectives and attitudes
announce or suggest that the film's driving perspective is a scientific search into particular social, psychological, or physical phenomena
Interrogative/ Analytical Positions
rhetorically structure a movie in a way that identifies the subject as being under investigation - either through an implicit or explicit q&a format or by other, more subtle techniques
articulate a perspective that expresses a personal or social position using emotions or beliefs and aim to persuade viewers to feel and see in a certain way
Reflective/ Performative Positions
call attention to the film-making process or perspective of the filmmaker in determining or shaping the documentary material being presented
How does 30 for 30 get off the ground for ESPN? What is it celebration of?
30 for 30 is created the give ESPN's brand identity greater prestige within the increasingly competitive world of cable sports TV; it is a celebration of ESPN's 30th anniversary
How does the documentary form lend itself to the sports scandals that ESPN already covered?
the documentary model has the capacity to treat sports in a more authentic, detailed and artful manner than regular sports programming; it provides "a layer of intimacy"
How does 30 for 30 provide "innovative approaches to the oftentimes predictable sports documentary genre"?
by offering greater perspective and intimacy than other media forms (showing the underdog, using "what if I told you"s to change up perspective and expectation)
How does ESPN use the documentary form to usurp (take away or overthrow) HBO Sports' position as the most prominent producer of sports docs on television?
ESPN encourages playfulness and experimentation rather than the expected documentary content (repetitive usage of voice-overs, interviews, and archive footage)
How does ESPN distinguish their docs from HBO ones (think about the demographics here as well)?
"Documentaries are not medicine. They can be entertaining, interesting, informative, thoughtful, and innovative in form"
HBO is geared towards older generations, whereas ESPN wants to target a younger crowd and attract new types of viewers who may not normally enjoy documentaries
How does the ESPN Films logo demonstrate that it considers itself cinematic?
- simple white background
- film projector light shows behind it (cinematic look)
How does the director of June 17, 1994 explain his thought process in making the film as he did?
he calls his documentary style "experiential", wherein the audience is made to feel as if they are actually experiencing the documented subject matter rather than merely watching a film about it
- he dislikes talking heads and voiceovers
How does 30 for 30 work to establish ESPN as the most authoritative voice in sport media, history, and culture?
ESPN Films want to use the series to "tell a larger story collectively of what sports meant to the era, and where sports intersected with the era"
Screening Question: What were the primary events featured in June 17, 1994? What framework(s) best fit the film? How does the director describe the film?
- OJ Simpson Trial
- Arnold Palmer's last PGA
- NBA Championship
- MLB Game
- Wold Cup
- NHL Championship/ Parade
The film was described as "experiential"
What is StrikeTV?
a web video network formed out of protest by Hollywood professionals during the writer's strike
What was StrikeTV's mission and who were they fighting against?
provide original content, protest YouTube, and fight the film-making industry
What is the "problem of YouTube"?
controls the growing market for web video and has "free" content
In what ways does television still have advantages over YouTube in terms of viewership?
- allows advertisers to show content
- requires professionals (thus, giving them work)
- brings quality AND quantity
What is the problem with YouTube being "viral" in terms of advertising and marketing?
YouTube focuses on views rather than quality storytelling. It also allows amateurs to make money through product placement, ad revenue, and tv deals
What are some of the alternative websites that host webseries?
Crackle, StrikeTV, RowdyOrbit, GLO TV Network, BetterBlack TV, VisionTube, Digital Chick TV
What are other names for web series?
Will webseries ever be more profitable than television and film? Why?
No; the overall market for web video is much smaller
- most of the important and noteworthy projects that are made for online streaming are made by either traditional institutions or by people w/ strong connections to them
What do indie web creators propose that webseries can do that traditional media cannot?
web series can show edgier, more fan-driven, and more political content than legacy TV
What things can webseries offer advertisers and/or consumers? EXAMPLES.
- illustrate alt. ways of producing new kinds of stories (narrative and genre experimentation)
- experiment w/ new practices in marketing (ex. via social media)
- explore new ways of financing/advertising (ex. GoFundMe, friends and family, etc.)
- identify new methods of distribution (ex. indie streaming sites)
- determine new ways of assessing value of content (what kinds of serials do consumers want? what will make them stay loyal to the show?)
What happened that helped Whedon conceive the idea to make Dr. Horrible?
2007 writer's strike
What was proposed to be one consequence of the strike?
"the development of autonomous online entertainment programming is accelerated"
What was the budget for the production?
Where did he film much of the production?
Universal Studios Backlot
How were they able to ignore traditional TV rules? How did they ape traditional TV distribution models?
because the content was posted online; RT of 42 minutes instead of traditional 30 minutes
How did the production do in terms of profits?
more that recouped production costs
What did Dr. Horrible establish?
the potential profitability of original online content
What rewards can web series offer?
- ways to conmect w/ consumers in an increasingly difficult market
- ways to correct gender, racial, sexually oriented representations in mainstream media
What is new media?
interactive media technology that include the 6 characteristics of new media
What are characteristics of new media (6 things)?
4. asynchronous (everyone in the audience receives info at the same time)
6. narrowcasted (target content to smaller audiences)
Out of these screenings - Dr. Horrible's Singalong Blog (DHSB), Misadventures of Awkward Black Girl (MABG), H+, Marble Hornets (MH), and Lizzie Bennett Diaries (LBD) - Which ones are big budget? Small budget? How can you tell? What's the story of each? How do they speak to the possibilities of what Web series can offer in terms of diverse representation?
Production value from least to most expensive: MH, LBD, MABG, H+/DHSB
- MH: lost tapes/ Slenderman sightings
- LBD: misfit sister whose mom wants her to find love
- MABG: unstereotypical black girl's daily life
- H+: futuristic implant that gives your body phone/ internet capabilities
- DHSB: "villain" who wants to find love and defeat his enemy
Each speaks to a different audience.
From the Milzoff article: How was Catfish's marketing generate questions about the film's "truth"?
it's being sold as a "reality thriller" with the tagline "not based on a true story...not inspired by true events...just true"
From the Morrissey article: How have critics questioned the authenticity of Catfish? What footage was left on the cutting room floor?
- they've questioned the authenticity Nev's feelings for "Megan", suggesting he knew she was fake all along
- they've questioned Nev's facial expression when confronting Angela
- filmmakers didn't put in research/ Google/ background check "Megan" and her family
- Aimee Gonzales's interview was cut from the film
When it comes to managing context within a given site and through the use of multiple sites what does Boyd says matters?
What are the norms of social media shaped by?
network effects; peers influence one another about how to use a particular site and then help collectively to create the norms of that site
How is the girl who is a fan of One Direction different online than she is with her friends at school?
she created a separate context - and thus a separate digital persona - for talking with fellow fans
- she used different media to interact with her different social groups
Why is it hard to get a handle on who participates on 4chan?
most of the content produced on the site is shared anonymously
How does story help construct the world in specific ways?
a story has a POINT, has STRUCTURE, and EXISTS WITHIN A CULTURAL VOCAB OF UNDERSTANDABLE THEMES w/ which we can RELATE
- it engages the audience and creates overshadowing narratives to distract
What characteristics do stories have to incorporate to be captivating?
- shared values
- the ability for an audience to feel in control
Why did we talk about Kim Kardashian?
she had a captivating story that was shared through the usage (and lack of) social media
How has Catfish been described instead of as a documentary?
a reality thriller
What examples in class did we go over to discuss captivating stories?
Kim Kardashian West vs. Foreign Policy
We watched Catfish in class. Review your notes on the place of technology and youth. What is the twist of the film? What kinds of technology (social media, geography, communication, videos, etc) did they use in the film? Also which type of documentary approach Catfish best illustrates (can be more than one).