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Terms in this set (10)
Antianxiety Agents (actions)
Collectively target the CNS through targeting dopamine and serotonin within the brain
Antianxiety Agents (side effects)
Drowsiness, sedation, withdrawal symptoms including rebound anxiety
Antidepressant Agents (actions)
These agents attempt to normalize neurotransmission activity, classified as Tricyclic, Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI), and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), as well as other agents
Antidepressant Agents (Tricyclic, SSRI, MAOI, Other) (side effects)
vary by class of drugs and by specific agents; sedation, blurred vision, tachycardia, dry mouth, insomnia, weight gain, sexual dysfunction.
Antipsychotic Agents (actions)
reduces the overactivity of dopamine typically transmitted in areas such as the limbic system
Antipsychotic Agents (side effects)
traditional agents produce increased extraphyramidal (motor) side effects, tardive dyskinesia, pseudoparkinsonism, akathisia, sedation, constipation, dry mouth, atypical agents can produce substantial weight gain, DM, hyperlipidemia
Bipolar Disorder Agents (actions)
prevention of manic episodes in order to avoid the extreme mood swings that follow. The primary agent used in this treatment is lithium. Certain antiseizure and antipsychotic medications may assist as mood stabilizers with bipolar disorder.
Bipolar Disorder Agents (aide effects)
in general, gastrointestinal distress, tardive dyskinesia, fatigue, confusion, ataxia, nystagmus, lethargy, tremor, parkinsonism, seizures, diabetic insipidus, toxicity, coma, risk of death.
Sedative-hypnotic Agents (Benzodiazepine and Non-benzodiazepine) (actions)
sedative produce calming and relaxation while hypnotic agents induce sleep
Sedative-hypnotic Agents (Benzodiazepine and Non-benzodiazepine) (side effects)
residual effects can produce drowsiness and decreased motor performance, anterograde amnesia, tolerance, dependency, rebound insomnia with withdrawal: barbiturates are highly addictive and can be fatal.
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