Terms in this set (21)
13th century Venetian who wrote about his adventures and China's great riches
Prince Henry the Navigator
Prince of Portugal who established an observatory and school of navigation at Sagres and directed voyages that spurred the growth of Portugal's colonial empire.
Portuguese explorer; the first European to reach the southern tip of Africa in 1488.
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer who led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route.
Italian navigator in 1492 sailed from Spain planned to reach east by sailing west, failed and discovered the New World
Italian explorer who publicized the discovery of the New World; America was named after
Portugese sea captain first to circumnavigate the world
Vasco de Balboa
Spanish explorer who became the first European to see the Pacific Ocean while exploring Panama
Ponce de Leon
Spanish explorer who landed on the coast of modern-day Florida and claimed it for Spain
Spanish Conquistador who defeated and conquered the Aztec Empire
Spanish conquistator who conquered the Incas in Peru
Hernando de Soto
Spanish Conquistador who explored west of Florida to the Mississippi with six hundred men in search of gold; discovered the Mississippi River
Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet
French Canadian explorers who traveled south down the Mississippi River and claimed the area for France, named it Louisiana after King Louis XIV
English navigator who discovered the Hudson River and helped form New Amsterdam
Portuguese explorer who claimed present day Brazil for Portugal and created trading ports and colonies
English explorer who claimed Newfoundland for England while looking for Northwest Passage
First English explorer and admiral to circumnavigate the globe
French sailor, sailed up the St. Lawrence River to the present site of Montreal. Claimed much of eastern Canada for France
Viking explorer believed to be the first European to reach the New World
Franscisco Vasquez de Coronado
Spanish explorer who searched for one of the Seven cities of Gold through what is now Mexico and the American Southwest
Robert de La Salle
Sailed down the Mississippi River for France claiming the whole region for the King Louis and naming the area "Louisiana" after him.