history midterm #2 dates
Terms in this set (8)
Significance: Fragmentation of Roman empire (early 5th century)—resulted into the withdrawal of Roman from Britain (Suffolk)—so with no organized military force to protect the wealthy—many fled burying their wealth.
Significance: It was built on Rome's most southerly frontier (Syene, near Aswan)
25 BC Invasion of army of Sudanese kingdom of Meroë, led by the fierce one-eyed queen Candace--captured a series of Roman forts and towns in southern Egypt
Took our statue back to the city of Meroë and buried the severed head beneath the steps of a temple dedicated to victory.
Significance: Significance: So Abd al-Malik himself was stamped on this first overtly Islamic coinage. The leader of the faithful had ousted and replaced the emperors of Byzantium. But something quite unexpected happened to those coins with Abd al-Malik standing on them. After a few years they simply vanished. During the Hijri year 77 (AD 697), the standing caliph coin was suddenly replaced with a design that could hardly be more different. There is no caliph, no figure, only words. It is a defining moment for Islamic public art. From now on no human image would be used in such a public arena for well over a thousand years.
Significance: Probably made in Samarkand: The cup's handle is a splendid Chinese dragon—but the inscription - Ulugh Beg Kuragan - carved into the cup is in Arabic script (Islamic empire).
Significance: Related to The Arabian Nights.
Significance: Cultural Openness --> Foreign rulers, the Mongols; foreign materials, Muslim blue; and foreign markets, Iran and Iraq - all played an essential, if paradoxical, part in the creation of what to many outside China is still the most Chinese of objects, blue and white porcelain
Significance: immediately recognized as supreme documents of a culture that had left no written record, and they embody the history of an African kingdom that was one of the most advanced and urbanized of its day.
Leo Frobenius couldn't believe that Africans were capable of this type of artwork and went as far to say that it came from Atlantis.
Significance: Islamic forbiddance on the use of religious image—generated debate within Byzantine empire—to win God's favor back—iconoclasm