40 terms

Burr 4th Grade - Botany

Botany vocabulary Parts I & II
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Terms in this set (...)

anther
the male part of a flower, which makes pollen
bulb
a short, underground stem, surrounded by thick colorless leaves. When a bulb is fully grown it reproduces. Ex. onions, tulips, lilies
carbon dioxide
a gas from the air that enters the plant through the leaves
chlorophyll
the green pigment that absorbs energy from sunlight for use in photosynthesis
cutting
a plant that will grow if you cut a stem or leaf from the plant. If it is placed in water or soil, roots will grow. Ex. geraniums
egg
an oval or round body covered by a shell by which some animals reproduce
filament
is the long thin tube on the stamen that supports the anther
glucose
the sugar produced by the process of photosynthesis
ovary
the female organ that produces eggs
ovule
the part of a plant that forms a seed
oxygen
a gas that plants give off to help animals breathe
petals
the colored or shoy part of many flowers
photosynthesis
the process by which green plants use sunlight to change carbon dioxide and water into food and oxygen
pistil
the female part of the flower where the seed grows
pollen
the yellow powder found in the flowers that is needed to make seeds
pollination
the transfer of pollen from the stamen of one flower to the pistil of another flower
receptacle
the base of the flower just on top of the stem, it hold the flower in place
runner
plants that have special kinds of stems which grow outward and close to the ground. Ex. strawberry
botany
the scientific study of plants. It deals with the structure, growth, and diseases of plant life
control
the part of an experiment that stays the same
cotyledon
the stored food in a seed
embryo
the undeveloped plant in the seed
flowers
they help the plants reproduce, or make more plants
germination
when a seed begins to grow or sprout
leaves
they make the food for a plant to live and grow
mature plant
a fully developed plant
nutrient
a valuable or nourishing part of food
reproduce
to produce again
root
the main function is to provide anchorage or support for the plant
root hairs
they collect water and minerals from the soil and bring it to the roots
seed
the part of a plant that can develop and grow into a new plant
seedling
a young plant grown from a seed
seed coat
the outside covering of a seed
stems, stalks, or trunks
they carry the water and minerals to the leaves
stem
the main part of a plant that grows up from the ground, holds up the plant
stalk
the main thick stem of a plant
variable
the one part of the experiment that is changed or is being tested
veins and midrib
the tubes that make up a plant's transport system
volume
the amount of space an object takes up: usuall a liquid. Unit of measurement - milliliter, liter, cup, pint, quart, & gallon
*Full Flower Image
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