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EGP 335 Social Studies Exam 1
Terms in this set (57)
What is the rationale behind teaching social studies?
To help students develop social understanding and civic efficacy (the ability to think and act as a democratic citizen in a diverse nation and an interdependent world)
systematically created, interpreted, critiqued, and revised continually in a never-ending process of discipline (not random)
What is NCSS & who is part of it?
National Council for the Social Studies.
IT is the largest association in the country devoted solely to social studies education. It engages and supports educators in strengthening and advocating social studies. It has members in all 50 states, DC and 69 foreign countries
Human beings create, learn, share, and adapt to culture, they are dynamic and change over time (should provide experiences that provide for the study of culture and cultural diversity)
Time, Continuity, and Change
Providing the study of the past and its legacy, makes it possible for us to understand the human story across time, analyze the causes of consequences
People, Places, and Environments
Enables us to understand the relationship between human populations and the physical world, learners develop an understanding of spatial perspectives, and examine changes in the relationship between people, places, and environments
Individual Development and Identity
Personal identity is shaped by an individual's culture, by groups, and experiences, will help students describe factors important to the development of personal identity
Individuals, Groups, and Institutions
What controls and how influences are formed, what controls and influences them, identify those institutions that they encounter
Power, Authority, and Governance
Relationships between individual rights and responsibilities, the needs of social groups and concepts of a just society
Production, Distribution, and Consumption
People have wants that often exceed the limited resources available to them
Science, Technology, and Society
Science and its practical application, technology, have had a major influence on social and cultural change, and on the ways people interact with the world
Have intensified and accelerated the changes faced at the local, national, and international levels
Civic Ideals and Practices
An understanding of civic ideals and practices is critical to full participation in society and is an essential component of education for citizenship which is the central purpose of social studies
What is the scope and sequence of a curriculum?
The scope of the program refers to the subject matter, the knowledge, values and attitudes and skills that the program is to include
The sequence is the order in which the various subject matters are to be presented
What is a spiral curriculum?
A powerful sequencing principle, ideas are first presented in a form and language (that) can be grasped by the child, ideas that can resisted later with greater precision and power until, finally, the student has achieved the reward of mastery
Why teach citizenship education? What is it?
Without democratic citizens, there can be no democracy. Citizenship education is educating children to become clear-thinking and enlightened citizens who participate in decisions concerning society
A discussion for the purpose of making a decision that will be binding on everyone, it means to weigh, it involves discussion because the alternatives are weighed with other people
What is active citizenship?
People getting involved in their local communities and democracy at all levels
Out of school lives of the children, community service activities, one way to help bridge citizenship learning in school is with citizenship experiences in the community and the world is through community service activities
Role of religion in a constitutional democracy and its role in the SS curriculum?
Teaching about religion is necessary, faith and belief are what churches, temples, and mosques can offer; educations what schools can do. It is important to teach about religion as a dynamic force of history and culture
What does historical reasoning mean?
Absorbing for teaching history
Exposure to narratives others have constructed, depth of understanding is encouraged
Doing for teaching history
Constructing historical narratives themselves helps students do the historical works themselves, students are helped to compose historical interpretations using primary sources, artifacts, and secondary sources
The subject which students learn stories about the past, learn how these stories are created, learn that these stories are created differently by different people, and learn to create these stories themselves, as historians do. The key to teaching is to expose children to historical narratives that others have written or told and the other is helping children to write and tell historical narratives of their own making
Writing about Earth, we learn about the arrangement of interaction of people and places on Earth. It brings the physical and the human together and shows how they influence one another, back and forth
The study of production, distribution, exchange, and consumption of the goods and services that people need or want under conditions of scarcity
Field of study that is concerned with power, authority, and fairness
Thought of as a unifying social science because it is the study of human beings in their cultures and environments. It is unique in its steadfast concentration on the idea of culture
Broad social science that is especially concerned with social organization- the way that people organize themselves into groups, subgroups, and social classes and institutions
What are some skills associated with teaching geography?
People everywhere want to make sense of their lives, they want to know the nature of the world and their place in it, humans want to understand the world they're in and geography helps them know where they are
human interacting on Earth, humans occupy places unevenly across the facebook of Earth
Concept of teaching students to read and interpret data in graphs and charts
Charts and graphs are widely used to present ideas in a vivid and forceful way. They illustrate relationships among quantities
Should we teach current events and controversial issues? What are some methods described by Parker and in class?
Current events and controversial issues should be taught in the classroom, without it children are not likely to form citizenship dispositions that are critically important to the health of their communities such as civic-mindedness and initiative. It promotes the habit of awareness and interest in current events and social problems.
Daily discussions of the news
Use of the newspaper
Decisions making controversial issues
Teaching about different kinds of controversy
Writing about issues
Purpose for a planned current events program in the elementary/middle school classroom? How can you plan for current events? What makes teaching current events difficult?
Promotes the habit of awareness and interest in current events and social problems
Refinement of these skills is the second purpose
Interpreting the news, discriminating between important and less important news items, taking a position on issues based on knowledge and critical evaluation of the facts, predicting likely consequences of different positions
Compare and Contrast common methods of including current events instruction in the classroom
Teaching current events in addition to social studies- has the advantage of providing a regularly scheduled time for news each day and for the classroom periodical each week, can be useful in building awareness and interest in current events and in teaching the skills of reading and interpreting news stories
Using current events to supplement or reinforce regular social studies programs- more explicit in making the connection between current events and the regular curriculum. Has the advantage of motivating greater student interest in the curriculum world scene, but has the disadvantage of restricting the rang of news stories that are appropriate
Using current events as the basis for social studies units-advantage of being highly motivating because it deals with subject matter that is of immediate interest, it also bridges schooling learning with life outside school. It also provides students with information that they are very likely do not have and helps them build a knowledge about history and politics, peoples and places, climate and environment, each new current event is a little less surprising and a little more comprehensible
What is an enduring public issue?
Controversial issues that do not simply go away when the current event ends, the current event is most recent incident in a long stream of incidents related to the enduring issue (poverty, justice, peace, etc.)
What are some things to consider when creating a learning environment for having debates in class?
Controversies- allow them to turn into discussion
What is the role of the teacher in planning a unit?
Curriculum planner: what social studies knowledge, skills, attitudes and values are essential?
Assessment planner: what evidence will assure us that the essentials have been learned?
Activity planner: what activities will engage my students both hands on and minds on, for a sustained period of time?
Resource planner: what resources do I need, what resources will students need, where are they, and how do I get them?
What are the three types of teacher knowledge? How do they relate to unit planning?
Study the curriculum guide and talk about it with colleagues
Frame learning objectives (determine desired results of study)
Role of objectives in lesson plans
Should not describe learning activities (means), but the purposes (ends) of having children engage in activities. They should focus on worthy learning targets, also they should not be too small nor too great in scope
How do you align assessments with content and objectives?
Assessment is an integral part of curriculum and instruction, not an afterthought; it must be woven into the fabric of curriculum and instruction. This means that instructional objectives should alway be framed with assessment in mind and vice versa. The broader the objective is, while still measurable, the more useful it will be to you because you can be guided by a realistic and measurable set of targets
END OF UNIT
What drives a unit and lesson planning?
Enrichment of units; Literacy instruction
Previewing and swimming before reading and summarizing and note taking after reading are key skills for these information searches
Enrichment of units; Higher-order thinking skills
Deliberation, concept formation, inquiry, interpretation
Enrichment of units; construction activities
These give countless opportunities for imagination, thinking and planning as well for creative expression, socialization, making and using tools, physical activity and the development of coordination
Enrichment of units; simulations and role playing
Deepens students' understanding through experience
Enrichment of units; music and drama
Add meaning and firsthand experience to social studies learning
What are primary sources?
These are first hand artifacts of what was actually written/created
Well-stated objectives in lessons and units allow teachers and students to...
Clearly understand how instructional activities relate to the purpose of study
Attitude and values
directed less at cognitive knowledge and more at emotion, feeling, and beliefs about right and wrong
identifies what students should know how to do, a skill is also called "know-how" or procedural knowledge
how they form and change, an area that displays unity in terms of selected criteria
all places on Earth have advantages and disadvantages for human settlement
position on Earth's surface, absolute and relative location are two ways of describing the positions of people and places on Earth's surface
physical and human characteristics, all places on Earth have distinctive characteristics, some tangible and some intangible
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