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114 terms

MAA 2 chapter 12 13 14

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bronchioles
small branches of the tubes leading into the lungs
aplastic anemia
failure of blood cell production due to absence of formation of cells in the bone marrow
interferons
anti-viral proteins secreted by t cells
cervic/o
neck
-pathy
disease
diaphragm
muscle separating the chest and abdomen(s)
thalassemia
inherited defect in ability to produce hemoblobin(s)
plasma cells
transformed B cells that secrete antibodies
lymphaden/o
lymph node
inter-
between
aveolus
air sac in the lung
pernicious anemia
lack of mature RBCs due to inability to absorb vitamin b12 into the body
axill/o
armpit
-oid
resembling
palatine tonsil
one pair of masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx
epiglottis
lid-like piece of cartilage covering the larynx
hemochromatosis
excessive deposits of iron throughout the body
splen/o
spleen
-megaly
enlargement
nares
openings through the nose carrying air into the air passageways
larynx
voice box
acute lymphocytic leukemia
pallor, shortness of breath, infection, bleeding gums, predominance of immature and abnormally function leukocytes and low numbers of mature neutrophils
-edema
swelling
-poiesis
formation
hemophilia
excessive bleeding caused by congenital lack of Factor VIII of IX
bronchiectasis
widening of the bronchial tubes
neutropenia
deficiency in number of WBCs
neck
location of cervical nodes
toxins
poisons(antigens)
dyspnea
difficult, painful breathing
erythroblast
immature RBC
thrombocytopenia
deficiency of clotting cells
chest
location of the mediastinal nodes
cytotoxic cells
t-cell lymphocytes that directly kill foriegn cells; t8 cells
anosmia
absence of a sense of smell
myeloid
derived from bone marrow
coagulation
process of clotting
suppressor T cells
t-cells lymphocytes that inhibit the activity of B cell lymphocytes
pyothorax
pus in the chest(between the membranes around the lung)
hemolysis
breakdown of recipient's RBCs when incompatible blood are mixed
macrophage
large cell that engulfs foreign material and worn RBCs
immunoglobulins
antibodies-- IgG, IgE, IgM, IgD
expiration
breathing out(exhalation)
tracheotomy
incision of the windpipe
iron-deficiency anemia
sideropenia occurs causing deficient production of hemoglobin
neutrophil
WBC that destroy foreign material by phagocytosis
helper t cells
t-cell lymphocytes; aid b cells and antibody production; t4 cells
hemolytic anemia
reduction in RBCs due to excessive cell destruction
thoracotomy
incision of the chest
electrphoresis
method of separating out plasma and proteins by electrical charge
platelet
clotting cell
lymph capillaries
tiniest of lymph vessels
thym/o
thymus gland
epiglottis
flap of cartilage over the windpipe
antigens
foreign material that invades the body
poikilocytosis
abnormal shape of RBCs, disorder of red blood cell morphology
right lymphatic duct
large lymph vessel in the chest that drains lymph from right upper part of the body
immun/o
protection
pharyngeal
pertaining to the throat
bilirubin
pigment produced from hemoglobin when RBCs are destroyed(s)
leukapheresis
separation of WBCs
interstitual fluid
fluid that lies between cells and becomes lymph as it enters lymph capillaries
laryngeal
pertaining to the voice box
pneumonectomy
resection of a lung
hematopoietic stem cell
an undifferential blood cell
heparin
anticoagulant found in tissues and blood
groin
location for inguinal nodes
pleuritis
inflammation of the membrane lining of the lungs
bronchiollitis
inflammation of the small broncial tubes
armpit
location of axillary nodes
hypercapnia
condition of increased carbon dioxide in the blood
eosinophil
WBC with reddish granules;numbers increase in allergic reactions
lymph nodes
stationary lymph tissue along the path of lymph vessles
cilia
this hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract
inguin/o
groin
mediastinum
space in the chest between the lungs
fibrin
protein threads that form the basis of a clot
thoracic duct
large thoracic lymph vessel draining lymph from lower and left side of the body
base of the lung
lower portion of the lung
tox/o
poison
pulmonary parenchyma
essential tissue of the lung
myeloma
tumor of bone marrow
spleen
organ near the stomach that produces, stores and eliminates blood cells
bronchi
branches of the trachea leading to the lungs
fibrinogen
clotting protein in blood
rhinoplasty
surgical repair of the nose
erythropoiesis
formation of RBCs
adenoids
mass of lymph tissue in the nasopharynx
hemoptysis
spitting up blood
bronchodilator
drug that opens up(widens) the bronchial tube
thymus
organ in the mediastinum that produces T cell lymphocytes
apex of the lung
tip or uppermost portion of the lung
spirometer
instrument to measure breathing
inspiration
breathing in(inhalation)
glottis
slit-like opening to the voice box
pharynx
throat
coagulation
venous blood is blotted in a test tube
hematocrit
sample of blood is spun so that RBCs fall to the bottom and percentage of RBCs is taken
RBC morphology
blood smear is examined dto determine the shape or form of cells
albumin
blood protein
neutrophil
WBC that destroys foreign material by phagocytosis
pernicious anemia
lack of mature RBCs owing to inability to absorb vitamin b12
palliative
relieving symptoms but not curing
myelogenous
produced in bone marrow
immunoglobulin
protein with antibody activity
polycythemia vera
increase in RBCs
inter-
between
-penia
deficiency
hyper-
excessive
-phylaxis
protection
retro-
backward
paranasal sinuses
one of the air cavities in the bone near the nose
lobe of the lung
division of the lung
hilium of the lung
midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs