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Politics of the United States
Constitution Convention - 7-2
Terms in this set (20)
The meeting of state delegates in 1787 in Philadelphia called to revise the Articles of Confederation. It instead designed a new plan of government, the US Constitution.
President of the Constitutional Convention; elected the 1st President of the United States in 1789.
America's first Vice-President and second President. Sponsor of the American Revolution in Massachusetts.
American public official, writer, scientist, and printer. After the success of his Poor Richard's Almanac (1732-1757), he entered politics and played a major part in the American Revolution. Franklin negotiated French support for the colonists, signed the Treaty of Paris (1783), and helped draft the Constitution (1787-1789). He was the oldest delegate at the Convention. His numerous scientific and practical innovations include the lightning rod, bifocal spectacles, and a stove.
Delegate to the Constitutional Convention and leader of the Federalists; first Secretary of the Treasury.
father of the Constitution; leading federalist; author of the Bill of Rights; later 4th President of the US.
plan at the constitutional convention that called for a strong national government with three branches and a two-house legislature based on population; favored by the large states.
Proposed the Virginia Plan; refused to sign the Constitution.
New Jersey Plan
Opposite of the Virginia Plan, it proposed a single-chamber congress in which each state had one vote. This created a conflict with representation between bigger states, who wanted control befitting their population, and smaller states, who didn't want to be bullied by larger states.
Proposed New Jersey Plan
To settle a disagreement by having each side give up something
He helped draft the Great Compromise that determined how states would be represented in Congress.
the agreement by which Congress would have two houses, the Senate (where each state gets equal representation-two senators) and the House of Representatives (where representation is based on population).
agreement to settle the dispute between the Northern and Southern states at the Constitutional Convention over slaves counting for representation in the House of Representative in Congress; said 3/5 of slaves in the state's population would count for representation. It also banned the slave trade in 20 years and created a fugitive slave law protecting runaway slaves from being forced back into slavery by Southern plantations owners.
September 17, 1787
The United States Constitution is adopted by the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.
Was one of the strongest supporters of the bill of rights.(was from Virginia) In 1776, he had written the bill of rights for Virginia's constitution. After the Constitutional Convention refused to include a bill of rights, Mason joined the Anitfederalists and refused to sign Constitution.
From Massachusetts and one of the three delegates who refused to sign the Constitution.
the branch of the United States government that is responsible for carrying out the laws; President, Vice President, and Cabinet
the branch of government that makes the laws; Congress made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate
The branch of government that interprets/judges the laws; Supreme Court and all other courts
Recommended textbook explanations
United States Government: Democracy In Action
Richard C. Remy
United States Government: Principles in Practice
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Magruder's American Government
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