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Science (Unit 4: Plant Structure & Function - Lesson 1: Plant Parts & Function - Quiz 10/27 Evans)
Terms in this set (30)
the part of the plant that grows down into the soil
the part of the plant that captures sunlight
this part of the plant grows away from the ground and helps keep the plant upright.
this part of the plant attracts insects.
they absorb water and nutrients from the soil
they support leaves and help plants stay upright
they capture sunlight and help make food in the form of sugar.
they attract insects and are involved in reproduction.
Both protect plants from animals
How are thorns on a flower and spines on a cactus similar?
Develop seeds for reproduction
Which function do roots not perform? Absorb water from soil, anchor a plant in place, develop seeds for reproduction, absorb nutrients from soil?
taproot (part of plant growth)
a ____ can get water from deep underground, and they do well in droughts. They can also store food.
Fibrous roots (part of plant growth)
These can quickly absorb water and nutrients near the soil's surface. They also stop soil erosion.
flat leaf (part of plant growth)
this large, ________ captured sunlight. Having lots of leaves in spring and summer helps the plant absorb more sunlight and make more good.
needles (part of plant growth)
the _____ of evergreens such as pine trees gather sunlight for the plant to make food. Their shape and waxy coating reduce water loss during dry weather.
cones (part of plant reproduction)
plants such as pine trees make ______ instead of flowers. Male ____ release pollen that pollinates female _____. Female ______ then hold seeds until they are ready to be released. New plants grow from seeds that land in places with the right conditions.
spores (part of plant reproduction)
other types of plants use _______ to reproduce. once they are released, they are carried by wind. if they land in a place with the right conditions, new plants will grow.
flowers (part of plant reproduction)
plants such as dandelions and apple trees produce _______. it has different parts that are involved in reproduction, including petals and the pollen-producing stamen. Many of these attract animals that move pollen from one plant to another.
thorns (part of plant protection)
some plants, such as roses, have thorns with sharp, pointed ends that can injure an animal that tries to eat the plant.
bro (part of plant protection)
tough, which ____ prevents many animals from eating trees and shrubs. It also helps reduce infections caused by fungi or bacteria getting into a plant.
spines (part of plant protection)
plants, such ac cacti, that live in dry areas have leaves shaped liked _____. An animal that tries to eat a spiny plant will likely be injured.
respond to light
Plants __________________. Plants need sunlight to make food, so a house plant that sits in front of a window will grow toward the light. If a plant isn't turned regularly, it will become very lopsided.
response to gravity
the roots of plants grow down toward the center of Earth in _____________________. The stem of a plant grows in the opposite direction, away from the center of Earth.
response to touch
Some plants ____________________. A leaf might curl up to protect a plant from damage or from being eaten. a Venus flytrap clasps its leaves closed if an insect touches the fine hairs on the inside of the leaves. For plants that eat insects, this is an important _________________________.
inside a plant stem is a system of ______ where water that is taken in from the roots moves through the tubes into the plant's leaves so they leaves can use the water to make food.
Sugar made in a plant's leaves moves through a system of _________. These tubes travel from the leaves, throughout the plant, and drown to the roots. Some plant roots, like carrots, store extra sugar produced by the plant.
study review questions #3, #4, #5
study review questions #3, #4, #5
bark, spines, thorns
Which parts of a plant help protect it from animals? bark, leaves, spines, thorns?
plants respond to ___________ when they make food.
some plants respond to _____________ when they trap food.
in response to ______, plant parts bend so each part is in the right position to do its special job.
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