79 terms

Test 5 Manifest destiny

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Manifest Destiny
1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent to the Pacific, all of North America, and carribean islands.
Santa fe, Mexico
Most of the time native and Americans lived separately this was an exception. This happened since the Mexicans got along with natives and Americans just followed their influence when they took over
Industrial Revolution
Improvements in industrial technology changing the manufacturing process
1. made traveling faster
2. Goods can reach people faster and catalogues are used
3. National community feeling, want to expand westward (manifest destiny)
Oregon Trail 1840
Trail from independence Missouri to Oregon used by many pioneers during the 1840s
1. 50,00 people traveled and only 10 percent died (5,000)
2. took oxes so had to be constantly close to water (oxes carried a heavier load)
3. Missouri River, Plat, and South past
4. Lasted 7 months and ran 2,000 miles by wagon
South Pass
gap in the rocky mountains discovered by Jedidiah smith. Oregon Trail wouldve failed without it. (had access to water)
Mountain Men
Trappers and explorers who opened up the western pioneer trails. Guided people in the Oregon Territory
John Louis O'Sullivan
Coins phase manifest destiny
Daniel Webster
Northern pro-tariff, anti-slavery congressman from Massachusetts. became secretary of state
Ashburton Treaty
Settles boundary of Maine, was made by Daniel Webster
1800-1850
America Triples in size and so does the economy and power
Gadsen Purchase
us payed mexico 10 million for a strip of land from new mexico and western arizona. Was all desert. We did it since we want 3 continental railroads.
Justification for taking Oregon Territory
To make it a Democratic Republic
Theocratic Government
Religious government down west led by Mormons
Top Killers at the Oregon Trail
1. Desiese
Colonials pooped in rivers and cause dysentery
2. Dehydration
2. Drowning
3. shooting themselves by accident
4. Native Americans
Manifest Destiny
1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent. included all of North America, islands, carribean, and central America
William Walker
Wanted Nicaragua to be a part of the u.s. Took over Nicaragua and asked to be a part of the states. U.s said no due to slave issues
Missouri Compromise
also known as the Missouri compromise. Settled the conflict that had arisen from Missouri's application for statehood. Set an imaginary line that determined the statehood of new states. (51st paralel)
Henry Clay
The great compromiser. Persuaded Congress to adopt the Missouri Compromise.
Japan Foreigner rules
No foreigners allowed in Japan.
Japanese-American
Squad of American ships go to Tokyo Harbor to spread American relationships with other countries. Caused Japan to try and step up and be as strong as America
Commercial Manifest Destiny
Expand trade and relationships
John Freemont
...
The Bear Flag Republic
Cali was it's own country before for two years until people came to run it.
California Rebellion
When u.s declared war on Mexico California rebels. John Freemont then takes over cali without a shot
1848-1849
Gold Rush in California, population boom and became very diverse. People who sold to miners made the most money
Mining camps
mostly men, high crime, dangerous. Few women who were mostly prostitutes
Osteph manifesto
Means we spread to Cuba as well
slave power conspiracy
feared by North, the belief that slave owners (southern oligarchy) wanted to spread slavery over all of America
Ogligarchy
Select few leaders
Compromise of 1850
basis of sectional peace for decade before civil war. Stated the people in the territory can vote for slavery or not. Brought in California and made the Missouri compromise void since half of cali was below the 51st paralel. South wants stricter fugitive slave laws
Fugitive Slave Act
Made it a crime to help runaway slaves.
Creates armed resistance by slaves.
Toms cabin
Written by Harriet Beacher Stowe and puts a negative light to slavery. Comes out around the time the fugitive slave laws do and is necessary to abolition
Prior to 1860
Free slaves had their own communities
Fredrick Douglas
leading African American abolitionist; accomplished orator and writer.
William Lloyd Garrison
an abolitionists who stimulated the antislavery movement. white, wrote the first abolitionist newspaper, the liberator
Eli Lovejoy
Antislavery preacher got killed
Theodore Weld
husband, helped write "American Slavery". A writer
Dredd Scott v Sanford
Slaves are property, once a slave always a slave even if they go to a free state. Holds souths argument, right to property
Bleeding Kansas
Violence broke out the day Kansas voted on the slave issue. South wins (becomes a slave state)
Lecompton Constitution
pro-slavery constitution suggested for Kansas' admission to the union - rejected. Supported by Buchanan opposed by Steven Douglas, lead to more blood shed.
John Brown
Abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia. Got arms for slaves but slaves didn't come due to risk and location. Spring field Massachusetts.
Robert E. Lee
a talented military leader and general of the confederate army. Was sent to recover the weapons from John Brown
Liberty Party
This was the political party of 1844 that opposed slavery. 1840
electon of 1860
Lincoln wins with the smallest majority ever (37 percent)
Beckin Ridge
Southern Democrat who wants to extend slavery into the territories
Douglas
Northern Democrat who wanted popular sovereignty
Division Of the parties
Whigs and Democratic Republicans spilt into pro slavery and anti slavery which then split into anti slavery with the Republicans and Democrats were the pro slavery.
Free Soil Party
A political party dedicated to stopping the expansion of slavery
Election of 1860
south - Beckin Ridge - Slavery is ok in slave states

North - demo - Douglas - Popular sovereignty determines slavery

Republicans - Lincoln - No Slavery in the territories

Constitution - Bell - SPT Slavery Everywhere

Lincoln Gets Elected
slavery Division
67 percent for, 33 against
Stephen A. Douglas
Made the concept popular sovereignty to appeal to both north and south (pro, anti slavery) but still didn't get elected. Also wanted a rail road from Chicago all the way west
American Railroad
America art went from the east coast to the west coast
Hudson River School
First real school of american art
Students of The Hudson River School of art
1. George Caitlan
2. Karl Boomer
3. Albert Beirstein
4. Thomas Moran

Western Landscape art
Civil Disobedience
A nonviolent, public refusal to obey allegedly unjust laws. Believed in by transcendentalists reasoned "if you think a law is unjust it is your right and duty to oppose It." "person has the right to oppose an immoral government".
David Thoreau
Doesn't pay taxes in protest to the Mexican war, many facts point to him just being cheap
Walt Whitman
coined the term Melting pot
Salad Bowl
modern term for the mixing of cultures, was previously Melting pot and modern man
Wilmot Proviso 1846
Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico. Divides the parties, causes compromise if 1850 since this practically went back on the Missouri compromise
The Great compromise
Compromise in 1850 that determined if a state was a slave state or not.
South Cedes
Lincoln breaks constitution by outlawing slavery in certain places
Slavery
Congress was unwilling to deal with slavery at a national level
Young Americans
Democrats who wanted to expand America to Cuba and Mexico
Preston Brooks (Northerner)
Defended his uncle by beating a man with a cane in the Senate. North approved and sent him many canes afterwards
Charles Sumner (Southerner)
A senator who was beaten with a cane in congress for his criticism of slavery.
Republicans
1. against slavery in the territories
2. against popular sovereignty
3. against manifest destiny
Democrats
for slavery in the territories
Kansas Nebraska Act
Created Kansas and Nebraska with popular sovereignty.
Lewis Cass
1848 Democratic candidate known as the Father of Popular Sovereignty
Missouri Compromise Provisions
1. Main enters as a free state
2. States below the 31st Paralell become free states except for Missouri
3. Missouri can't deny free African Americans their constitutional rights
4. Causes balance on Senate
Manumission
A grant of legal freedom to an individual slave.
The Great Compromise Provisions
1. California added as a free state
2. Popular Sovereignty
3. Texas gives up territory to make new Mexico
4. Strict fugitive slave laws
5. Stronger fugitive slave laws

Henry clay wrote it and Steven Douglas pushed it.
Ostend Manifesto
Attempt to buy Cuba from Spain for $20 million - not carried out. Supported by young America.
Immigrants 1820 - 1850
Mostly Irish and Germans, Irish were poor and German came with Money.
Imigration
Creates Catholic schools called pereokeo schools.

creates ethnic social clubs

creates newspapers In diferent languages

creates the know nothings now the American party
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
...
Worcester vs Georgia
When Cherokee appealed to the supreme courts but, president jackson overlead the treaty
Senator Mayhammond
said cotton is king
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