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ANTH Chapter 11
Terms in this set (16)
The pattering of human interdependence in a given society through the actions and decisions of its members.
The part of the discipline of anthropology that debates issues of human nature that relate directly to the decisions of daily life and making a living.
Complex, variable, and enduring forms of cultural practices that organize social life.
Neoclassical Economic Theory
A formal attempt to explain the workings of capitalist enterprise, with particular attention to distribution.
An economic system dominate by the supply-demand-price mechanism called the "market"; an entire way of life that grew in response to and in service of the market.
Non-capitalist forms of economic exchange that are deeply embedded in social relations and always require a return gift.
Impersonal economic exchanges typical of the capitalist market in which goods are exchanged for cash and exchange partners need have nothing further to do with one another.
Modes of Exchange
Patterns according to which distribution takes place: reciprocity, redistribution, and market exchange.
The exchange of goods and services of equal value. Anthropologist distinguish three forms of reciprocity: generalized, in which neither the time nor the value of the return is specified; Balanced, in which a return of equal value is expected within a specified time limit; and negative, in which parties to the exchange hope to get something for nothing.
A mode of exchange that requires some form of centralized social organization to receive economic contributions from all members of the group and to redistribute them in such a ways as to provide for every group member.
The exchange of goods(trade) calculated in terms of multipurpose medium of exchange and standard value(money) and carried out by means of supply-demand mechanism (the market).
The activity of linking human social groups to the material world around them.
Mode of Production
A specific, historically occurring set of social relations through which labor is deployed to wrest energy from nature by means of skills, tools, organization & knowledge.
Means of Production
The tools, skills, organization, & knowledge used to extract from nature.
Relations of Production
The social relations linking the people who use a given means of production within a particular mode of production.
The condition of having more than enough of whatever is required to satisfy consumption needs.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
ANTH Chapter 13
ANTH Chapter 14
ANTH Chapter 1
ANTH EXAM 3
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