18 terms

NASM Chapter 6 Vocabulary

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Pronation distortion syndrome
characterized by flat feet and adducted and internally rotated knees (KNOCK KNEES)
Lower Crossed syndrome
characterized by an anterior tilt to pelvis (arched lower back)
Upper Crossed Syndrome
characterized by forward head and rounded shoulders
Kinectic Chain
5 checkpoints that refer to major regions of the body
Kinetic Chain Anterior View
Foot and ankles-straight and parallel not flattened or externally rotated
Knees-in line with toes not adducted or abbducted
LPHC-Pelvis level with both anterior superior iliac spines in same transverse plane
Shoulders-level not elevated or rounded
Head-neutral position not tilted nor rotated
Kinetic Chain Lateral View
Foot and ankles-neutral position leg vertical at right angel to sole of foot
Knees-not flexed or hyperextended
LPHC-Pelvis neutral position not anteriorly or posteriorly rotated
Shoulders-normal kyphotic curve, not excessively rounded
Head-neutral position not in excessive extension (jutting forward)
Kinetic Chain Posterior View
Foot and ankles-heels are straight and parallel not overly pronated
Knees-neutral position not adducted or abbducted
LPHC-Pelvis level with both posterior superior iliac spines in same transverse plane
Shoulders-level not elevated or protracted
Head-neutral position not tilted nor rotated
LPHC
Lumbo Pelvic Hip Complex
Static
NOT moving
Dynamic
Moving
Waist to Hip Ration
used for girth measurements (waist divided by hips)
BMI
Body Mass Index (used to tell if a persons weight is proportional to their height)
Durnin Womersley
Method used in class to determine body fat
Sites on body used for durnin womersley test
biceps, triceps, sub scapular, and lliac crest
Overhead Squat Assessment
Dynamic Assessment to test flexibility, core strength, balance and overall neuromuscular control. Starting position is arms raised overhead
Single Leg Squat Assessment
Dynamic Assessment to test flexibility, core strength balance and overall neuromuscular control. Starting position is hands on hips
Pushing Assessment
Dynamic Assessment where client stands with abdomen drawn inward, feet in split stance and toes pointing forward hint pg 146
Pulling Assessment
Dynamic Assessment where client stands with abdomen drawn inward, feet shoulders-width apart and toes pointing forward. hint pg 148