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8th Grade Fiction Vocabulary
Terms in this set (54)
The background information about the setting, characters, historical context, etc.
The events in a story that lead up to the climax.
The point in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the conflict reaches its greatest intensity.
The events that happen after the climax of a story.
How the conflict in the story is solved.
The story's main message about a universal idea or statement about life.
The main or central character of a work of literature. Usually the good guy.
The opponent or enemy of the main character, or protagonist.
The environment in which a story takes place, including the time period, the location, and the physical characteristics of the surroundings.
The sequence of events in a story.
A struggle between opposing forces. May be external (between the character and another person, society, nature, or technology) or internal (a struggle within the character).
A scene in a story that occurred before the present time in the story. Provide background information about events happening during the current narration. They may be presented as memories, dreams, or stories of the past told by characters.
Clues or hints about something that is going to happen later in the story. Used to build suspense and to prepare the reader for what happens later.
The author's attitude toward the subject matter or toward the reader or audience.
The feeling the reader gets from a work of literature.
Tells gives the main points in a text but does not include irrelevant details or opinions. Written in the order that they appear in the text.
An educated guess based on text evidence.
When two or more words in a group of words begin with the same sound (usually, the same letter or group of letters). For example: Anne's awesome apple; Fred's
frozen french fries. See also: figurative language.
A group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse. (the "paragraphs" of a poem)
The meaning that is implied by a word apart from the thing which it describes explicitly
Uses words in some manner other than for their literal meanings to make a comparison, add emphasis, or say something in a fresh and creative way. Examples include alliteration, hyperbole, idiom, imagery, metaphor, onomatopoeia, personification, and simile.
When two unlike things are compared—using like or as—in order to illuminate a particular quality or aspect of one of those things. For example, "Randy's voice is like melted chocolate."
The comparison of two unlike things to illuminate a particular quality or aspect of one of those things. For example, "Karen was a ray of sunshine."
A comparison of two things. For example, finger is to hand as toe is to foot. Finger:Hand::Toe:Foot.
Describing nonhuman animals, objects, or ideas
as though they possess human qualities or emotions. For example: "The moon smiled down at her," "I felt the cold hand of death on my shoulder," "There is a battle being fought in my garden between the flowers and the weeds."
An expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its individual words. For example, "It's raining cats and dogs."
Extreme exaggeration used for emphasis or effect; an extravagant statement that is not meant to be taken literally. For example: "I almost died of boredom."
Point of View
The perspective from which a story is told. In other words, who is telling the story—a character in the story or an outside narrator.
One who tells the story.
A story that is acted out on stage- a play.
The means through which an author reveals a character's personality. May be direct or indirect.
The author shows the reader or audience member what the character is like through (1) how the character looks, (2) what the character does, (3) what the character says, (4) what the character thinks, and (5) how the character affects other characters. From these five things, the reader or audience member understands the character's personality.
The writer or a narrator tells the reader what the character is like: "Ben was a quiet, serious boy."
The conversation between characters in a work of literature.
A character who undergoes a significant internal change over the course of a story. This may be a change in understanding, values, insight, etc.
Language that portrays sensory experiences, or experiences of the five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch.
When something happens that is the reverse of what you expected.
When the name or description of something implies the opposite of the truth.
Important character; a character who plays a large role in a story.
A character who does not play a large role in a story.
The use of words whose sounds imitate the sounds of what they describe, such as hiss, murmur, growl, honk, buzz, woof, etc.
First-Person Point of View
Where the narrator is a character in the story who describes things from his or her own perspective and refers to himself or herself as "I."
Third-Person Limited Point of View
Where the narrator is not a character in the story but the narrator can describe the experiences and thoughts of only one character in the story.
Third-Person Omniscient Point of View
Where the narrator is not one of the characters and is able to describe the experiences and thoughts of every character in the story.
A character who does not undergo a significant change over the course of a story.
An object, setting, event, animal, or person that on one level is itself, but that has another meaning as well. For example, the American flag is really a piece of fabric with stars and stripes on it, but it also represents the United States and ideals like freedom, patriotism, and pride.
To place two concepts, characters, ideas, or places near or next to each other so that the reader will compare and contrast them. This technique also may imply a link that is not necessarily real or to be trusted. The word comes from the Latin for "side by side."
When a literary work references another object outside of the work of literature. The object can be a real or fictional person, event, quote, or other work of artistic expression. It helps add emotions associated with other works to the current piece of literature due to the reader's prior associations.
The repetition of a vowel sound in non-rhyming words.
A consonant sound is repeated in words that are in close proximity. The repeated sound can appear anywhere in the words, unlike in alliteration where the repeated consonant sound must occur in the beginning of the word.
Repetition of similar sounds in two or more words
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
Rhyme that occurs within a line, rather than at the end
the pattern of rhyme in a poem (ex. ABAB)
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