29 terms

World War II

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appeasement
giving into aggressive demands in order to maintain peace. (Chamberlain for appeasement, Churchill against it)
Anchluss
German word for annexation (formal joining of one country to another)
- Invasion of Austria
Sudetenland
Land in Czechoslovakia given to Germany after Munich conference, in exchange, it is Hitler's last conquest
Lebensraum
- "living space"
Munich Conference
Representatives of major world powers (England, France, Germany, Italy) meet in Munich, Germany (1938)
Axis Powers
Germany, Japan, and Italy
Allied Powers
Britain, France, US, Soviet Union, China
Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister, (For appeasement)
Nonaggression Pact
-August 1939: Nazi-Soviet nonaggression pact
-Despite their opposite ideologies, Germany and Soviet Union agree not to attack each other and divide up any conquered territory in eastern Europe.. especially Poland
Blitzkrieg
"lighting War"- Germany launched attack on Poland (Marked the Start of WWII)
- Began with air attack
- Destroyed polish air force
- France and Britain declared war on Germany
- Poland defeated by Germany in Several weeks
- Blitzkrieg was a common war tactic used by Germany during WWII
Maginot Line
Line of Underground Quarters (French)
- Stretched 87 miles long
- Modernized trench system
Vichy France
- France signs armistice w/ Germany
- French "Gov." moves from paris to Vichy led by Marshall Petain (WWI hero, 82 yrs old)
- For the rest of the war, Vichy cooperated w/ Germany
Hideki Tojo
Japan's imperialist "Prim minister" eyes oil rich colonies in Pacific
Pearl Harbor
- naval base in HI
- Dec 7, 1941- Japanese attack began
- Dropped bombs over Pearl Harbor
- killed 7,400 americans, Lots of battleships damages
Franklin Roosevelt
32nd president of the United States; led US during the Great Depression and World War II
Isolationism
desire to avoid involvement in the affairs of other nations
Erwin Rommel
German general during WWII
- commanded Afrika Korps and was nicknamed the Desert Fox for his leadership
Kamikaze
Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft with bombs and crashed them into enemy ships
D-Day
-Allies finalize massive invasion of Europe by sea
- Jun 6, 1944 allies invade by july, broke German defense
- End august germans surrendered Paris
VE-Day
may 7th, Germans surrender, Soviet's 1st ones there
- War ends in Pacific
-VE - Victory in Europe Day
Harry Turman
US president after Roosevelt, Decided to drop atomic bomb in Japan
Atomic Bomb
- Manhattan project
- Hiroshima- August 61945, 100,000 dead
- Magasaki- August,9, 70,000 dead
- Emperor Hirohito Surrenders- August 15, 1945
VJ-Day
Emperor Hirohito Surrenders- August 15, 1945
Explain how each of the following long- term causes contributed to the outbreak of WWII:
- Rise of totalitarian leaders
- Treaty of Versailles
- Appeasement policy
Rise of totalitarian dictators:
- especially Hitler, Totalitarian dictators want total control of their country, but also want to conquer as much territory as they can. They focussed their efforts of expanding their territory, but to do so they have to battle the other nations
Treaty of Versailles:
- Germany felt like they got a bad deal with the treaty after WWI and wanted to make themselves a major world power again
Appeasement Policy:
- Some thought that appeasement was the right way to go to stop Hitler, but others disagreed and thought it would allow Hitler to go farther
Describe the chain of events that immediately led to WWII. Who were the Axis powers? Who were the Allied Powers?
- Invasion of Manchuria: Japanese troops moved into Manchuria after Hamaguchi was murdered
- Invasion of Ethiopia: Mussolini invaded Abyssinia in order to gain more land
- Germans in the Rhineland: German troops marched into the rhineland to challenge old enemies, Joined forces with Japan to form AXIS POWERS.
- Spanish Civil war: Military officers joined forces to overthrow republican gov. ( Francisco Franco- Fascist, Supported by Hitler in war agains spanish gov.)
- The Anchluss: Invasion of Austria by Germans, Occupied country, led to Munich conference
- Invasion of Poland: Hitler issued attack on Poland ( Blitzkrieg) France and Britain (ALLIED POWERS) Declared war on Germany
What military strategy was commonly used by the Germans? How was it different than previous methods of warfare? What new technologies were used in WWII?
- Germans commonly used Blitzkrieg which was a fast, forceful style of fighting. Used speed and coordination w/ planes
- Differences: Used new technology, it was more of an offensive war rather than a stalemate, different battlefields
- New technology used: High speed vehicles for transport, tanks and airplanes with huge bombs, fighter planes, aircraft carriers at sea
What effect did the events at Pearl Harbor have on the United States' position and involvement in the war?
Before Pearl Harbor, the US was using Isolationism. They didn't want to get involved in the war and with other countries. Remained Isolationists until 1941, the bombing of Pearl Harbor. It was a turning point in the war because it is when the US joined the War in both the Pacific and in Europe.
How was the nature of the war similar of different in each of these locations: Europe, the Pacific, and North Africa
?
What events led to the end of WWII in both Japan and Europe?
Europe:
- Soviet forces drove Axis forces out of Soviet Union, many German deaths. Soviets closer to German capital
- D- Day
- Battle of the Bulge
- V-E Day: Soviets surrounded Berlin. Hitler committed suicide, Berlin surrendered that day.
Japan:
- Battle of Iwo Jima, Battle of Okinawa
- Atomic bomb made Japanese Emperor Hirohito surrender on August 15, 1945 - V-J day