American Politics Chapter 10 quiz
Terms in this set (60)
Which of the following statements concerning the functions of the law is NOT correct?
The weakness of the law is that we can easily break a rule that we do not know exists.
Laws or regulations established by bureaucratic agencies on behalf of Congress are known as ______ laws or regulations.
The reason the burden of proof in a criminal trial is greater than the burden of proof in a civil trial is ______.
the government is perceived as a greater threat to our liberties than are fellow citizens
Which of the following is NOT an example of administrative law?
Congress passes a law limiting awards in medical malpractice cases.
The idea of an independent judiciary as created by the founders was ______.
unique at the time of our country's founding
The Supreme Court has used its power of judicial review ______.
Judicial activism has become an important political issue because ______.
conservatives have argued that judges are acting as legislators on issues such as same-sex marriage
The Supreme Court is deeply involved in politics in each of the following ways EXCEPT this one:
By contributing to the campaigns of congressional allies
The characteristics that help determine which court has jurisdiction over a case include all of the following EXCEPT this one:
The expressed wishes of the president
One reason dissenting opinions are significant to U.S. common law is that ______.
they may have a lasting impact if the Court later changes its mind
In an adversarial system, the winning side is likely to be ______.
the one with the more skilled attorney
The legal system of the United States is ______.
largely a common-law tradition with elements of the civil-law tradition
In an inquisitorial system, ______.
the attorneys play relatively minor roles
The textbook argues that the United States is unlikely to change from an adversarial system of law for all of the following reasons EXCEPT this one:
It is generally acknowledged to be more fair than the inquisitorial system.
The system of district courts, appeals courts, and the Supreme Court set up by the founders ______.
was not first established as a fully developed system
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 serves which function of the law?
Distributing the benefits and rewards society has to offer
The opinion of the Supreme Court in a case is ______.
the most important element of the Court's decision
Which of the following statements is true about the dual court system?
Most cases are heard in the state courts.
The Constitution says ______.
nothing about the qualifications of federal judges
The American legal tradition can best be described as ______.
a mixed system based on common-law practice but with a body of written, codified laws
A violation of civil law is called ______.
According to some political observers, the different reaction of many blacks versus most whites to the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, can be linked to the fact that ______.
blacks' experience with the legal system leads them not to trust it
Which of the following is NOT an influence on Supreme Court decision-making?
Direct lobbying by interest group representatives
The first Hispanic justice of the Supreme Court was appointed by President ______.
Based on the discussion in the textbook, we can conclude that getting a case before the U.S. Supreme Court is ______.
Which of the following statements concerning presidential appointment of judges is NOT true?
Presidents have always worked to shape the ideological leanings of the Supreme Court.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the American legal system?
It focuses on procedural due process more than on substantive outcomes.
All of the following statements are true concerning the common-law tradition EXCEPT this one:
Most of the United States uses the common-law tradition as the basis of its legal system.
The powers of the Supreme Court listed in the Constitution ______.
are not clearly spelled out
All of the following statements concerning the power of judicial review are true EXCEPT this one:
It includes the powers to declare acts of government unconstitutional and to interpret the meaning of all federal and state laws.
Opponents of judicial elections believe that elections sacrifice judicial ______.
A writ of certiorari is ______.
a petition by the losing side in a lower court for the Supreme Court to hear an appeal
Strict constructionists argue that there is no such thing as a ______.
constitutionally protected right to privacy
The only limitation on what statutes may do in the American system is found in ______.
The role of the judge in the common-law tradition differs from the role of the judge in the civil-law tradition in that ______.
judges in the common-law tradition have much more discretion to interpret the law
Senatorial courtesy refers to the ______.
tradition of granting senators considerable power over federal judicial appointments in their home states
Which of the following statements concerning Senate confirmation of presidential Supreme Court nominees is NOT true?
If the minority party is not the party of the president, it has little power to influence the success of nominations.
According to Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, the primary function of law is to ______.
provide security, order, and predictability in life
Laws whose actual content defines what we can and cannot legally do are ______ laws.
Marshall justified the claim that the Court has the power of judicial review on the grounds that ______.
it is within the province of the courts to say what the law is
Which of the following statements concerning jurisdiction is false?
About half the cases in the United States are heard by federal courts.
According to many scholars, Americans sue each other a great deal for all of the following reasons EXCEPT this one:
Lawsuits are easy to file in the United States compared with other countries.
The U.S. Courts of Appeals are arranged ______.
in twelve circuits covering the District of Columbia and geographical groupings of states
The rule of four is significant to the balance of power among Supreme Court justices because it ______.
gives some power to the minority on the Court
Which of the following is NOT a substantive law?
The right to appeal a criminal conviction
The power of the courts to determine the constitutionality of laws is called judicial ______.
All of the following statements concerning appeals of lower court decisions are true EXCEPT this one:
Most cases in the federal courts are appealed.
All of the following statements concerning the U.S. court system are true EXCEPT this one:
Juries in appeals courts typically consist of six citizens.
Which of the following is NOT a statutory law?
The Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
All of the following rights are protected by procedural laws EXCEPT this one:
The right to vote
Laws that regulate relations between individuals are called ______.
A law that makes it illegal to use steroids is an example of a ______ law.
According to the text, which of the following is NOT a criterion used by presidents in choosing Supreme Court nominees?
Endorsements received by national news media
Decisions of the U.S. Circuit Courts are made by ______.
rotating panels of three judges
The two main approaches to interpreting the Constitution are ______.
judicial interpretivism and strict constructionism
Which of the following types of law always apply only to the executive branch of the federal government?
An executive order
Amicus curiae briefs are significant because ______.
they may influence whether the Supreme Court decides to hear a case
Criminal law deals with harm to ______, whereas civil law involves harm to ______.
Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding the U.S. legal system in comparison to those of other countries?
Unlike other countries, the United States has an inquisitorial legal system.
A U.S. Department of Agriculture law on how much coloring or other additives can be in food is an example of a(n) ______ law or regulation.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
American Government - Your Voice, Your Future | Matthew Kerbel
Political Science Chapter 10: The Judicial Branch
Political Science Chapter 10: The Judicial Branch
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AYK: Scenario 6
AYK: Scenario 5
AYK: Scenario 4
AYK: Scenario 3
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Pol101 Chapter 9
politics chapter 7 quizzes