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Road to Revolution Class Notes
Terms in this set (35)
Treaty of Paris I (1763)
Treaty that ends the French and Indian war. Gives the British the land up to the Mississippi River.
Proclamation Line of (1763)
King George prohibits westward settlement past the Appalachian Mountains.
Sugar Act (1764)
Tax on sugar and molasses
Stamp Act (1765)
Tax on all paper goods
Sons of Liberty
A group of Patriots who used violence as a political tactic against the British and Loyalists
Leader of the Sons of Liberty
To stop the use of a product or service in protest
Declaratory Act (1766)
Repealed the Stamp Act but reinforced the government's right to tax.
Townshend Act (1767)
Placed taxes on tea, lead, paint, and glass.
John Dickenson's Letters to a Penn. Farmer
Letter's encouraging colonists to unite against the Townshend Act.
Committees of Correspondence
A union of committees used to spread the message and ideals of revolution and keep all the colonies informed of the war effort.
The Burning of the Gaspee
Angry colonists burn the British HMS Gaspee that was sent to capture colonial smuggling ships.
A tax on tea from the British East India Company
Boston Tea Party
Patriots (most likely the sons of liberty) were disguised as natives and threw 342 crates of tea into the Boston Harbor.
Intolerable (Coercive) Acts
Cruel acts to punish Boston and other colonies for the Boston Tea Party. These acts closed the port of Boston, revoked the right of colonists to govern themselves, made it illegal for the colonies to try British soldiers, and revived the Quartering Act.
Installed a permanent fort and government in Canada.
First Continental Congress
A meeting of 12/13 colonies (all but Georgia) in an effort to rally around Boston and organize colonial resistance.
Olive Branch Petition
A document written as an attempt to make amends with the king and discuss the grievances without threatening to secede or revolt.
Second Continental Congress
Met to discuss the impending war. They decide to raise a continental army, and eventually drafted and adopted the Declaration of Independence.
Common Sense Pamphlet
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine. It states that the colonies do not need a king.
Lexington and Concord (1775)
First battle of the war. Ultimately an American victory. It is unknown which side fired first.
Trenton and Princeton
Major battle in which Washington defeated the Hessians in the dead of winter. Oh, and Washington crossed the Delaware.
Major turning point that put the war in America's favor and led towards colonial victory.
Major colonial loss that gave the south to the British.
The last battle of the war. Cornwallis surrenders to Washington.
Marquis de Lafayette
French officer and militant strategist who helped lead troops to victory at Yorktown.
American philosopher, inventor, enlightenment thinker, and politician. Acted as an Ambassador to France. First to harness and use lightening and electricity.
French nobleman and general who aided the colonies during the war.
Articles of Confederation
First American government. Supported a weak central government and strong states.
Major general of the continental army and the first President of the United States.
Roles of Women during the Revolution
Women acted as nurses, chefs, maids, and in some cases even soldiers.
Gov. Dunmore's Proclamation
Dunmore announces that any slaves of rebelling colonists would be freed if they fought in the British army.
Role of African Americans in the Revolution
African Americans worked as soldiers and worked in the fields and factories to supply for soldiers.
Baron Von Stuben
American officer and former Prussian militant who trains and disciplines the continental army into a strong force.
Treaty of Paris II
Ends the war and gives all land up to the Mississippi river to the United States of America.
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