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Nutrition Chapter 3

STUDY
PLAY
The ___________________________ system is made up of several glands that act in the regulation of metabolism, reproduction, water balance, and many other functions.
Endocrine
What structure prevents food from entering the trachea when you swallow?
Epiglottis
Which large blood vessel is the first to receive most recently eaten nutrients, transporting them to the liver?
Portal vein
After digestion and absorption, which circulatory system carries fat and fat-soluble vitamins?
Lymphatic
Where does digestion begin?
Mouth
Most digestion takes place in the
Small intestine
What substance helps suspend fat in a watery digestive mixture, making fat more available to digestive enzymes?
Bile
Where are most digestive enzymes produced?
Pancreas and small intestine
The villi of the small intestine
provide an enormous surface area that facilitates absorption.
What are on the villi to help increase absorption?
Microvilli