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Acellular vaccines and subunit vaccines
contain select antigenic components of a pathogen rather than whole cells or viruses
Agricultural workers and field archaeologists are exposed to this organism which although entering via the respiratory tract can cause meningitis
Allergic patients receiving small controlled injections of specific allergens are undergoing
All of the following are associated with IgE and mast cell mediated allergy EXCEPT
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
All of the following pertain to poliomyelitis EXCEPT
Summer outbreaks in the US have been recently increasing
Arthrospores of Coccidioides immitis develop into _______ that will release endospores into the lungs
Artificial Passive Immunity
giving a person immune serum globulins to chickenpox virus after exposure to disease
The chemical mediator that causes prolonged bronchospasm, vascular permeability and mucus secretion of asthmatic patients is
The concept "immunologically privileged" explains why the CNS
has a REDUCED immune response compared to the rest of the body
During which response to the antigen do we display a LATENT period of no secretory antibody synthesis?
Edward Jenner's work involved
Immunization using a related, less pathogenic organism to give protection against a more pathogenic one
In the theory for allergic desensitization, which immunoglobulin blocks the allergen from binding with IgE?
order from Skull to Brain (outer to inner) *DASP*
Production of a neurotoxin that binds to target sites on spinal cord neurons responsible for inhibiting skeletal muscle contraction is a characteristic of
Production of a neurotoxin that prevents acetylcholine release from motor neurons at neuromuscular junctions is a characteristic of
Prophylactic Rifampin is indicated for individuals in close contact with patients infected by
Severe combined immunodeficiencies (SCIDs) are due to
a genetic defect in the development of both T cells and B cells
Tetanus differs from botulism in that
Muscles cannot relax in tetanus, muscles cannot contract in botulism
What can be a consequence of a genetic deficiency in B cell survival and maturity?
What could result when grafted tissue such as bone marrow contains passenger lymphocytes?
Graft versus Host disease
What involves determination of donor HLA antigens compared to those of the recipient's tissue?
Both skin graft & Organ Transplantation
What is the likelihood of a pt infected by West Nile Virus developing West Nile encephalitis?
Less than 1%
What will be the immediate action of an allergen when it enters that body for a second time?
Bonding of allergen to adjacent IgE binding sites on mast cells and basophils
When antibody is COVERING the foreign microorganism then COMPLEMENT may be activated via this ____ pathway.
Which event occurs with the sensitizing dose of allergen?
Binding of IgE by the Fc region to mast cells and basophils
Which of the following pertains to both tetanus and foodborne botulism?
Tx involves antitoxin therapy
Which organism is a common cause of meningitis in AIDS pts and can be found in bird droppings?
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