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US History Review Set 2
Terms in this set (147)
Book by Upton Sinclair. Depicted the abuses of the meatpacking industry. Was originally meant to be a story of the hard life lived by immigrants.
PWA or CWA
New Deal program designed to give jobs to the unemployed. The program was used to build many public buildings, roads, and schools.
Type of government that developed in the 1930's in Italy and Germany. A type of totalitarian government led by a dictator type figure.
Amendment that prohibited the sale and or manufacture of alcohol in the nation. It was later repealed by the 21st Amendment.
Political Party that developed in the late 1800's to represent the views of the Mid-western farmers. Had the most affect on elections in the years of 1892-1896.
Robert La Follette
Reform governor of Wisconsin. He was a leader in the effort to bring about voter reforms such as the secret ballot, recall, referendums, and initiatives.
African American leader who was the first black graduate of Harvard. He stressed that blacks need to be given the same chance at higher education and civil rights as whites. Helped to found the NAACP in 1909.
New Deal critic who proposed a pension system for the elderly. This halped to bring about the Social Security Act of 1935.
1920's African American leader who proposed a Negro nationalism movement where African Americans could return to Africa in order to ensure their civil liberties rather than stay in America.
Group of volunteer cavalry soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt in the Spanish American War. Made the famous charge of San Juan Hill.
Intercepted telegram from Germany to Mexico trying to keep the U.S. out of WW I by having Mexico declare war on the U.S. The intercepted note helped convince U.S. leaders to enter WW I.
December 7th, 1941. Surprise attack by the Japanese on the United States. Brought the U.S. into WW II.
Name given to the fear of communist radicals in U.S. after the end of WW I. Many suspected socialists or communists were deported out of this fear.
Idea that you should help those that are less fortunate than you. This was practiced by such groups as the Salvation Army and the settlement House movement.
This was the way in which Franklin Roosevelt communicated with the American public throughout the Depression and WW II. They often times served to ease the fears of the public during these trying times.
This is the name given to the lower mid-west during a period of great drought in the 1930's. Many farmers had to abandon the area and become migrant workers in other parts of the nation.
Bull Moose or Progressive Party
Party started by Theodore Roosevelt during his 1912 attempt to run for President as a third party candidate.
National Origins Act
1920's Immigration law that set up a quota system to determine the number of immigrants allowed. Discriminatory system against all non-Western Europeans.
William Jennings Bryan
Populist and Democratic Candidate for President in 1896. Gave the famous "Cross of Gold Speech" in his support for the idea of free coinage of silver. Lost the election to William McKinley.
Wrote a book called the "Influence of Sea Power Upon History" where he stressed the need for the U.S. to build and upkeep a modern and powerful navy. Led to the Great White fleet of the early 1900's.
Stock Market Crash
October 29, 1929. Signaled the Financial collapse of the nation. Seen as a beginning point of the Great Depression.
First man to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. Became the greatest of American heroes at the time. Plane was called the Spirit of St. Louis.
Progressive reform under Wilson that created a system of national banks to control the country's banking system. That same system controls the money supply and interest rate in our nation today.
Controversy involving FDR's suggestion that the Supreme Court needed additional members because of its rulings against several New Deal programs.
Munich Peace Conference
Meeting where British and French leaders practiced the policy of appeasement with Hitler and divided Czechoslovakia in order to avoid war and keep "peace in our time." Policy failed as war was inevitable.
Protestors who came to Washington to ask Congress to pay a WW I payment to veterans earlier than promised because of the Depression. Congress refused and the protestors were dispersed by the U.S. military.
The long time policy of the United States in foreign affairs before the 1890's. We tried to stay out of the affairs of other nations.
Susan B. Anthony
One of the female leaders of the women's suffrage movement. Was the first woman to have her picture on a U.S. coin.
New Deal program to get businesses and consumers to support the policies of the government. Prices and wages were arranged; Working hours regulated and strikes postponed. Program's symbol was a blue eagle.
Open Door Policy
U.S. foreign policy goals sent By John Hay to several other nations stating the hope of the U.S., that all nations be given equal access to trade in China.
Type of warfare in WW I where both sides reached a deadly stalemate with "no man's land" between them.
Individual garden where an American would try to grow there own food in order to save food supplies for the war effort.
Schenck v U.S.
Supreme Court case where the court set the doctrine of "clear and present danger" to judge the constitutionality of one's actions. Court stated that rights are curtailed during times of war.
New Deal program where the gov't gave jobs for public works but also to artists, musicians, photographers, and writers to complete project for the public's benefit.
Agreement between the U.S. and Britain signed after the beginning of WW II. Churchill and Roosevelt met to sign this agreement which states our common goals for winning the war.
Name of the U.S, spy plane that was shot down over the USSR during the Eisenhower Administration.
Name of Lyndon B. Johnson's program to help the U.S. to fight evils of our society, namely poverty, discrimination, unemployment, and poor education.
Practice of giving college bound students an exemption from the draft sending men to fight in Vietnam. This became one of the major issue protested in the war
Name of the security organization formed by the U.S. and western European nations in the Cold War.
Became President upon the death of FDR. Ended WW II with the dropping of the Atomic bomb. Lead the nation in the Korean War. Helped establish the policy of communist containment.
Turning point battle of the war against Japan. Naval battle fought only with naval aircraft
City where President Eisenhower had to send troops in order to desegregate a local all white high school in 1957.
John F. Kennedy
Winner of the 1960 Presidential election. Challenged Americans to "ask what they can do for their country." Established the Peace Corp. Avoided war during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Assassinated in 1963.
Name of the crisis that forced President Nixon to resign as President of the U.S.
Spokesperson for the controversial Nation of Islam. Advocated black nationalism and separation from white society. Accepted the use of violence in order to defend oneself against civil rights abuses.
Rosie the Riveter
Fictional character that represented the importance that women have played in our effort to fight WW II as they replaced men in all forms of factory work.
Nixon's policy of relaxing tensions between the superpowers. Led to several arms reduction treaties with the USSR and a state visit to communist China in 1972.
Organization that was formed to advocate the rights of women as a group. Helped to led the women's movement of the 60's and 70's.
Secret government project that led to the construction of the atomic bomb.
Name for the famed invasion of Normandy France on June 6, 1944 as Allied troops stormed the beaches to begin the attack on Hitler from the western front.
Name given to members of the counter culture movement of the 1960's and 1970's. They often objected to societal norms and experimented with communal living and hallucinogenic drugs.
Group begun by JFK that was composed of volunteers who went to under developed nations and tried to help the people there improve their lives.
Leader of the migrant farm workers union that formed in the 60's and 70's to improve the wages and conditions these workers were receiving.
This line represented the division of North and South Korea. This is the area where the Korean War began and ended as neither side gained any measurable land area.
Name given by Winston Churchill to the areas of Europe that were now under the control of the USSR.
Brown v. Board, 1954
Supreme Court case where the Court ruled that segregation is no longer acceptable. Decision was made in a school desegregation case in 1954.
Name of the South Vietnamese communist fighters who were our opponents in the Vietnam War.
Name given to the JFK administration policies that challenged the nation to move into the future. Containment, Civil Rights and Space exploration were some of the goals of the program.
Montgomery lady who signals the beginning of the civil rights movement when she refuses to give up a seat on a segregated bus.
Governor of Alabama who stood in the doorway of the University of Alabama to protest its order to integrate. He later ran for President on a platform of continued segregation.
Voting Right Act, 1965
National Law passed to guarantee voting privileges to African Americans across the nation.
An act passed in 1935 gave government-payed pensions to American citizens over the age 65 as well as provided help for the unemployed, the disabled, and the needy.
Muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen.
Remember the Maine
A slogan of the Spanish-American war referring to the sinking of a battleship in Cuba. Stirred up by yellow journalism, this lead McKinley to declare war.
an association formed by farmers in the last 1800s to make life better for farmers by sharing information about crops, prices, and supplies
Young women in the 1920s who challenged social traditions with their dress and behavior
a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
Big Stick Politics
Name given to the sometimes rough but always effective politics of Theodore Roosevelt. He used this type of politics to battle trusts, establish national parks, and build the Panama Canal.
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public
31st President .He was the head of the Food Administration who also led a charity drive to feed Belgians. He ensured the success of the Food Administration and created a surplus of food through volunteer actions.
Booker T. Washington
African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.
the 32nd president of the United States. He was president from 1933 until his death in 1945 during both the Great Depression and World War II. He is the only president to have been elected 4 times, a feat no longer permissible due to the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution.
a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
Louisianna Senator who opposed FDR's New Deal and came up with a , "Share the Wealth" wants to give $5k to all families ,was later assasinated
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil.
Economic policy by Roosevelt that favored fair relationships between companies and workers
(Tennessee Valley Authority Act) Relief, Recover, and Reform. one of the most important acts that built a hyro-electric dam for a needed area.
Plessy v. Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
The name given to the first part of FDR's administration where they worked with Congress to pass and create many new programs to try and deal with the Depression.
Sacco and Vanzetti
These were two Italian immigrants who were known socialists / anarchists. They were accused of a murder and were convicted in a less than fair trial. Both were later executed for the crime.
This is the monetary policy of being able to base our system of paper money on the amount of gold the nation has stored.
Eugene V. Debs
Socialist leader during the early 1900's. Received nearly 1 million votes for President. Helped to found the industrial union movement in the late 1800's.
Government agency created after the publishing of the "Jungle" to make sure the food and medicine we take are safe
James Earl Ray
The convicted assassin of Martin Luther King Jr.
Cuban Missile Crisis
National crisis of 1962 when the U.S. discovered nuclear missiles being placed in Cuba by the USSR. Led to a near war with the USSR
College campus where Vietnam War protests were met with the gunfire of National Guard troops and several students were killed.
African American man who was the first to go to a formerly segregated University of Mississippi.
Name of the official government investigation into the death of JFK.
He was the leader of American forces in Europe during WW II. Elected President in 1952. Sent troops to desegregate Little Rock Warned the nation of the dangers of the military-industrial complex.
Name of the proposal to rebuild the areas of Europe destroyed by WW II. U.S. loaned over 14 billion in supplies and materials to help these nations. Was a method to fight the possible spread of communism.
War fought to stop the invasion of communists across the 38th parallel. Fought from 1950-1953. War begun under Truman and ended under Eisenhower.
Name of the world organization formed at the end of WW II that is located in New York.
Lee Harvey Oswald
Accused lone assassin of JFK. Was killed two days after JFK by Jack Ruby. Is often the topic of several conspiracy theories surrounding the assassination.
Secret documents leaked to the NY Times that told of the activites of several Presidents to escalate the war in Vietnam without the Congress' or public's knowledge.
Lyndon Baines Johnson
Became President upon the death of JFK. Created a domestic program called the Great Society to fight poverty. Began U.S. involvement in Vietnam
Place where the first atomic bomb was dropped in August, 1945
Presidential policy of trying to aid any nation that needs aid to prevent the spread of communist governments.
The word describes the growth of the areas surrounding urban areas as many American sought a quieter lifestyle.
Group of civil disobedience protestors who rode into segregated bus stations to prove the point of civil rights abuses. Some were injured and killed in a bomb that was placed on one of the buses.
Policy of Nixon to return control of many government programs to state and local government rather than national government control.
Leader of the non-violent disobedience civil rights movement that begun in Montgomery Alabama and spread across the nation.
Cold War confrontation where the U.S. had to fly supplies into a Germany city in order to prevent its takeover by communist forces under the USSR.
This was the turning point of the Vietnam Conflict as the Communist forces mounted a massive offensive and although they were defeated it served to discourage the American military and public. Jan. 1968
Proposed Constitutional Amendment that would have guaranteed equal rights regardless of sex. Proposed Amendment has never been ratified.
Battle of the Bulge
Last major offensive battle by Hitler in WW II. U.S. troops played a major part in this defensive effort. After this point, Germany was forced into retreat.
Nation of Islam
African American group that advocated black nationalism and separation from white society. They were also a religious group who required members to convert to the Muslim religion.
Bay of Pigs
Failed invasion of Cuba by Cuban nationalist exiles trying to oust Fidel Castro. The exiles had U.S. help and were completely defeated. Great embarrassment to the Kennedy Administration.
Elected President in 1968. Policy of détente helped to ease the Cold War tensions. Policy of Vietnamization led to U.S. withdrawal from Vietnam. Resigned as President after the Watergate scandal.
Strategy of the U.S. to defeat Japan in the many island of the Pacific. Led to major conflicts in places like the Solomons, Philippines, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa.
Interstate Commerce Commission
Attempt by the government to regulate large businesses. Law was passed after the Granger laws regulating Railroads were declared unconstitutional because they tried to regulate interstate commerce.
Progressive President who established the Federal Reserve, the Federal Trade Commission, and got the Clayton Anti-trust Act passed. Led us through WW I and tried to establish the League of Nations.
This is an addition to the Monroe Doctrine where the U.S. states that any interference in this hemisphere will be done by the United States. Led to U.S. involvement in Panama and Mexico among others.
Kellog- Briand Pact
Agreement signed in 1929 that outlawed the use of war. Signed by a majority of the world's nations, but it lacked any real enforcement provisions.
Gulf of Tonkin
Resolution that asked Congress for permission to retaliate against North Vietnam for attacks against U.S. near Vietnam. LBJ issued the Resolution and soon thereafter escalated the war in Vietnam.
Lead Commander of the U.S. in the Pacific in WW II. Served as occupational governor of Japan after the War. Led U.S. troop in the Korean War until his dismissal by Truman for criticizing the President.
Japanese American in the Western U.S. were forced into detention camps because of Pearl Harbor. Decision was challenged in Court, but the Court supported the efforts of the government.
Return to Normalcy
Policy of Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge to return to the policies of the U.S. before the times of WW I. Laissez-faire business and isolationism
Belief of Herbert Hoover's that the government should not give direct aid to the poor because it would destroy the person pride and their belief in hard work.
Policy of FDR where he pledged to help the poor of the American public in the Depression and he would provide direct aid to those who needed it.
Group of middle class reformers who sought to improve society in the early part of the 1900's.
Peace without Victory
Idea of President Wilson's that World War I would not be the last war unless we eliminate the reasons for war. In this speech he calls for nations to fix the causes of war and to make this a lasting peace
New Deal Program that was designed to foster confidence in the banking system because the government will guarantee your savings are safe.
Became President when McKinley died. Known for his "big stick" political style. Established national forest lands, fought big business, and helped get the Panama Canal completed.
New Deal program where young men were sent to do work outside planting trees, fighting forest fires, and working in national parks.
Conference to end WW I. The Big Four from the U.S., Britain, France, and Italy decided most of the issues. Most of Wilson's 14 Points were ignored except for the League of Nations.
Clayton Anti-trust Act
1914 law that strengthen the governments ability to break up illegal trusts that overcharged consumers and hindered competition.
The idea of stopping the spread of communism. Theory was set forth by George Kennan who was the U.S. Ambassador to Russia. The Truman Doctrine was the official U.S. policy that reflected this theory.
U.S. Senator who began to accuse various people in government and entertainment of being communist. The accusations were usually without proof and served to assassinate the character of the accused.
Began in Greensboro, NC to protest the segregation policies of many public restaurants. Started by 4 NC A&T college students.
City in 1963 that met civil rights protestors with police dogs and firehoses. Brought national attention to the movement and forced the Federal government to respond.
March on Washington
Large protest in August 1963 outside the Lincoln Memorial to protest the conditions of civil rights. Martin Luther King Jr. gave his "I Have a Dream Speech" in this protest.
This symbol of communism was constructed in 1961 to prevent travel and communication between the east and west parts of Berlin.
He was the Attorney General under John F. Kennedy and later became the leading candidate for the President in 1968 before he was assassinated by Sirhan Sirhan.
Idea promoted by Stokley Carmichael to describe the idea that African Americans should control their social, economic, and political lives and separate from white society if needed.
War Powers Act
Law passed after the Vietnam War which limits the President's ability to send troops into battle without the approval of Congress.
Civil Rights Act, 1964
Civil Rights law passed after JFK's death that banned segregation in all public places.
Persian Gulf War
War fought in 1991 against Iraq to force them to withdraw from the nation of Kuwait. George Bush was the President
Elected President in 1992. Signed the NAFTA agreement to create a free trade network. Worked with Congress to balance the budget and create a budget surplus. Second President to be impeached.
Iranian Hostage Crisis
Crisis under Jimmy Carter that involved the taking of hostages from a U.S. embassy in a foreign nation
Camp David Accords
Peace Treaty signed between Egypt and Israel at the Presidential retreat in Maryland under the leadership of Jimmy Carter.
President who led a conservative revolution in the 1980's. Reduced taxes and increased military spending. Ran high deficits. Iran-Contra Scandal in his second term as President.
This is a secret drinking club that where found in thousands of cities all across the U.S. during Prohibition.
This is the name of Woodrow Wilson's plan at the Versailles Peace Treaty Conference. The plan gave suggestions as to how to avoid future wars. The last part described a world peace keeping group.
Stands for Ku Klux Klan and started right after the Civil War in 1866. The Southern establishment took charge by passing discriminatory laws known as the black codes. Gives whites almost unlimited power. They masked themselves and burned black churches, schools, and terrorized black people. They are anti-black and anti-Semitic.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
great depression /world war 2
world war 2
US Policies During the Cold War
US history 28
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