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Arts and Humanities
AAC PPT 6
Terms in this set (46)
Significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior expressed in conceptual, social, and practical skills that originates before the age of 18.
True/False: Children with intellectual disabilities constitute the largest portion of school aged individuals who require AAC.
What are considerations for the AAC team when providing services for students with ID?
Opportunity barriers, problem behaviors, diversity of needs
What are opportunity barriers?
The needs and abilities of individuals with ID (at any level of deficit) should be considered providing opportunities for AAC
What are problem behaviors?
Address causes of behavior problems proactively by addressing communication limitations
Diversity of needs:
Individuals with ID may vary significantly in diagnosis, abilities, severity, and communication needs requiring remedial interventions to be individualized to the abilities and communicative needs of the client
What are some impairments that often occur for those with ASD that have speech?
-Literalness of meaning
-Idiosyncratic use of words or phrases
What does it mean when it is said that many children with ASD are gestalt processors when learning?
They process the whole of a situation or utterance rather than its component parts.
What are the 6 main areas early intervention should address in ASD?
-Functional spontaneous communication using verbalizations or AAC
-Developmentally appropriate social skills
-Cognitive development with emphasis on generalization
-Positive supports for behavior problems
-Functional academic skills as appropriate
See ppt for more considerations for ASD AAC users
What are some considerations for the AAC team when providing services for students with deaf-blindness?
Identify level of communication abilities based on whether they have congenital or acquired disorders
What are some communication intervention strategies that can be used with deaf-blind AAC users?
-Tactile finger spelling
-One or two-handed tactile sign language
-Adapted national sign language
-Communication boards/books with enlarged symbols
What is childhood apraxia of speech?
Neurological speech sound disorder where the precision and consistency of movements underlying speech are impaired
What are the 7 stages of communication on the communication matrix?
Behavior is not under the individual's own control, but it reflects his general
state (such as comfortable, uncomfortable, hungry or sleepy). Caregivers interpret. (0-3 months of age)
Behavior is under the individual's control. Not yet used to communicate intentionally. Caregivers interpret (3-8 mo).
INTENTIONAL COMMUNICATION BEGINS HERE. Unconventional pre-symbolic behaviors are used intentionally to communicate. Communicative behaviors are pre-symbolic and not socially
acceptable (such as tugging on people) (6-12 months).
Conventional pre-symbolic behaviors are used intentionally to communicate. Include pointing, nodding or shaking the head, waving, and looking from a person to a desired object (12-18 months)
symbolic COMMUNICATION STARTS HERE. symbols represent, or stand for, something else) Concrete symbols that physically resemble what they represent, are used to communicate. Include pictures, objects, iconic gestures and sounds (12-24 months).
Abstract symbols such as speech, manual signs, Brailled or printed words are used to communicate. These symbols are abstract because they are NOT physically similar to what they represent (12-24 months)
Symbols (concrete or abstract) are combined into two- or three-symbol combinations
('want juice', 'me go out'), according to grammatical rules. The individual understands that the meaning of symbol combinations may differ depending upon how the symbols are ordered (24 months and up).
What are 4 reasons to communicate?
-OBTAIN things that we do want
-REFUSE things that we don't want
-Engage in SOCIAL interaction
-Provide or seek INFORMATION
What are 4 characteristics of an advanced/independent communicator?
-Communicates at a level of typical peers
-Creates novel messages
-Use simple sentences
-Uses language for multiple purposes
What are the characteristics of a situational/context dependent communicator?
-Varying understanding of basic language
-Comprehension of picture representations
-Follows directions, rules, and routines
-Needs minimum prompts and cues
-Communicative strengths lies within structured contexts
What are the characteristics of introductory/emergent communicator?
-Lacks an effective and consistent means of communication
-Communication attempts isolated to highly motivating situations
-Early stages of picture exchange
-Successful communication is reliant upon support of the communicative partner
What is the key to communication?
What are 3 tips for when a communicator's motivation is an issue?
-Inventory student's interests and create scenarios that are interesting enough to facilitate communication
-Save some things just for communication
-Engineer situations where communication becomes needed/expected
True/False:Addressing communication needs through play fosters motivation
What are important factors to consider when using/selecting switch toys?
-parts of the body
-amount of force
-range of motion
-What actions can the person who will use the switch reliably perform?
-Activating the switch should not cause a person undue fatigue or pain, or compromise good muscle tone.
Parts of the body considerations:
Which part of the body will give the person the best control over switch activation?
Amount of force considerations:
How much force can the person consistently exert when hitting a switch?
Does the person lack good targeting ability?
-If so, you should choose a switch with a larger surface area.
Range of motion considerations:
People with fine motor skills and a small range of motion must choose a switch which is activated after a short "travel". Travel is the distance a person must press on a switch before it is activated.
If the person has perceptual difficulties than feedback from the switch that has been activated may be beneficial. Feedback may include music, vibration and/or lights.
Do you want to motivate a student to participate in activities?
Where the person will be using the switch will determine how the switch should be mounted in order to facilitate its use. The switch should not be positioned too far away so that it is inconvenient to reach, nor should it be too close so that it interferes with other activities.
What are symbolic language systems?
Any method of communication that utilizes an action or material, assigns specific messages to it, and uses it consistently to relay meaning to the listener
What are some advantages to a symbolic language systems?
-Easy to access materials
-Easier, faster method to generate desired messages
-Minimum cost to produce
-Useful as secondary communication system
What are some disadvantages to a symbolic language system?
-Communicative needs of the individual surpass the vocabulary capacity of the systems
-Communicator is in an environment in which new messages are needed.
What are the types of symbolic language systems?
What is a communication page?
Topic specific page of pictures or symbols to relay messages
What is a communication board?
-Large single layer board offering vocabulary within its boundaries.
-Not topic specific
What is a communication binder?
-A three ring notebook that contains a collection of communication pages organized by topic
What is a communication wallet?
-Similar to the communication binder by smaller. -Has categorized pages of vocabulary in a wallet for easier transport
What is a symbolic language system using objects?
Use of an object to represent a message
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