a figure of speech in which an absent or dead person, an abstract quality, or something inanimate or nonhuman is addressed directly.
a philosophy which holds that basic truths can be reached through intuition rather than through reason.
a figure of speech comparing two essentially unlike things through the use of a specific word of comparison, such as like, as, than, or resembles.
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things which are basically dissimilar.
Rite of Passage
a ritual or ceremony signifying an event in a person's life indicative of a transition from one stage to another, as from adolescence to adulthood.
Stream of Consciousness
the style of writing that attempts to imitate the natural flow of a character's thoughts, feelings, reflections, memories, and mental images, as teh character experiences them.
a literary work which ridicules or makes fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting or changing the subject of the attack.
the use of specific details describing the dialect, dress, customs, and scenery associated with a particular region or section of the country.
an extreme form of realism; a literary movement that seeks to reproduce everyday reality.
a reference to a person, a place, an event, or a literary work that a writer expects a reader to recognize.
a quotation or motto at the beginning of a chapter, book, short story, or poem that makes some point about the work.
Emotion; Individual experience; Egalitarian; Naturalism; Nature: beauty, mystery; Beauty; Mystery; Intuition; Emotional; Nationalism.
Reason; Social, societal relations; Common values of society; Nature: a system of laws; Rational worldview; Form; Stateliness, dignity; Ancient Gr and Rom culture.
a statement that reveals a kind of truth, although it seems at first to be self-contradictory and untrue.
the prevailing feeling or emotional climate of a literary work, often developed, at least in part, through descriptions of setting
a literary movement that arose in France in the last half of the nineteenth century and that greatly influenced many English writers, particularly poets, of the twentieth century.
the literal significance of the speaker's words is the opposite of his or her intended meaning.
a tale which includes some of the following elements: medieval settings; atmosphere of gloom, horror, desolation, decay; the irrational; mysterious and violent incidents.
a hero's (or heroine's) quest or journey, following a certain patter that occurs frequently in myths and other literature.
incidents, plots or characters that frequently appear in literature and represent some type of basic human experience.
Unity of Setting
a structural device in a work of literature in which the action takes place in the same location (setting) more than once, often at the beginning and the end of the work.