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Psychology 4530 exam 2 ch (6-10)
Terms in this set (33)
Illness anxiety disorder (key symptoms)
Obsession with the idea of having a serious but undiagnosed medical condition.
What are Somatic Disorders?
Persistant anxiety about health.
Excessive time devoted to health
Must last for 6 months
Conversion disorder(key symptoms)
is a mental condition in which a person has blindness, paralysis, or other nervous system (neurologic) symptoms that cannot be explained by medical evaluation
1.) 1 or more symptoms affecting motor or sensory functioning that suggest a neurological or other medical condition.2.) Incompatibility between symptoms and medical condition.
Somatic symptom disorder(key symptoms)
Somatoform disorder Biological factors that may contribute to their development Environmental factors that may contribute to their development. Behavioral factors. Cognitive factors
Assessment•Biological treatment methods.•Psychological treatment methods.
key symptoms: Inability to recall important personal information, usually of a traumatic nature, that cannot be explained by ordinary forgetfulness.
Dissociative identity disorder
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a severe condition in which two or more distinct identities, or personality states, are present in—and alternately take control of—an individual.
Persistent or recurrent experiences of feeling detached from, and as if one is an outside observer of, one's mental processes or bodyOR Experiences of unreality or detachment from surroundings
Know four types of mood episode and their key symptoms. Understand how the presence or absence of these episodes is used to diagnose:
Major depressive disorder.
depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day.
2 years of depression
presence of at least one manic episode
hypomanic episodes lasting at least 4 days. A major depressive episode. Absence of manic episode.
Extreme mood swings
hypomanic ---major depressive lasting 2 years
Restriction of energy intake relative to requirements, leading to significantly low body weight in the context of age, sex, developmental trajectory, and health. B. Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight.
Recurrent episodes of binge eating then purging afterwards.
Binge eating disorder.
Recurrent episodes of binge eating.
Eating, in a discrete period of time (e.g., 2-hours), an amount of food that is definitely larger than most people would eat during a similar period of time. (2) A sense of lack of control over eating during the episode.
Withdrawal,Tolerance,Craving,Psychological Dependence,Physical Dependence
type of substance use disorder which is potentially maladaptive and impairing, but reversible, and associated with recent use. If the symptoms are severe, the term "substance intoxication delirium" may be used.
Substance use disorder.
Substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, as manifested by ≥2 of the following, occurring within a 12-month period: A.Substance is taken in larger amounts or for longer period than intended. B.Persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control use. C.Great deal of time spent in activities to obtain or use substance or recover from its effects. D.Craving or strong desire to use alcohol.E.Failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school, home.
3 clusters of personality disorders
Cluster A (Odd, bizarre, eccentric)
Cluster B (Dramatic, erratic)
Cluster C (Anxious, fearful)
all Characterized by enduring pattern of behavior that deviates from cultural norms.
Paranoid personality disorder
Pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others as indicated by ≥4 of the following:1.Suspects that others exploiting, harming, or deceiving him/her.2.Is preoccupied with unjustified doubts about friends or associates.3.Is reluctant to confide in others because of fear information will be used against him/her.4.Reads hidden demeaning or threatening meanings into benign remarks/events.5.Persistently bears grudges.6.Perceives attacks on his/her character that are not apparent to others and is quick to counterattack.7.Has recurrent suspicions regarding fidelity of spouse or sexual partner.
Schizoid personality disorder
Pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of emotions beginning in early adult as indicated by ≥4 of the following:1.Neither desires or enjoys close relationships, including family.2.Almost always chooses solitary activities.3.Has little interest in sexual experiences with other people.4.Takes pleasure in few, if any, activities.5.Lacks close friends and confidents other than first-degree relatives.6.Appears indifferent to the praise or criticism of others.7.Shows emotional coldness, detachment, or flattened affect.B.
Shizotypal personality disorder
Pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of emotions beginning in early adult as indicated by ≥4 of the following:1.Ideas of reference (excluding delusions).2.Odd beliefs or magical thinking that influence behavior.3.Unusual perceptual experiences, including bodily illusions.4.Odd thinking and speech.5.Suspiciousness and paranoid ideation.6.Inappropriate or constricted affect.7.Odd, eccentric, or peculiar behavior or appearance. 8.Lack of close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives.9.Social anxiety associated with paranoia rather than negative self-judgment.
Antisocial personality disorder
A.Pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others occurring since age 15 as indicated by ≥3 of the following:1.Failure to conform to social norms regarding lawful behavior as indicated by repeatedly performing unlawful acts.2.Deceitfulness indicated by repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning others.3.Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead.4.Irritability and aggressiveness as indicated by physical fights or assaults.5.Reckless disregard for the safety of self or others.6.Consistent irresponsibility as indicated by repeated work or financial failures.7.Lack of remorse as indicated by being indifferent to hurting/harming others. B.Individual is at least 18 years old.C.There is evidence of conduct disorder before age 15.D.Does not occur exclusively during course of schizophrenia or manic episode.
Borderline personality disorder
Pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affect beginning by early adulthood as indicated by ≥5 of the following:1.Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment.2.Pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between idealization and devaluation.3.Identity disturbance: markedly unstable self-image or sense of self.4.Impulsivity in ≥2 areas that are potentially self-damaging: spending, sex, substance abuse, reckless driving, binge eating.5.Recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, or threats, or self-mutilation.6.Affective instability due to marked reactivity of mood.7.Chronic feelings of emptiness8.Inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger9.Transient, stress-related paranoid ideation or dissociative symptoms.
Narcisisstic personality disorder
Pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and lack of empathy beginning by early adulthood as indicated by ≥5 of the following:1.Has a grandiose sense of self-importance (expects to seen as superior).2.Preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, etc.3.Believes he/she is special and should only associate with high-status people.4.Requires excessive admiration.5.Has a sense of entitlement.6.Is interpersonally exploitative.7.Lacks empathy.8.Is often envious of others or believes others are envious of him/her.9.Shows arrogant, haughty behaviors or attitudes.
Avoidant personality disorder
Pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation beginning by early adulthood as indicated by ≥4 of the following:1.Avoids occupational activities that involve significant interpersonal contact because of fears of criticism, disapproval or rejection.2.Is unwilling to get involved with people unless certain of being liked.3.Shows restraint within intimate relationships due to fear of shame or ridicule.4.Is preoccupied with being criticized or rejected in social situations.5.Is inhibited in new interpersonal situations because of feelings of inadequacy.6.Views self as socially inept, personally unappealing, or inferior to others.7.Is unusually reluctant to take personal risks or engage in new activities because they may prove embarrassing.
Dependent personality disorder
Pervasive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive, clinging behavior, fears of separation beginning by early adulthood as indicated by ≥5 of the following:1.Has difficulty making everyday decisions without excessive advice and reassurance from others.2.Needs others to assume responsibility for major areas of life.3.Has difficulty expressing disagreement with others because of fear of loss of support or approval.4.Has difficulty initiating projects or doing things on his/her own.5.Goes to excessive lengths to obtain nurturance and support from others.6.Feels uncomfortable or helpless when alone.7.Urgently seeks another relationship for nurturance and care when one ends.8.Unrealistically preoccupied with fears of being to take care of himself/herself.
Obsessive-compulsive personality dx
Pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and control at the expense of flexibility beginning by early adulthood as indicated by ≥4 of the following:1.Preoccupied with details, rules, lists, orders, organization, or schedules.2.Shows perfectionism that interferes with task completion.3.Excessively devoted to work to the exclusion of leisure activities and friends.4.Is overconscientious and inflexible about matters of morality, ethics, or values.5.Is unable to discard worthless objects even in absence of sentimental value.6.Is reluctant to delegate tasks to others unless they do it his/her way exactly.7.Adopts a miserly spending style towards self and others reflecting hoarding.8.Shows rigidity and stubborness.
Short term psychodynamic therapy (pd)
principles to define and understand the dynamics and problems that clients bring to the therapy session. The aim of this approach is to uncover the feelings or thoughts that interfere with a client's relationships, communication, and daily functioning.
Cognitive behavioral therapy
is a short-term, goal-oriented psychotherapy treatment that takes a hands-on, practical approach to problem-solving. Its goal is to change patterns of thinking or behavior that are behind people's difficulties, and so change the way they feel.
Dialectical behavior therapy
key strategies: Interpersonal effectiveness skills training.
Emotional regulation skills training.
Distress tolerance skills training.
Midfulness skills training.
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