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24 terms

Psychological Disorders

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Normal
something most people do; the common or average thing
Abnormal
deviation from what is considered normal
Anxiety
a vague, generalized apprehension or feeling that one is in danger
General Anxiety Disorder
fearing unknown and unforseen circumstances; unable to enjoy life
Phobia
an intense and irrational fear of a particular object or situation
Phobic Disorder
severe anxiety is focused on a particular object that is out of proportion to the real danger
Panic Disorder
an anxiety disorder that manifests itself in the form of panic attacks; a feeling of helpless terror
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
a person suffering acute anxiety thinks the same thing over and over and has to perform irrational actions
Post-traumatic Stress Syndrome
disorder in which victims of traumatic events experience the original event in the form of dreams or flashbacks
Major Depressive Disorder
severe form of depression that interferes with functioning, concentration, and mental and physical well-being
Bipolar Disorder
disorder in which an individual alternates between feelings of mania (euphoria) and depression
Schizophrenia
a group of disorders characterized by confused and disconnected thoughts, emotions, and perceptions
Dissociative Disorder
a disorder in which a person experiences alterations in memory, identity, or consciousness
Dissociative Amnesia
the ability to recall important personal events or information; is usually associated with stressful events
Dissociative Fugue
a person suddenly and unexpectedly travels away from home or work and is unable to recall the past
Dissociative Identity Disorder
a person exhibits two or more personality states, each with its own patterns of thinking and behaving
Antisocial
personality disorder; displays pattern of disregarding and violating the rights of others without feeling remorse
Dependent
personality disorder; displays pattern of submissiveness and excessive need to be taken care of
Histrionic
personality disorder; displays escessive emotions, excessively seeks attention
Paranoid
personality disorder; distrusts others; percieves others as having evil motives
Tolerance
physical adaption to a drug so that a person needs an increased amount in order to produce the original effect
Withdrawal
the symptoms that occur after a person discontinues the use of a drug to which he or she has become addicted
Psychological Dependence
use of a drug to such an extent that a person feels nervous and anxious without it; users come to depend so much on the feeling of well-being they obtain from the drug that they feel compelled to continue using it
Stages of alcoholism
1) the individual discovers that alcohol reduces their tensions, gives them self-confidence, and reduces social pressures
2) beverage becomes a drug
3) drinking compulsively