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something most people do; the common or average thing


deviation from what is considered normal


a vague, generalized apprehension or feeling that one is in danger

General Anxiety Disorder

fearing unknown and unforseen circumstances; unable to enjoy life


an intense and irrational fear of a particular object or situation

Phobic Disorder

severe anxiety is focused on a particular object that is out of proportion to the real danger

Panic Disorder

an anxiety disorder that manifests itself in the form of panic attacks; a feeling of helpless terror

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

a person suffering acute anxiety thinks the same thing over and over and has to perform irrational actions

Post-traumatic Stress Syndrome

disorder in which victims of traumatic events experience the original event in the form of dreams or flashbacks

Major Depressive Disorder

severe form of depression that interferes with functioning, concentration, and mental and physical well-being

Bipolar Disorder

disorder in which an individual alternates between feelings of mania (euphoria) and depression


a group of disorders characterized by confused and disconnected thoughts, emotions, and perceptions

Dissociative Disorder

a disorder in which a person experiences alterations in memory, identity, or consciousness

Dissociative Amnesia

the ability to recall important personal events or information; is usually associated with stressful events

Dissociative Fugue

a person suddenly and unexpectedly travels away from home or work and is unable to recall the past

Dissociative Identity Disorder

a person exhibits two or more personality states, each with its own patterns of thinking and behaving


personality disorder; displays pattern of disregarding and violating the rights of others without feeling remorse


personality disorder; displays pattern of submissiveness and excessive need to be taken care of


personality disorder; displays escessive emotions, excessively seeks attention


personality disorder; distrusts others; percieves others as having evil motives


physical adaption to a drug so that a person needs an increased amount in order to produce the original effect


the symptoms that occur after a person discontinues the use of a drug to which he or she has become addicted

Psychological Dependence

use of a drug to such an extent that a person feels nervous and anxious without it; users come to depend so much on the feeling of well-being they obtain from the drug that they feel compelled to continue using it

Stages of alcoholism

1) the individual discovers that alcohol reduces their tensions, gives them self-confidence, and reduces social pressures
2) beverage becomes a drug
3) drinking compulsively

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