Terms in this set (249)
that condition of the human organism that consists of its health and disease status and risk potential
according to the Occupations code, a person licensed as a peace officer must complete hours of legislatively required continuing education training once every __________.
according to commission rules, if a licensee's name is changed for any reason, such as marriage, divorce, or other court action, it must be reported to the Commission within ______ days.
according to commission rules, if a current license holder is arrested for any offense above a Class C misdemeanor, the license holder shall report the facts of the arrest to the Commission in writing within ________.
according to commission rules, the license of any licensee who does not meet the legislatively required continuing education by the expiration date will ________.
more effective problem solving techniques
which of the following is an advantage of having the professional model for law enforcement?
the expression or use of facts without distortion by personal feelings or prejudices is the definition of ______.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
investigations relating to the deprivation of civil rights under color of law are usually conducted by the ________.
intentionally subjects another to sexual harassment
according to the penal code, a public servant acting under color of office or employment commits the offense of Official Oppression if the public servant ________.
gives the right to trial, open to the public
the sixth amendment to the U.S. Constitution _________.
cruel and unusual punishment are prohibited by which amendment?
according to the _______ amendment of the U.S. Constitution, powers not specifically reserved to the federal government are reserved to the state government.
writ of habeas corpus
according to the code of criminal procedure, a _______ is an order issued by a judge directed to anyone having a person in their custody, commanding them to produce such person and show why they are in custody.
Duran vs. City of Douglas
which court case affirmed a person's right to free speech?
the 5th amendment to the U.S. Constitution gives citizens the protection from ________.
the ________ amendment limits the level of force that may be used to reasonable force.
police, courts, and correctional
the primary components of the American Criminal Justice System are _______.
__________ is law that defines the personal and property rights of individuals
according to the code of criminal procedure, which of the following is NOT a magistrate?
special agents of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms
according to the code of criminal procedure, which of the following are NOT Texas peace officers?
review decisions of civil cases
according to the code of criminal procedure, the court of criminal appeals does NOT __________.
According to the CCP, the _________ courts shall have original jurisdiction of all misdemeanors of which exclusive original jurisdiction of all misdemeanors of which exclusive original jurisdiction is not given to the justice court, and when the fine to be imposed shall exceed five hundred dollars.
giving written notice of a victim's legal rights
According to the CCP, a peace officer who investigates a family violence allegation or who responds to a disturbance call that may involve family violence shall advise any possible adult victim of all reasonable means to prevent further family violence, including ________.
use any degree of force
According to the CCP, which of the following is NOT a use of force option for dispersing a riot?
According to the CCP, an affidavit made before a magistrate charging the commission of an offense is called a/an _________.
According to the CCP, the security given by the accused that he will appear and answer before the proper court the accusation brought against him is known as _________.
According to the CCP, a written statement of a grand jury accusing a person of an offense is a/an ___________.
taken into custody
According to the CCP, a person is arrested when the person has been _________.
According to the CCP, a written statement that is filed and presented on behalf of the State of Texas by a district attorney that charges a person with an offense that may be prosecuted according to law is called a/an __________.
According to the CCP, a peace officer from another state may pursue a fleeing person into Texas and arrest them there, if the person is suspected of committing _________.
According to the CCP, the time allowed for the execution of a search warrant shall be _____ whole days, exclusive of the day of issuance and the day of its execution.
According to the CCP, which court has original jurisdiction over all felony cases?
According to the CCP, what is a writ issued by court directing any peace officer in the state, commanding him to arrest a person accused of an offense and bring him before that court immediately called?
According to the CCP, appeals from the Justice Court are heard by the _______ Court.
According to the CCP, what is the term for a written order from a magistrate, directed to a peace officer, commanding them to take the body of the person accused of an offense, to be dealt with according to law?
According to the CCP, what is a law enforcement-initiated action based on an individual's ethnicity or national origin rather than the individual's behavior?
According to the CCP, whenever a peace officer meets with resistance in discharging any duty imposed on him by law, he ________ command a sufficient number of citizens of his county to overcome the resistance.
__________ circumstances exist when there is not enough time to obtain a warrant and the officer must establish probable cause.
Miranda vs. Arizona
the right to have an attorney present during questioning was affirmed by ________.
only be detained for a short time
Persons found in suspicious places, and under circumstances which reasonably show that such persons are about to commit some offense against the laws may ________.
According to the CCP, a peace officer or any other person, may, without a warrant, arrest an offender when the offense is committed in their presence or within their view if the offense is classified as __________.
in U.S. vs Carroll, the Supreme Court upheld an officer's right to search a vehicle's trunk when the officers have _________.
Under temporary detention, a person _________ be required to identify himself.
The act of keeping back, or withholding, by design, a person, is the definition of ________.
Chimel vs California
The right of the officer to search the immediate area of control in a search incident to an arrest was affirmed in ________.
search for any property or thing and seize the same
According to the CCP, a search warrant is a written order, issued by a magistrate and directed to a peace officer, commanding him to _______.
Holding a person for a limited time who, as yet, is not answerable to a criminal offense is _______.
According to the CCP, if a ________ from another state comes into or passes through this state under an order directing him to attend and testify in this or another state, he is not subject to arrest or the service of civil or criminal process because of any act committed prior to his arrival I this state under the order.
According to the CCP, an officer must have _______ to believe the property is stolen to justify seizure of the property.
According to the CCP, a peace officer may arrest, without a warrant, when a felony or breach of the peace has been committed in the presence or within view of a ________ and such person verbally orders the arrest of the offender.
__________ exists when the facts and circumstances known to the officer would warrant a prudent man believing that an offense has been committed.
According to the CCP, what is the actual forcible detention of a person and other coercive measures to detain him within certain limits?
Which U.S. Constitutional amendment is the primary focus of the Miranda vs. Arizona case?
According to the CCP, a citizen may, without a warrant, arrest an offender when the offense is committed within their view is a __________.
there is a person the officer has probable cause to believe is violating a protective order
According to the CCP, which of the following, occurring in the presence of an officer, requires an arrest, even without a warrant?
According to the CCP, a peace officer may break down the door of any house for the purpose of making an arrest if he has been refused admittance after giving notice of his authority and purpose under which of the following circumstances.
Wong Sun vs. U.S.
The poisonous tree doctrine, which displays the notion that evidence obtained after illegal government action will be excluded from evidence, was affirmed in ___________.
You can frisk if there is ___________ that the suspect may be in possession of a weapon.
When a search is conducted after a lawful arrest, within immediate control and contemporaneous with the arrest, the search is justified under ________ to lawful arrest.
What is generally considered to be that area of open space surrounding a dwelling, which is so immediately adjacent to the dwelling that it is part of the house?
admission of guilt
According to the PC, what is NOT part of the element of an offense?
According to the PC, in the case of an "exception to an offense," the burden of proof lies with the _______.
According to the PC, a person acts ________, with respect to the nature of their conduct, when it is the conscious objective or desire to engage in the conduct of cause the result.
committed by his own conduct
According to the PC, a person is criminally responsible as a party to an offense if the offense is _______.
According to the PC, what is an affirmative defense to prosecution that the actor was compelled by threat of serious bodily injury to engage in the proscribed conduct?
a defense to prosecution
According to the PC, a mistake of fact is _______.
appear in a public place while intoxicated to a degree the person may endanger himself/herself or another
According to the PC, in order to prove a case of public intoxication, a person must ________.
A person is in the process of robbing a store when a customer enters and is shot and killed by the person. According to the PC, what is the most serious offense committed?
A person abducts a child and demands a ransom for the child's release. The person gets scared and releases the child unharmed. According to the PC, what is the most serious offense committed?
obstruction or retaliation
According to the PC, what offense is committed when a person threatens to harm another, by an unlawful act, on account of their service as a witness or public servant?
A person causes an explosion with intent to destroy or damage, and is reckless about whether the explosion will endanger the life of some individual. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of _______.
A person causes an explosion with intent to destroy or damage, and is reckless about whether the explosion will endanger the life of some individual. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of _______.
A person knowingly causes serious bodily injury to another in the course of committing theft. According to the PC, what is the most serious offense committed?
A person breaks into an attached garage, breaks into a vehicle parked in the garage, and steals a $1,500 computer from the back seat. According to the PC, what is the most serious offense committed?
According to the PC, a person commits the offense of theft if they _______ appropriate property with intent to deprive the owner of the property.
fraudulent destruction, removal, or concealment of writing
A person removes a $450 price tag from a retail item, replaces it with a $200 price tag and pays the lower price. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of _______.
credit card abuse
A person steals a credit card with the intent to use it. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of ________.
preventing execution of civil process
A person knowingly prevents a writ from being served in a civil case. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of ________.
disrupting meeting or procession
A person enters the county commissioners' meeting and begins to shout obscenities. According to the PC, that person has committed the offense of _______.
promotion of prostitution
According to the PC, a person who knowingly solicits another to engage in sexual conduct with another person for compensation commits the offense of _______.
According to the PC, a person who intentionally operates or participates in the earnings of a gambling place has committed the offense of _______.
anything that, in its manner of intended use, is capable of causing serious bodily injury
According to the PC, what is the definition of a deadly weapon?
beyond a reasonable doubt
According to the PC, all persons are presumed to be innocent, and no person may be convicted of an offense unless each element of the offense is proven.
A person intentionally or knowingly abducts another person with the intent to use them as a shield or hostage. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of ________.
A person intentionally or knowingly restrains another person. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of _______.
A person intentionally or knowingly abducts another person. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of ________.
indecency with a child
A person engaged in sexual contact with a child younger than 17 years of age, who is not their spouse, and is more than 3 years older than the child. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of ________.
A person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causes bodily injury to another, including the person's spouse. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of _________.
A person intentionally or knowingly causes the death of an individual. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of _________.
A person recklessly causes the death of an individual. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of ________.
A person operates an amusement ride while intoxicated, and by reason of that intoxication causes the death of another by accident or mistake. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of _______.
a shotgun with an overall length of less than 26 inches
According to the PC, which of the following is a "short barrel" firearm?
According to the PC, which of the following is NOT covered in Section 46.02, "unlawfully carrying weapons?"
possession of alcoholic beverage in motor vehicle
A person, not the operator, knowingly possesses an open container (of alcohol) in a passenger area of a motor vehicle that is located on a public highway. According to the PC, the person has committed the offense of ______.
According to the PC, a license, certificate, permit, seal, title, letter of patent, or similar document issued by a government, by another state, or by the United States is a __________.
A person is in possession of a burning tobacco product in an elevator. According to the PC, what offense has been committed?
interference with child custody
A person retains a child younger than 18, knowing this violates the express terms of a judgment. According to the PC, what offense has been committed?
According to the PC, conduct merely affording a person an opportunity to commit an offense does not constitute _________.
prevent the other's imminent commission of robbery
According to the PC, a person is justified in using deadly force against another when and to the degree he reasonably believes the deadly force is immediately necessary to ________.
According to the TC, an operator intending to turn a vehicle right or left shall signal continuously for not less than the last ________ feet of movement of the vehicle before the turn.
According to the TC, a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily to transport property, is the definition of ________.
According to the TC, a motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement to draw an implement of husbandry is the definition of a ________.
According to the TC, a vehicle that is not designed or used primarily to transport persons or property and that is only incidentally operated on a highway, is classified a/an ________.
According to the TC, an individual, association, corporation, or other legal entity that controls, operates, or directs the operation of one or more vehicles that transport persons or cargo over a road or highway in this state is a/an _______.
5 working days
According to the TC, before a violation for expired registration exists there is a ________ grace period after expiration.
According to the TC, a divided, controlled-access highway for through traffic is the definition of a ______.
According to the TC, an improved shoulder is defined as a ________.
According to the TC, the period beginning one-half hour before sunrise and ending one-half hour after sunset is ______.
According to the TC, an injury to any part of the human body and that requires treatment is a _________.
A person disposes of litter on the public highway. According to the HSC, what offense has been committed?
According to the TC, an "unmarked crosswalk" only exists ________.
According to the TC, a temporary prohibition against driving a commercial motor vehicle is what type of order?
According to the TC, an operator approaching a railroad grade crossing shall stop if a railroad engine approaching within approximately ________ feet of the highway crossing emits a signal audible from that distance.
before moving on a sidewalk
According to the TC, an operator emerging from an alley shall stop the vehicle ________.
According to the TC, an operator may not, except momentarily to puck up or discharge a passenger, stand or park an occupied or unoccupied vehicle within how many feet of a fire hydrant?
the left side of the vehicle
According to the TC, an operator giving hand signals shall give them from _______.
According to the TC, an operator may not drive at a speed greater than is reasonable and _______ under the circumstances existing.
According to the TC, a vehicle equipped with hazard lamps to warn other vehicle operators of a vehicular traffic hazard shall have the lamps visible at a distance of at least ______ feet in normal sunlight.
red or amber
According to the TC, a turn signal lamp mounted on the rear of a vehicle shall emit _______ light.
According to the TC, unless expressly provided otherwise, a lighting device or reflector mounted on the rear of a vehicle must be or reflect ________.
According to the TC, an operator may not follow an ambulance closer than _______ when it is displaying headlights.
According to the TC, what is the minimum light transmission percentage allowable for window tinting?
According to the TC, a person has a disability if they have a/an ________ that substantially impairs the person's ability to ambulate.
According to the TC, a motor vehicle is abandoned if the motor vehicle is inoperable, is more than 5 years old, and has been left unattended on public property for more than ______ hours.
According to the TC, a buyer's temporary cardboard tags are valid for _______ days after the date of purchase.
According to the TC, which of the following is a recognized way to establish the financial responsibility required for the operation of a motor vehicle?
highway or street
According to the TC, a _______ is the width between the boundary lines of a publicly maintained way, any part of which is open to the public for vehicular traffic.
According to the TC, an operator moving around a rotary traffic island shall drive only to the _______ of the island.
According to the TC, an operator passing another vehicle shall return to an authorized lane of travel before coming within ______ feet of an approaching vehicle, if a lane authorized for vehicles approaching from the opposite direction is used in passing.
According to the TC, it is unlawful to operate an open bed pickup truck with a child younger than ______ in the open bed.
According to the TC, an operator shall dim headlights when an approaching vehicle is within ______ feet.
According to the Rules of Civil Procedure, the document that commands a sheriff or constable to take into their possession the property, if to be found in their county, and keep the same subject to further orders of the court, is known as writ of ____________.
justice of the peace
According to the Rules of Civil Procedure, a distress warrant may be filed with a ______.
According to the PC, sexual harassment is an element of which offense?
According to the Rules of Civil Procedure, a citation may normally be served on any day except a _______.
According to the Property Code, a writ instructing the tenant and all persons claiming under the tenant to leave the premises immediately is a writ of _______.
7 a.m. and Midnight
According to the ABC, a mixed beverage permittee may normally sell and offer for sale mixed beverages between the hours of __________ on any day except Sunday.
According to the HSC, a substance that has an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or is capable of conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability is classified as a/an ________.
According to the HSC, inhalant paraphernalia seized as a result of an offense is subject to ______.
The major classifications of drugs include narcotics, depressants, stimulants, and ________.
According to the HSC, __________ means a principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use in the manufacture of a controlled substance.
According to the FC, the taking of a child into custody is not considered a/an ______ except for the purpose of determining the validity of a search.
For conduct that constitutes a felony or misdemeanor punishable by confinement in jail
When may a child be fingerprinted when taken into custody?
According to the FC, a child who is accused, adjudicated, or convicted for conduct that would not, under state law, be a crime if committed by an adult is a ________.
the officer is following the guidelines of his/her department
A peace officer taking a juvenile into custody may dispose of the case without referral to the juvenile court if ______.
According to the FC, the duty of a parent to support his or her child exists while the child is a/an _________.
According to the FC, _______ means the adult with whom the child resides.
the issuance of warnings to the child
According to the FC, a child may be detained in a juvenile processing office only for __________.
According to FC, a child is defined as a person who is at least ______ years of age and under 17 years of age.
conduct indicating a need for supervision
According to the FC, the absence of a child on three or more days or parts of days within a four-week period from school is _______.
provide more details in reports and testimony
Field notes give an officer the advantage of being able to ______.
Brief notations concerning specific events and circumstances that are recorded while fresh in the officer's mind and used to prepare a report are ______.
when each thing happened
Chronological reports organize information by ________.
According to PC, _______ is failing to return to custody following a temporary leave for a specific purpose.
Peace officers are granted the authority to use force by the Texas ________.
prevent someone from committing suicide
According to the PC, deadly force is NOT justified to ________.
According to the PC, an amount of force that is intended to known by the actor to cause, or in any manner of its use or intended use is capable of causing, death or serious bodily injury is __________.
the use of force is justified
According to the PC, the threat of force is justified only when _________.
civilly but not criminally
According to the PC, a person who uses force against another may be _______ liable, if the force is justified.
According to the PC, even though an actor is justified in using deadly force against another, if in doing so he recklessly kills an innocent third party, the justification is ________ in a prosecution for the reckless killing of the innocent third party.
According to the PC, the use of force, but not deadly force, against a child younger than ______ years of age is justified if the actor is the child's parent.
if a reasonable person in the actor's situation would not have retreated
According to the PC, a person is justified in using deadly force against another ________.
According to the PC, the use of force against another when and to the degree they reasonably believe the force is immediately necessary to protect themselves against the other's use or attempted use of unlawful force, is justified as __________.
That degree of influence the officer must exert over the violator to take him or her safely into custody is known as ________.
___________ are obstacles to effective communication, and officers should try to eliminate them if possible.
Which of the following is one of the helpful tools used in verbal persuasion?
One of the tools an officer uses to maintain a psychological and physical edge is _______.
The good faith defense for an officer is enhanced when following the _______ of the department.
A police supervisor has a/an ________ duty to intervene to stop officers who are engaging in excessive force in their presence.
area in which offense occurred
Which of the following is NOT a consideration used by the courts to determine if unreasonable force was used?
One of the greatest assets to use in dealing with a violator is ________.
Handcuffs are only a ______ restraining device.
to the right or left of the subject
When two officers are interviewing one subject, the second officer's position should be ________.
Which of the following is a force option?
Weaponless strategies include _______.
Which of the following is considered a risk factor in the physical process of arrest?
physical stature of offender
Justification of baton use includes _______.
One of the advantages of the rear approach to suspects is _______.
left hand to left hand
When handcuffing two suspects together with one set of handcuffs, it is recommended to handcuff _______________.
Jones vs. Wittenberg University
Which court case dealt with warning shots?
The Commission requires a minimum of ______ rounds for basic handgun qualification.
The minimum firearms qualification is established at what percentage of the total possible score?
learn from eachother
Research has shown that an effective way to improve one's skill in problem solving is to work in small groups, think aloud, and _______.
The SARA problem solving method includes ________.
endanger life or property
According to the TC, the operator of an authorized emergency vehicle may exceed a maximum speed limit as long as the operator does not _________.
longer reaction time
Fatigue poses a threat to safe driving by causing ______.
This is one of the most frequent contributors to law enforcement collisions.
________ generally refers to groups of people with common ancestry and physical characteristics.
It is important to be aware of one's ______, so that one can double check decisions to ensure accurate and fair decision-making.
Having an adverse judgment or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge of or examination of the facts is ________.
________ is an organized and relatively unchanging combination of a person's knowledge and feelings about someone, or something that influences him/her to behave in a certain way in regards to that person.
secrecy and solidarity
Characteristics of the police subculture are _______.
Within the traditional police service model, most decisions are made at the management and mid-management level with little ________ involvement.
Every law enforcement officer is a crime prevention officer by the technical definition as well as by the _______ responsibilities of the job.
Prevention of crime is the soundest of all ______ theories.
Speed, mobility, and visibility increase preventative potential, and are advantages of ______ patrol.
When an officer is alone, more ______ is devoted to patrol functions and duties.
A/An _______ is able to take in everything around a given situation and then sort out the relevant from the irrelevant.
Patrol officers should practice the technique of refraining from using the word "____" during the violator interview while conducting vehicle stops.
If possible, during a felony stop, offset the police vehicle to the _________ of the suspect's vehicle.
Investigations and arrests after the occurrence of a crime are considered _______.
Operation "ID" encourages citizens to mark their property with their ______ number.
statement of violation committed
Which part of the 7-step violator contact method affords the violator an opportunity to explain or justify the violation?
Conducting property checks, questioning suspicious persons, varying patrol patterns, and maintaining high visibility best describe ________.
Proactive anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk and the action needed to remove or reduce that risk is crime _______.
Flexibility where the use of motorized vehicles is impractical, high visibility, and intense patrol are some advantages of ________.
preserve the peace
One of the objectives of patrol is to ________.
The two types of problem area patrol are ______ and _____.
Mail boxes, utility poles, automobiles, and brick walls are all examples of ______.
ambivalence towards danger
All of the following are persistent symptoms of increased arousal in post traumatic stress disorder except _______.
The normal response to trauma follows a similar pattern called the _______.
Physical arousal associated with fight or flight cannot be sustained; eventually it will result in _______.
Which of the following is not one of the elements of a victim's reaction to crime?
To prevent the disqualification of family violence victims from receiving crime victim compensation, officers should arrest the _______ instead of arresting both parties when responding to family violence calls.
According to the FC, ________ is an act by a member of a family or household against another member of the family or household that is intended to result in physical harm, bodily injury, assault, or sexual assault.
According to the FC, a protective order is effective for the period stated in the order, not to exceed ________.
Up to 80% of crisis situations can be diffused through ________.
According to the CCP, a magistrate may extend the detention period on a person who is arrested in the prevention of family violence by a period not to exceed _____ hours.
According to the FC, ______ means an act by an individual that is against another individual with whom that person has had a dating relationship and that is intended to result in physical harm.
According to the CCP, a peace officer _______ arrest, without a warrant, a person the peace officer has probable cause to believe has violated a protective order, if the offense is committed in the presence of the peace officer.
an offense involving family violence
According to the CCP, a peace officer may request a magistrate's order for emergency protection at a defendant's appearance before a magistrate after an arrest for ________.
request of a person
According to the HSC, before a peace officer may take a person believed to be mentally ill into custody without a warrant, the officer's belief must be based on all of the following except _________.
The single most common factor in suicide is _______.
A common stereotype about all persons with mental illness is that they are _______.
Which of the following is NOT a route of exposure to hazardous materials?
The fact that all substances, in the right amounts, become toxic is the basis of the _______ concept.
According to the HSC, a flammable material, an explosive, a radioactive material, a hazardous material, a toxic substance, or related material is the definition of ________.
_________ is a route of exposure to hazardous material by being cut or abraded by a contaminated object.
temporary damage to the water system
One of the effects that a hazardous material event has on the environment is _________.
release evidence to the property owner
Which of the following is NOT a necessary duty when conducting a preliminary investigation?
address and telephone number
According to the CCP, what information should the arresting officer collect from a victim of family violence, at the time of arrest, to allow for an attempt to give personal notice to that victim of the imminent release of the accused offender?
allowed to dry before packaging
Wet evidence such as bloodstains, semen, and mud but be _______.
physical characteristics of the area to be searched
During the processing of a crime scene, what potential problem should be taken into consideration when determining how an area will be searched?
persons and vehicles in the area
The first officer responding to an offense against a person should be observant of the ______ upon arrival at the scene.
_______ of witnesses is when witnesses, including officers, are ordered by the judge to leave the courtroom, stay close to the courtroom, and not discuss the case with other witnesses or jurors.
During the ______ examination of the prosecutor elicits facts from the officer, who directs his testimony to the jury or judge.
The _______ sketch is useful when no camera is available.
an arrow pointing to the north must be present
In order to facilitate proper orientation of a crime scene sketch, ________.
A/An ________ is the explanation of symbols used to identify objects in the sketch.
When conducting a crime scene search, a strip search is among the most effective for ______ searches.
determine what crime was committed
The object of a crime scene search is to locate physical evidence and to _______.
obtain proper identification of the victim
When a seriously injured victim is still conscious upon an officer's arrival, the officer should __________.
Sexual assaults are acts of _______.
The standard used to determine the guilt or innocence of a person criminally charged is ________.
________ includes all means by which an alleged fact is established or disproved.
The legal significance of evidence rests in its influence on the _________.
What is the body or substance of a crime called?
The lawful search for people, land, or things useful in reconstructing the circumstances of an illegal act or omission and the mental state accompanying it is a/an ______.
Examples of _____ are what you see, hear, or smell that indicates there may be criminal activity.