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Psych 230 Test 2
Terms in this set (61)
Two objects are presented simultaneously and we record how long infants attends to each one
A stimulus becomes so familiar or boring that the infant stops showing any response to it.
Present with a stimulus and record brain waves
Infants aged 2 months and older can discriminate patterns similar to adults - even highly complex ones.
Perception of faces
Newborn infants track face like patterns.
Visual cliff study concluded that babies could see and understand depth without learning.
Infants hear well, startle at loud noises.
Recognizing a mothers voice, hearing before birth, reactions to different speech and language.
Smell perception. Babies prefer nice smells like vanilla rather than eggs.
Taste perception. Newborns suck faster when they taste sweet fluid.
Changes that happen during Senior years
Lens of the eye becomes thicker, Presbycusis; loss of ability to hear high pitched tones
Jean Piaget's Developmental Theory
The development of our ability to reason, solve problems, understand our world, and to understand abstract concepts.
Create an answer to something
Holistic Structures Assumption
Everything is connected
Stagewise Development Assumption
Development happens across stages
We are always seeking balance so that we can understand what is happening around us.
2 processes by which adaptation occurs
Assimilation and accommodation
We take in data from the environment and fit it into our theories about the world.
What typically works for you is no longer working, so you have to adjust
3 main concepts of Vygotsky's Theory
The zone of Proximal Development, Scaffolding, and Private speech
The Zone of Proximal Development
Difference between what a child can do alone and a higher level they can achieve with assistance
Gauging the amount of assistance given depending on a learner's level of need
Verbal comments children make to themselves to guide and regulate their behavior
We cannot recall things from the first few months or years of life.
just doing it because you already know how to
1.) Obedience Oriented 2.) Instrumental Orientation 3.)Mutual interpersonal expectations 4.) Social system morality 5.) Social contract 6.) Universal Ethical principals
Level 1: orientation toward self-interest
Level 2: goodness as self-sacrifice
Level 3: The Morality of Nonviolence
L. A. S. S.
Language Acquisition Support System (Environmental contribution)
L. A. D.
Language Acquisition Device (Nature contribution)
The specific way we talk to infants. (up down up down)
Acquired Language Disorder
When infants grip with the whole hand
When an infants grasps small objects with its thumb and forefinger
When an infant's cheek is stroked or the side of the mouth is touched
In order to meet the demands of a task and make a decision about what to do in a certain environment, infants and children combine _________ and acting.
Hearing can start to decline by the age of ______.
According to dynamics systems theory, infants meet the demands of a new task by assembling ________ patterns that are modifications of their current movement patterns.
_________ involves damage to the optic nerve because of the pressure created by a buildup of fluid in the eye.
The interpretation of sensory information
_______ is the name Piaget gave to the mechanism by which children shift from one stage of thought to the next.
The grouping of isolated behaviors and thoughts into a higher-order system.
Actions or mental representations that organize knowledge are called...
__________ intelligence is an individuals ability to reason abstractly
The individuals accumulated information and verbal skills
The inability to distinguish between one's own perspective and someone else's perspective
__________ schemes characterize infancy
___________ schemes develop in childhood.
Occurs when children adjust their schemes to take new information and experiences into account.
Fuzzy trace theory concerns
Gist and Verbatim memory trace
The integration of information from two or more sensory modalities is called ___________ perception
Cognitive __________ are the hardware of the mind.
Cognitive ________ are the culture-based "software" programs of the mind.
________ intelligence emphasized interpersonal, interpersonal, and practical aspects of intelligence
___________ is the ability to produce an endless number of meaningful sentences using a finite set of words and rules.
__________ refers to the units of meaning involved in word formation
__________ refers to the meaning of words and sentences
A _________ is the smallest unit of sound in language that affects meaning
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