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Spice Trade history test
Terms in this set (42)
a group of islands in eastern Indonesia; was the center of the spice trade in the 1500s and 1600s
Line of Demarcation
line set by the Treaty of Tordesillas dividing the non-European world into two zones, one controlled by Spain and the other by Portugal
Treaty of Tordesillas
treaty signed between Spain and Portugal in 1494 which divided the non-European world between them
seaport city and legislative capital of South Africa; was the first Dutch colony in Africa
to travel completely around the world
a city in southeastern Kenya, located on a small coastal island
a coastal town in southeastern Kenya. Was attacked by the Portuguese
large estate run by owner or overseer and worked by laborers who live there
someone sent to do religious work in a territory or foreign country
complete control of a product or business by one person or group
a distant military station or a remote settlement
Dutch East India Company
a trading company established by the Netherlands in 1602 to protect and expands its trade in Asia
having full, independent power
a coastal city in southern Japan on the island of Kyushu; city in Japan where the second atomic bomb was dropped in August, 1945
Region of southeastern China made up of a peninsula and two islands, a Portuguese territory from the mid-1800s to 1999
a coastal city in southeastern China, also known as Canton
led the way in sponsoring exploration for Portugal; saw great potential in Africa and wanted to convert the African people to Christianity. He also wanted an easier way to get to Asia. Henry died in 1460
Vasco Da Gama
A Portuguese navigator who followed in Dia's footsteps and lead his ships around the Cape of Good Hope. Reached Calicut on the west coast of India after his ten month voyage. Got a cargo of spices that he sold for a large profit. De Gama's voyages had confirmed Portugal's status as a world power.
Italian navigator from Genoa; Persuaded Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain to sponsor his voyage; Sailed west in 1492 with three ships; Sailed around the Caribbeans, really thought it was the Indies.
Minor Portuguese nobleman from Spain with 5 ships to reach the Pacific in 1519. Entered a bay at the southern tip of South America in 1520 and found a passage that later became known as the Strait of Magellan. Magellan named the Pacific the Pacific meaning peaceful.
Was against the slave trade; ruler of Kongo in west Central Africa; was tutored by Portuguese missionaries who tried to get him to convert to Christianity; became king in 1505; he was not successful in stopping the slave trade
kingdom that emerged in the 1700s in present-day Ghana and was active in the slave trade
military leader who won control of the trading city of Kumasi; he eventually conquered neighboring peoples and unified the Asante Kingdom.
Dutch people who settled in Cape Town, Africa, and eventually migrated inland
Muslim empire that ruled most of northern India from the mid-1500s to the mid-1700s; also known as the Mogul or Mongol empire; Muslim rulers established throughout much of India
Jesuit priest whom made an impression on the Chinese and became a great resource to other Europeans who knew little about China
Group that ruled a region in Northeast, Manchuria, that had long been influenced by Chinese civilization.
A new dynasty set up by Manchus
Kangxi's grandson; successful reign from 1736 to 1796 of Qing Dynasty; he expanded China's borders to rule the largest area in the nation's history
Qing member who arrived in China at the head of a British mission. He brought samples of British made goods to show the Chinese the advantages of trade with the Westerners.
List some overall impacts the Dutch, British, Spanish, and Portuguese had on East (China, Korea, Japan)/Southeast(spice islands) /South Asia. Differentiate and know impacts that these four Europeans powers had on each.
- Took over Cape Town in southern Africa, as it was a strategic port for repairing and resupplying ships. Established Dutch East India Company.
- Created foothold in northeastern India for their spices and trading goods.
- Took over the Philippines, the center of sea trade.
- Claimed Calicut and Goa India for spices and military and commercial bases respectfully; Malacca, Southeast Asia for center of sea trade; Mombasa, East Africa, hub of international trade.
What effect did European trade have on the Mughal Empire?
- It had little impact at first, but over time it weakened the empire. There was a change in power. As Europe gained power, the Mughal Empire lost power and fell.
- Europeans had set a foothold in the Mughal Empire, slowly gaining power as the Empire weakened by civil wars and rebellions. The empire became so weak that the European trade had destroyed the Mughal Empire.
What impact did Portuguese exploration have on the people of Africa?
- African towns and cities were taken over
- European exploration and its role in trade increased the slave trade
- They enslaved the people and started to sell/trade them to merchants
- African towns and cities were taken over; European exploration and its role and trade increased the slave trade
- The Portuguese started the slave trade in Africa, which sparked other countries to start trading slaves. This caused people such as Alfonso 1 to rebel against the slave trade. Also, new ports were created along the coastline for trading and empires were overthrown
List three individual explorers and describe their overall impact.
- Columbus- Had discovered "the new world" and educated the rest of the world about the new continent. Also, it created new trade routes and provided new resources to the rest of the world
- Vasco Da Gama- actually reached India (Calicut) and found various spices and sold them for a high profit, also helped the Portuguese claim major ports for trading in India, establishing them as a high world power
- Ferdinand Magellan- Sailed all the way to southern south america where they continued across the pacific, but was killed in the Phillipines. His crew was the first to sail all the way around the world, educating the world more about the seas and new lands and ways to reach India.
How did competition among European countries affect overseas exploration and conquest?
- The countries wanted all to be the first to trade and explore these different places and there would be controversy between countries.
- Competition lead to more people going out and trying to discover different ways and new lands for their country to gain more power.
- Helped advancement of the countries. Everyone wanted to keep advancing.
- Competition aspect: the old imperialism morphed into new imperialism which was about empire building instead of trade. Empire building idea.
- Competition really promoted no body wanting to be left behind.
- A lot of the areas that got conquered were forced under new rules and were changed to the likings of the Europeans. Empires came to an end. Promoted change
Did Missionaries hurt or help European attempts to establish trade in Asia? Explain your answer.
European missionaries converted some of the populations to Christianity in Asia, Japan banned Christianity and China refused to grant Britain greater trading rights. So many of the missionaries attempts did not help at all. They often raised hostility that hurt trade efforts. They had little success converting in China (who ended up negotiating only limited trade) and in Japan they were curious about the religion.
Sailed all the way to southern south america where they continued across the pacific, but was killed in the Phillipines. His crew was the first to sail all the way around the world, educating the world more about the seas and new lands and ways to reach India.
Vasco Da Gama
actually reached India (Calicut) and found various spices and sold them for a high profit, also helped the Portuguese claim major ports for trading in India, establishing them as a high world power
Had discovered "the new world" and educated the rest of the world about the new continent. Also, it created new trade routes and provided new resources to the rest of the world
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