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sat vocab quiz 1-45
Terms in this set (60)
containing more words than necessary; wordy
markedly good humor; cheerful; jolly
to ruin or diminish the perfection; spoil
governing or controlling influence; domination
dull; unimaginative; everyday; ordinary
passing quickly into and out of existence; transitory
to cause to lose hope, enthusiasm or courage; loss of spirit
tending or intended to cause delay; tardy; procrastination
understood by or meant for a select few who have special knowledge
capable of destroying or eating away; corrosive
marked by doing good; goodhearted; kind
done in a quiet and secretive way to avoid being noticed; surreptitious; sly
not flowing; not advancing or developing
easily accomplished or attained; shallow or simplistic
appealing to intellectual appreciation
a fanatical person; characterized by eagerness
boring; not fresh or original
intended for display; open to view; professed; apparent
rapidly, often superficially produced; hasty
embodying deception; tending to deceive or mislead
slowly developing; averse to activity, effort, movement; lazy
befitting or characteristic of one of eminent rank; arrogant; commanding; authoritative
having the same nature, disposition or tastes; pleasant; agreeable; sociable
brilliantly live, stimulating or entertaining
exceeding what is sufficient or necessary: extra
strange or unusual; causing amazement/wonder; extraordinary in bulk, quantity; enormous
to make impossible necessary consequence; rule out in advance; prevent
inclined to be silent or uncommunicative; reserved; restrained speech/expression
: lacking confidence : not feeling comfortable around people
He becomes diffident [=shy, timid] around girls.
: very careful about acting or speaking
She has a diffident [=reserved] manner.
She was diffident about stating her opinion.
:hesitant in acting or speaking through lack of self-confidence
2 archaic :distrustful
3 :reserved, unassertive
[+ object] formal
: to give up (something) : to give (something, such as power, control, or possession) to another person or group
I will not relinquish my rights.
She was forced to relinquish control of the project.
The court ordered him to relinquish custody of his child.
1 :to withdraw or retreat from :leave behind
2 :give up relinquish a title
3 a :to stop holding physically :release slowly relinquished his grip on the bar
b :to give over possession or control of :yield few leaders willingly relinquish power
: someone or something that gives a feeling of comfort to a person who is sad, depressed, etc. : a source of comfort
Her presence was a great solace for/to me.
— often + in
We took/found solace in the knowledge that she hadn't been alone at the end.
I urged him not to seek solace in alcohol. [=I urged him not to drink to feel better]
1 :to give comfort to in grief or misfortune :console
2 a :to make cheerful
3 :allay, soothe solace grief
: to shock or surprise (someone) very much : to cause (someone) to become confused or unable to think clearly — usually used as (be) stupefied
I was stupefied by their decision.
— stupefaction /ˌstuːpəˈfækʃən/ Brit /ˌstjuːpəˈfækʃən/ noun [noncount]
They looked at her in stupefaction.
:to make stupid, groggy, or insensible
2 :astonish, astound
:to soothe or mollify especially by concessions :appease
: to cause (someone) to feel less angry about something
The administration placated protesters by agreeing to consider their demands.
The angry customer was not placated by the clerk's apology.
:characterized by harsh, insistent, and discordant sound a strident voice; also :commanding attention by a loud or obtrusive quality strident slogans
: sounding harsh and unpleasant
The strident tone in his voice revealed his anger.
a strident voice
: expressing opinions or criticism in a very forceful and often annoying or unpleasant way
: able to float
Cork is very buoyant.
a buoyant material
b : able to cause things to float
Warm air is more buoyant than cool air.
: happy and confident
The actors were buoyant as they prepared for the evening's performance.
in a buoyant mood
: able to stay at a regular or high level
a buoyant economy/market
:having buoyancy Warm air is more buoyant than cool air. : such as
a :capable of floating Cork is naturally buoyant.
b :cheerful, gay in a buoyant mood
c :capable of maintaining a satisfactorily high level a buoyant economy
formal : to limit the size or amount of (something) — usually used as (be) circumscribed
His role as president was carefully circumscribed by the board.
plants that are found only in a circumscribed [=limited] area
technical : to draw a shape around (another shape)
The circle is circumscribed by a square.
1 a :to constrict (see constrict 1) the range or activity of definitely and clearly his role was carefully circumscribed
b :to define or mark off carefully a study of plant species in a circumscribed area
2 a :to draw a line around circumscribed the misspelled words
b :to surround by or as if by a boundary fields circumscribed by tall trees
3 :to construct or be constructed around (a geometrical figure) so as to touch as many points as possible a circle circumscribing a square
1 :showing or suggesting a lofty and courageous spirit
the irreproachable lives and magnanimous sufferings of their followers —Joseph Addison
2 :showing or suggesting nobility of feeling and generosity of mind
too sincere for dissimulation, too magnanimous for resentment —Ellen Glasgow
: having or showing a generous and kind nature
The team was magnanimous in victory. [=the team treated its defeated opponents in a respectful and generous way]
She was too magnanimous to resent all the things others had said to her.
a magnanimous gesture
— magnanimity /ˌmægnəˈnɪməti/ noun [noncount]
He had the magnanimity to forgive her for lying about him.
The team showed magnanimity in victory.
1 :strength of mind that enables a person to encounter danger or bear pain or adversity with courage
2 obsolete :strength
: mental strength and courage that allows someone to face danger, pain, etc.
She has endured disappointments with fortitude and patience.
◊ The phrase intestinal fortitude is used informally in U.S. English as a humorous replacement for "guts," which means "courage."
They accused him of lacking intestinal fortitude. [=of being a coward]
: a word formed from another word
The word "childish" is a derivative of "child."
: something that comes from something else : a substance that is made from another substance
Tofu is one of many soybean derivatives.
Petroleum is a derivative of coal tar.
mathematics :the limit of the ratio of the change in a function to the corresponding change in its independent variable as the latter change approaches zero
a :a chemical substance related structurally to another substance and theoretically derivable from it
b :a substance that can be made from another substance Petroleum is a derivative of coal tar. soybean derivatives
5 :a contract or security (see security 3) that derives its value from that of an underlying asset (such as another security) or from the value of a rate (as of interest or currency exchange) or index (see 1index 2d) of asset value (such as a stock index)
: having little value or importance
a trifling sum of money
:lacking in significance or solid worth: such as
a :frivolous trifling talk
b :trivial a trifling gift
c chiefly dialectal :lazy, shiftless a trifling fellow
[more demonstrative; most demonstrative] formal : freely and openly showing emotion or feelings
She is more demonstrative (about her feelings) than I am. [=she shows her feelings more openly than I do]
grammar : showing who or what is being referred to
In the phrase "this is my hat," the word "this" is a demonstrative pronoun.
In the phrase "give me that book," the word "that" is a demonstrative adjective.
-stubbornly refusing to obey rules or orders
:obstinately defiant of authority or restraint
2 a :difficult to manage or operate
b :not responsive to treatment
this subject is recalcitrant both to observation and to experiment —G. G. Simpson
serving no useful purpose; ineffective; unsuccessful
1 : to change some of the words and often the meaning of (a law, document, etc.)
2 : to change and improve (something, such as a mistake or bad situation)
arising from anger; ballistic; enraged; furious
:marked by or given to speech or writing that is given exaggerated importance by artificial or empty means :marked by or given to bombast :pompous, overblown
a :to restrict the movement of by bonds or obstacles :impede
pitching ... violently in the seaway, hampered by her heavy tow —R. S. Porteous
b :to interfere with the operation of :disrupt
radio communications hampered by static —Globe & Mail
2 a :to moderate or limit the effect or full exercise of :curb, restrain a work environment that hampers creativity
b :to interfere with :to impede the natural activity of :encumber Bad weather hampered the search effort. a project hampered by budget restraints
:using or involving the use of a minimum of words :concise to the point of seeming rude or mysterious
: using few words in speech or writing
a laconic reply/response
a laconic manner/style
He had a reputation for being laconic.
:amazement or dismay that hinders or throws into confusion
the two ... stared at each other in consternation, and neither knew what to do —Pearl Buck
: a strong feeling of surprise or sudden disappointment that causes confusion
The candidate caused consternation among his supporters by changing positions on a key issue.
Much to her parents' consternation, she had decided to not go to college.
They stared at each other in consternation [=dismay], not knowing what to do.
1 :hypocritically pious or devout a sanctimonious moralist
the king's sanctimonious rebuke —G. B. Shaw
2 obsolete :possessing sanctity :holy
: pretending to be morally better than other people
a sanctimonious speech/lecture
:of, relating to, or resembling an enigma :mysterious
: full of mystery and difficult to understand
an enigmatic answer/smile
1 :deliberately affected :overly dramatic or emotional :theatrical histrionic gestures a tendency to become histrionic
2 :of or relating to actors, acting, or the theater seeking histrionic perfection
: too emotional or dramatic
1 :having or showing little or no feeling or emotion :spiritless
She was listless, apathetic, calm with the calmness of a woman who knows she can suffer no further. —Frank Norris
2 :having little or no interest or concern :indifferent apathetic voters apathetic underachievers
: not having or showing much emotion or interest
Young people are becoming increasingly apathetic.
a politically apathetic [=indifferent, uninterested] generation
the apathetic attitude of the public
1 a :a predicament affording no obvious escape
2 :an impassable road or way :cul-de-sac
: a situation in which no progress seems possible
Negotiations are at an impasse. = Negotiations have reached/hit an impasse.
An arbitrator was called in to break the impasse.
She had reached an impasse in her career.
:promptness in response :cheerful readiness accepted the invitation with alacrity
: a quick and cheerful readiness to do something
She accepted the invitation with alacrity. [=very quickly and willingly]
She accepted the invitation with an alacrity that surprised me.
1 :querulous in temperament or mood :fretful
2 :perversely (see perverse 2b) obstinate a peevish child
3 :marked by ill temper
has a peevish, even spiteful, streak —Elizabeth Drew
: feeling or showing irritation
a peevish frown
peevish patients in the doctor's waiting room
:marked by rancor :deeply malevolent
a archaic :to defeat in battle
-the ground ... strewn with the discomfited —Stephen Crane
b :to frustrate the plans of : (thwart)
-discomfit our foes
2 :to put into a state of perplexity and embarrassment : (disconcert)
-was discomfited by the question
: to make (someone) confused or upset — often used as (be) discomfited
The governor was clearly discomfited [=disconcerted] by the question.
1 :of or befitting a slave or a menial position
2 :meanly or cravenly submissive :abject
: very obedient and trying too hard to please someone
In the presence of an authority, he immediately adopted a servile [=submissive] attitude.
a servile assistant
1 :to make or give an epitome of
2 :to serve as the typical or ideal example of
: to be a perfect example or representation of (something) : to be the epitome of (something)
He epitomizes laziness.
This student's struggles epitomize the trouble with our schools.